Prostate Cancer Clinical Trial
[Lu-177]Ludotadipep in Castration-resistant Prostate Cancer(CRPC): Investigation of Drug and Application
Phase 1: The objective of the Phase 1 part of the clinical trial is to verify safety and tolerability (dose-limiting toxicity [DLT], maximum tolerated dose [MTD]) of a single 3.7 Giga-Becquerel (GBq) dose with the potential for one dose level de-escalation to 2.775 GBq if necessary, to determine the recommended [177Lu]Ludotadipep dose for use in the Phase 2a part of the trial.
Phase 2a: The objective of the Phase 2a part of the trial is to evaluate safety and efficacy for repeated administration of the recommended [177Lu]Ludotadipep dose. The Recommended Phase 2 dose (RP2D) will be based on the study results from the Phase 1 trial in South Korea upon consultation with the FDA.
The patient will attend a Screening visit (-28 to -1 days) prior to study treatment, where it will be determined if the patient is eligible to, and consents to, participate in the trial based on the inclusion/exclusion criteria. [Ga-68]PSMA-11 positron emission tomography (PET)/CT scan will be performed at screening.
Patients who are finally registered for trial participation will be injected with a single dose of [177Lu]Ludotadipep. Ice packs and other cooling therapies will be applied to the major salivary glands from 30 minutes before the administration of [177Lu]Ludotadipep to 60 minutes after the administration to prevent side effects such as sialadenitis. Amino acid solution will be administered slowly intravenously for renal protection over approximately 4 hours from 30 minutes before treatment to 3.5 hours after treatment. 500 mL of 0.9% sodium chloride (NaCl) will be administered slowly intravenously for hydration over approximately 90 minutes from 30 minutes before treatment to 60 minutes after treatment.
Adverse events and DLTs will be assessed continuously for the duration of the 8 [±1] week study period. Other measurements, corresponding to secondary outcomes, are detailed in the Schedule of Assessments and include concomitant medications, laboratory tests, physical examination, vital signs, Eastern cooperative oncology group performance status (ECOG PS), imaging (positron emission tomography-computed tomography [PET/CT], bone scan and Whole Body Scan (WBS)). Follow-up will occur at scheduled visits 1, 2, 4 and 8 weeks after investigational product (IP) administration.
Patients who show a clinical response and who the PI considers will likely benefit from retreatment can be so treated after consultation and agreement of the medical monitor and the sponsor.
The patient will attend a Screening visit (-28 to -1 days) prior to treatment with IP, where it will be determined if the patient is eligible to, and consents to, participate in the trial based on the inclusion/exclusion criteria. [Ga-68]PSMA-11 PET/CT and [F-18]FDG-PET scans will be performed at screening.
Patients who are finally registered for trial participation will be injected with a single dose of [177Lu]Ludotadipep. Ice packs and other cooling therapies will be applied to the major salivary glands 30 minutes before and up to 60 minutes after the administration of [177Lu]Ludotadipep to prevent side effects such as sialadenitis. Amino acid solution will be administered slowly intravenously for renal protection over approximately 4 hours from 30 minutes before treatment to 3.5 hours after treatment. 500 mL of 0.9% NaCl will be administered slowly intravenously for hydration over approximately 90 minutes from 30 minutes before treatment to 60 minutes after treatment. WBS or single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) images will be obtained 24 hours after each administration and Day 7, and AE information will also be captured. Other measurements are detailed in the Schedule of Assessments.
Patients will receive [177Lu]Ludotadipep every 8 [±1] weeks (4 to 6 times).
Patients will be contacted by phone 2 weeks after the first administration for a safety check-up. Four and six weeks after each administration the patient will attend the clinic for a follow-up visit. The following assessments will be performed:
PSA and other laboratory blood tests (4 and 6 weeks)
AEs (4 and 6 weeks)
Urinalysis, physical examination, vital signs, ECOG PS, EORTC QLQ-C30 and Pain Response questionnaires (4 weeks only) The decision on whether to proceed with additional administrations will be determined every 6 weeks after administration of the IP, based on investigator's assessment of tolerability. If a patient does not progress to the next dose administration at 8 weeks, a PSA blood sample will be taken.
A tumor response assessment by CT and bone scan, and additional [Ga-68]PSMA-11 PET/CT and FDG-PET scans will be conducted at end of treatment (EOT). All follow up assessments are detailed in the Schedule of Assessments.
All patients will have long term follow-up every 6 months for 2 years after the last dose of IP unless there is death, withdrawal of consent, or loss to follow-up. Patients who are alive at >2 years after the last dose of IP, unless there is death, withdrawal of consent, or loss to follow-up will be offered participation in a long-term follow-up protocol for up to 10 years. In the long-term survival follow-up, the long-term outcome of the known serious risk of myelosuppression, renal failure, xerostomia, xerophthalmia, and their complications; the potential serious signals of secondary malignancies including myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), and acute myeloid leukemia (AML); and other serious adverse reactions, will be monitored.
Patients must meet the following criteria in order to be included in both the Phase 1 and Phase 2a parts of the trial:
Male and ≥ 18 years
Histologically or cytologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate without neuroendocrine differentiation or small cell features at initial diagnosis
Disease progression on any one of the following: prior enzalutamide, abiraterone, apalutamide or related agent therapy as defined by meeting at least