Ovarian Cancer Clinical Trial
Pembrolizumab, Carboplatin, and Paclitaxel in Treating Patients With Stage III-IV Ovarian, Primary Peritoneal, or Fallopian Tube Cancer
This phase II trial studies how well pembrolizumab works when given in combination with carboplatin and paclitaxel in treating patients with stage III-IV ovarian, primary peritoneal, or fallopian tube cancer. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as carboplatin and paclitaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving pembrolizumab in combination with carboplatin and paclitaxel may be a better treatment for ovarian, primary peritoneal, or fallopian tube cancer.
I. To evaluate progression-free survival of paclitaxel/carboplatin and pembrolizumab in patients with advanced stage, metastatic ovarian cancer undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT).
I. To describe the feasibility of combination therapy with pembrolizumab in this population.
II. To evaluate the safety of combination and maintenance pembrolizumab. III. To report overall survival.
I. To describe the sequential effects of chemotherapy on immune response and PD-1 expression and receptor occupancy.
II. To evaluate circulating lymphoid populations (subsets). III. To determine tissue PD-L1 expression and T-cell infiltration.
NACT: Patients receive paclitaxel intravenously (IV) over 1 hour on days 1, 8, and 15, and carboplatin IV over 1 hour on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 3 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients then undergo surgery.
ADJUVANT THERAPY: Beginning 3-6 weeks after surgery, paclitaxel IV over 1 hour on days 1, 8, and 15, patients receive carboplatin IV over 1 hour on day 1, and pembrolizumab IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 3 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
MAINTENANCE THERAPY: Patients receive pembrolizumab IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 20 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 12 weeks.
Signed, written informed consent
Histology showing high-grade epithelial non-mucinous ovarian, primary peritoneal, or fallopian tube cancer
No more than 4 prior cycles of chemotherapy for primary advanced (stage III or IV) epithelial ovarian, primary peritoneal, or fallopian tube cancer
No prior treatment involving irradiation, hormonal therapy, immunotherapy, investigational therapy, and/or other concurrent agents or therapies for ovarian cancer
A disposition to neoadjuvant chemotherapy with planned interval tumor reductive surgery after 4 complete cycles of treatment
Planned dose-dense chemotherapy with combination carboplatin and paclitaxel given intravenously
Have measurable disease based on Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1.
Measurable disease is defined at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest dimension to be recorded); each "target" lesion must be >= 20 mm when measured by conventional techniques, including palpation, plain x-ray, computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or >= 10 mm when measured by spiral CT
Patients with non-measurable but evaluable solid tumors may be deemed eligible contingent upon principal investigator (PI) review
Peripheral neuropathy grade 0 or 1 by National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4.0
Tissue from an archival tissue sample or fresh tissue obtained from a core or excisional biopsy of a tumor lesion
Have a performance status of 0 or 1 on the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance scale
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500 /mcL
Platelets >= 100,000/mcL
Hemoglobin (Hgb) >= 9 g/dL or >= 5.6 mmol/L
Creatinine clearance >= 60 mL/min for subject with creatinine levels > 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)
Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN OR direct bilirubin =< ULN for subjects with total bilirubin levels > 1.5 ULN
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x ULN OR =< 5 x ULN for subjects with liver metastases
International normalized ratio (INR)/prothrombin time (PT) =< 1.5 x ULN (unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or partial thromboplastin time [PTT] is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants)
PTT =< 1.5 x ULN (unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or PTT is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants)
Women of child-bearing potential (intact uterus) should have a negative urine or serum pregnancy within 72 hours prior to receiving the first dose of study medication; subjects of childbearing potential are those who have not been surgically sterilized or have not been free from menses for > 1 year; if the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required
Female subjects of childbearing potential should be willing to use 2 methods of birth control or be surgically sterile, or abstain from heterosexual activity for the course of the study through 120 days after the last dose of study medication; subjects of childbearing potential are those who have not been surgically sterilized or have not been free from menses for > 1 year; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately
Pre-treatment fresh frozen tissue available for research purposes; this tissue can be collected from preoperative laparoscopy, other diagnostic biopsy, or a research-specific biopsy
Signed informed consent on protocol LAB02-188
Is currently participating in or has participated in a study of an investigational agent or using an investigational device within 4 weeks of the first dose of treatment
Histology showing mucinous or low grade epithelial ovarian carcinoma
History of another primary malignancy except for:
Malignancy treated with curative intent and with no known active disease >= 5 years before the first dose of study drug and or low potential risk for recurrence
Adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer or lentigo maligna without evidence of disease
Adequately treated carcinoma in situ without evidence of disease e.g., cervical cancer in situ
Concomitant stage 1A/B, grade 1-2 endometrioid endometrial cancer as allowable contemporary tumor
Has known active central nervous system (CNS) metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis; subjects with previously treated brain metastases may participate provided they are stable (without evidence of progression by imaging for at least four weeks prior to the first dose of study treatment and any neurologic symptoms have returned to baseline), have no evidence of new or enlarging brain metastases, and are not using steroids for at least 7 days prior to study treatment
Has received prior therapy with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, anti-PD-L2, anti-CD137, or anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 (CTLA-4) antibody (including ipilimumab or any other antibody or drug specifically targeting T-cell co-stimulation or checkpoint pathways)
Patients with ovarian cancer not medically fit for diagnostic laparoscopy prior to initiation of therapy
Patients with any evidence of severe or uncontrolled systemic disease (e.g. severe hepatic impairment, interstitial lung disease [bilateral, diffuse, parenchymal lung disease], uncontrolled chronic renal disease [glomerulonephritis, nephritic syndrome, Fanconi syndrome or renal tubular acidosis]), or current unstable or uncompensated respiratory or cardiac conditions, or uncontrolled hypertension blood pressure >= 140/90, active bleeding diatheses or active infection
Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving systemic steroid therapy or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose of study treatment
Has had a prior monoclonal antibody within 4 weeks prior to study day 1 or who has not recovered (i.e., =< grade 1 or at baseline) from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier
Has had prior chemotherapy, targeted small molecule therapy, or radiation therapy within 2 weeks prior to study day 1 or who has not recovered (i.e., =< grade 1 or at baseline) from adverse events due to a previously administered agent; Note: subjects with =< grade 2 neuropathy are an exception to this criterion and may qualify for the study; Note: if subject received major surgery, they must have recovered adequately from the toxicity and/or complications from the intervention prior to starting therapy
No active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in past two years (i.e. with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs); replacement therapy (e.g. thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc) is not considered a form of systemic treatment
Has evidence of interstitial lung disease or active, non-infectious pneumonitis
Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy
Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the study, interfere with the subject's participation for the full duration of the study, or is not in the best interest of the subject to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator
Has known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the study
Is pregnant or breastfeeding, or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the study, starting with the pre-screening or screening visit through 120 days after the last dose of study treatment
Has a known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (HIV 1/2 antibodies)
Has known active hepatitis B (e.g., hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] reactive) or hepatitis C (e.g., hepatitis C virus [HCV] ribonucleic acid [RNA] [qualitative] is detected)
Has received a live vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of study treatment
Patients with tuberculosis
Patients with known hypersensitivity to pembrolizumab or any of its excipients
Patients receiving concurrent additional biologic therapy
History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to carboplatin, paclitaxel not responsive to traditional desensitization procedures
Patient that is not able to understand or to comply with the study instructions and requirements or has a history of non-compliance to the medical regimen
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There are 5 Locations for this study
Houston Texas, 77030, United States
Houston Texas, 77094, United States
Nassau Bay Texas, 77058, United States
Sugar Land Texas, 77478, United States
The Woodlands Texas, 77384, United States
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