Prostate Cancer Clinical Trial
CJNJ-67652000 and Prednisone for Treatment of Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer and SPOP Gene Mutations
This phase II trial tests how well abiraterone acetate/niraparib (CJNJ-67652000 [niraparib/abiraterone acetate fixed-dose combination]) and prednisone works in treating patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer that has spread from where it first started (primary site) to other places in the body (metastatic) and who have a mutation in the SPOP gene. CJNJ-67652000 (niraparib/abiraterone acetate fixed-dose combination) is a drug which stops certain cancer cells from being able to repair themselves from damage, leading to the death of the cancer cell. Prednisone is in a class of medications called corticosteroids. It is used to reduce inflammation and lower the body's immune response to help lessen the side effects of chemotherapy drugs. Giving CJNJ-67652000 and prednisone may kill more tumor cells in patients with metastatic prostate cancer than giving these drugs alone.
I. To determine the efficacy of abiraterone acetate/niraparib (CJNJ-67652000 [niraparib/abiraterone acetate fixed-dose combination]) and prednisone as assessed by prostate-specific antigen decline >= 50% (PSA50) response rate in patients with metastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) who have failed prior treatment with androgen receptor (AR)-targeted therapy and have a qualifying, deleterious SPOP mutation.
I. To assess the radiologic progression free survival (rPFS) of CJNJ-67652000 (niraparib/abiraterone acetate fixed-dose combination) and prednisone treatment in patients with mCRPC who have failed prior treatment with AR-targeted therapy and have a qualifying, deleterious SPOP mutation.
II. To assess best radiographic response using Prostate Cancer Working Group 3 (PCWG3) criteria.
III. To assess time to prostate specific antigen (PSA) progression. IV. To assess safety and tolerability using National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Toxicity Criteria Version 5.0.
CORRELATIVE RESEARCH OBJECTIVES:
I. To explore the landscape of genomic alterations occurring after use of CJNJ-67652000 (niraparib/abiraterone acetate fixed-dose combination) and prednisone.
II. To use blood, tissue, or organoid lines for identifying predictive biomarkers of response, investigating drug resistance mechanisms, and for future drug efficacy studies.
III. To explore the relationship of other genomic alterations in the tumor tissue with overall response rate (ORR) and disease progression.
Patients receive CJNJ-67652000 orally (PO) and prednisone PO on study. Patients also undergo blood specimen collection, computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and bone scan throughout the trial.
Male >= 18 years of age
Histological confirmation of adenocarcinoma of the prostate
Qualifying deleterious SPOP mutation detected on any archival genomic assay (tissue and/or liquid biopsy) is acceptable for study inclusion. Qualifying mutation(s) of SPOP include any genomic change predicted to be deleterious or suspected deleterious. SPOP status must be established prior to involvement on the trial
Evidence of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer, defined as at least one (1) documented metastatic lesion on either bone scan or CT scan. Bone only disease is acceptable for enrollment. Non-bone metastatic lesions must be measurable by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1 criteria. Subjects whose disease spread is limited to regional pelvic lymph nodes or local recurrence (e.g. bladder, rectum) are not eligible
Radiographic or PSA progression while on androgen deprivation therapy (or after bilateral orchiectomy) AND at least one prior AR-targeted therapy (abiraterone acetate, enzalutamide, apalutamide, darolutamide or investigational AR-targeted agents). PSA progression is a PSA increase that is >= 25% and >= 2 ng/mL above the nadir, and which is confirmed by a second value (minimum 1 week interval between tests). For radiographic progression of soft tissue lesions, modified RECIST 1.1 criteria will be used to qualify entry. For radiographic progression of bony disease, two new lesions must be seen as per PCWG3 criteria. No confirmatory scan of bone progression is required prior to study entry
A maximum of one line of prior taxane (docetaxel or cabazitaxel) chemotherapy will be allowed, but is not required
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) 0, 1 or 2
Surgically or medically castrated, with serum testosterone levels of =< 50 ng/dL (1.73 nM). For patients currently being treated with luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) analogs (ie, patients who have not undergone an orchiectomy), therapy must be continued throughout the study
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1500/mm^3 (within 14 days prior to registration)
Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3 (within 14 days prior to registration)
Hemoglobin >= 10 g/dL independent of transfusion within 14 days
Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) (In subjects with Gilbert's syndrome, if total bilirubin is > 1.5 x ULN, measure direct and indirect bilirubin, and if direct bilirubin is =< 1.5 x ULN, subject may be eligible as determined by the medical monitor) (within 14 days prior to registration)
Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 3 x ULN (within 14 days prior to registration)
Aspartate transaminase (AST) =< 3 x ULN (within 14 days prior to registration)
Calculated creatinine clearance >= 45 ml/min using the Cockcroft-Gault formula (within 14 days prior to registration)
Male patients who are committed to undertaking the following measures for the duration of the study and after the last dose of CJNJ-67652000 (niraparib/abiraterone acetate fixed-dose combination) for the time period specified:
Use a condom during sex while being treated and for 90 days after the last dose of CJNJ-67652000 (niraparib/abiraterone acetate fixed-dose combination)
Do not make semen donations during treatment and for 90 days after the last dose of CJNJ-67652000 (niraparib/abiraterone acetate fixed-dose combination)
Those with female partners of childbearing potential may be enrolled if they are:
Documented to be surgically sterile (ie, vasectomy);
Committed to practicing true abstinence during treatment and for 90 days after the last CJNJ-67652000 (niraparib/abiraterone acetate fixed-dose combination) dose; or
Committed to using an effective method of contraception with their partner during treatment and for 90 days following the last dose of CJNJ-67652000 (niraparib/abiraterone acetate fixed-dose combination)
Provide written informed consent
Prior treatment with PARP inhibitor or platinum chemotherapy
Historical or current diagnosis of myelodysplastic syndrome or myeloid malignancy
Any of the following prior therapies:
Surgery =< 3 weeks prior to registration
Chemotherapy =< 2 weeks prior to registration
Co-morbid systemic illnesses or other severe concurrent disease which, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study or interfere significantly with the proper assessment of safety and toxicity of the prescribed regimens
Clinician assessed prognosis of less than 16 weeks
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive subjects with 1 or more of the following:
Not receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy
Receiving antiretroviral therapy that may interfere with the study drug (consult the sponsor for review of medication prior to enrollment)
A change in antiretroviral therapy within 6 months of the start of screening (except if, after consultation with the sponsor-investigator on exclusion criterion, a change is made to avoid a potential drug-drug interaction with the study drug)
CD4 count < 350 at screening
An acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-defining opportunistic infection within 6 months of the start of screening
Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to:
Ongoing or active infection
Symptomatic congestive heart failure (left ventricular ejection fraction [LVEF] < 50% or New York Heart Association [NYHA] class III or IV heart failure)
Unstable angina pectoris
Myocardial infarction within the last 6 months
Uncontrolled hypertension (systolic blood pressure >= 160 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure [BP] >= 95 mmHg). Subjects with a history of hypertension are allowed provided blood pressure is controlled by anti-hypertensive treatment
Or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
Receiving any other investigational agent which would be considered as a treatment for the primary neoplasm
Other active malignancy =< 3 years prior to registration
EXCEPTIONS: Non-melanotic skin cancer, carcinoma-in-situ of the cervix, or malignancy not expected to require therapy (systemic or radiation) in the next 1 year
History of myocardial infarction =< 6 months
Symptomatic brain metastases
Current evidence of any of the following:
Any medical condition that would make prednisone use contraindicated
Any chronic medical condition requiring a higher dose of corticosteroid than 10 mg prednisone (or equivalent once daily
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