Prostate Cancer Clinical Trial

Enzalutamide and M9241 in PET Positive Recurrent Prostate Cancer (pprPC) Without Testosterone Lowering Therapy

Summary

Background:

Prostate cancer may return after treatment in 30,000 to 50,000 people each year. There is no clear best way to treat these people. Better treatments are needed.

Objective:

To test a study drug (enzalutamide), both alone and combined with a second drug (M9241), in people with prostate cancer that returned after treatment.

Eligibility:

People aged 18 years and older with prostate cancer that returned after treatment.

Design:

Participants will be screened. They will have a physical exam, with blood tests. All their urine will be collected for 24 hours. They will have imaging scans of their chest, abdomen, pelvis, and bones. Their ability to perform everyday activities will be assessed. They may opt to give a stool sample.

Participants will be treated in 4-week cycles.

Enzalutamide is a pill taken by mouth once a day, every day. All participants will be given a supply of this drug to take at home.

M9241 is injected under the skin once a month, on the first day of each cycle. Half of the participants will receive both drugs.

All participants will visit the clinic once a month. Each visit should last no more than 8 hours. Blood and urine tests will be repeated.

All participants will receive the study treatment for 3 cycles. Some participants may need 3 more cycles of treatment with enzalutamide only. This re-treatment can be done only once.

Participants will have a follow-up visit 1 month after they finish treatment. After that, they will have visits every 6 weeks for up to 5 years. Imaging scans and blood tests will be repeated.

...

View Full Description

Full Description

Enzalutamide given with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved for the treatment of metastatic prostate cancer based on conventional computed tomography (CT) and Tc99 scan.
Enzalutamide for 3 months (short course) given without ADT has demonstrated the ability to control prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in recurrent prostate cancer for nearly a year, delaying the need for additional therapy.
Enzalutamide without ADT was very well tolerated in our previous study, a prerequisite for any therapy in recurrent disease where patients may not have symptoms from prostate cancer for 5-10 years.
Enzalutamide without ADT demonstrated the ability to enhance natural killer (NK) cells and decrease myeloid-derived suppressor cells.
M9241 is an immunocytokine that binds to areas of necrotic tumors. Preclinical data have demonstrated that M9241 delivery to the tumor is enhanced by cytotoxic therapies such as radiation and chemotherapy.
M9241 has been shown to be well tolerated and even induce PSA responses in patients with recurrent prostate cancer.
M9241 has also been able to enhance NK cells in prostate cancer patients.
Higher levels of NK cells have been associated with better clinical outcomes in prostate cancer.
Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) positron emission tomography (PET) imaging is now approved in recurrent prostate cancer. No trial has prospectively evaluated an anti-androgen therapy (e.g., enzalutamide) without ADT in this population. If changes in imaging are seen similar to the PSA responses noted previously, these findings may demonstrate the efficacy of enzalutamide-based regimens in recurrent prostate cancer.
Given that enzalutamide is cytotoxic and will induce necrosis, there is a rationale to combine it with the necrosis-targeting agent M9241. The fact that both enhance NK cells, which have been associated with better clinical outcomes adds further rationale to this combination.

Objective:

-To determine if the combination of enzalutamide and immunotherapy (M9241) is associated with an increase in the duration of PSA suppression compared to that of enzalutamide alone in participants with PET Positive Recurrent Prostate Cancer (pprPC).

Eligibility:

Participant must provide documentation of histologic or cytological confirmation of prostate cancer or tumor sample for diagnosis confirmation. Note: in the absence of pathology or documentation, participant must have a rising PSA, PSMA+ disease, and his history consistent with prostate cancer as documented by the investigator.
History of primary treatment for prostate cancer (either surgery or radiation).
PSA doubling time within less than 1 year before treatment initiation.
Testosterone >100 ng/dL.
Age >=18 years.
Evidence of prostate cancer on PSMA PET/CT scan.
Negative Tc99 Bone Scan.
No evidence of soft tissue disease on the CT scan (or MRI) per the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) guideline.

Design:

This is an open-label phase II clinical trial with two treatment arms: Arm 1 (enzalutamide) and Arm 2 (enzalutamide + M9241).
After enrollment, participants will be randomized between Arms 1 and 2 and receive 3 cycles of treatment of enzalutamide or enzalutamide and M9241.
During off treatment monitoring period following the third cycle, participants who experience PSA recovery to baseline will have a second course of enzalutamide treatment only (3 cycles total).

View Eligibility Criteria

Eligibility Criteria

INCLUSION CRITERIA:
Participant must provide documentation of histologic or cytological confirmation of prostate cancer or tumor sample for diagnosis confirmation. Note: in the absence of pathology or documentation, participant must have a rising PSA, PSMA+ disease, and his history consistent with prostate cancer as documented by the investigator.
History of primary treatment for prostate cancer (either surgery or radiation).
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) doubling time within less than 12 months.
Testosterone >100 ng/dL.
Age >=18 years.
Evidence of prostate cancer on PSMA PET/CT scan.
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status <2.
Men must agree to use an effective method of contraception (barrier or surgical sterilization) after study entry and for 3 months after completion of enzalutamide or M9241 therapy whatever comes later.

Participants must have adequate organ and marrow function as defined below:

Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >=1,500/microliter, without granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) support
Platelets >=100,000/microliter
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) /Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) <=2.5 X institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)
Hemoglobin (Hgb) >= 10 g/dL (packed red blood cell (pRBC) transfusions are not allowed to achieve acceptable Hgb)
Total bilirubin <= 1.5 X ULN, OR <= 3.0 ULN in participants with Gilbert s syndrome
Serum albumin >= 2.8 g/dL
Creatinine < 1.5 X institution ULN

OR

--Measured or calculated creatinine clearance (CrCl) (estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) may also be used in place of CrCl) > 45 mL/min/1.73 m^2 for participant with creatinine levels > 1.5 X institutional ULN

Hepatitis B virus (HBV)-infected participants can be enrolled if HBV DNA is undetectable at screening. Hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected participants can be enrolled if the HCV RNA level is undetectable at screening. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive participants can be enrolled if HIV DNA is undetectable.
Participants must be able to swallow tablets/capsules.
Participants must be able to understand and willing to sign a written informed consent document.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

Evidence of soft tissue disease on CT scan (or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) if assessment cannot be done by CT scan) per RECIST 1.1 criteria (lymph nodes up to 2.0 cm in the shortest dimension are allowed).
Evidence of bone lesions on Tc99 bone scan.
History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to study drugs or imaging agents used in the study.
Any medical condition that requires chronic systemic steroid therapy, or any other form of immunosuppressive medication (inhaled and topical steroids are permitted).
History of seizures within the last 10 years.
Therapy with strong inhibitors or inducers of CYP2C8 or CYP3A4 (https://druginteractions.medicine.iu.edu/MainTable.aspx) within 5 half-lives prior to the study treatment initiation.
Participants with prior malignancy active within 3 years prior to study treatment initiation except for locally curable cancers that have been apparently cured such as basal or squamous cell skin cancer, superficial bladder cancer, or carcinoma in situ of the breast.
Uncontrolled intercurrent illness that would limit compliance with study requirements.

Study is for people with:

Prostate Cancer

Phase:

Phase 2

Estimated Enrollment:

55

Study ID:

NCT06096870

Recruitment Status:

Not yet recruiting

Sponsor:

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Check Your Eligibility

Let’s see if you might be eligible for this study.

What is your age and gender ?

Submit

There is 1 Location for this study

See Locations Near You

National Institutes of Health Clinical Center
Bethesda Maryland, 20892, United States More Info
National Cancer Institute Referral Office
Contact
888-624-1937

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

Study is for people with:

Prostate Cancer

Phase:

Phase 2

Estimated Enrollment:

55

Study ID:

NCT06096870

Recruitment Status:

Not yet recruiting

Sponsor:


National Cancer Institute (NCI)

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

×

Introducing, the Journey Bar

Use this bar to access information about the steps in your cancer journey.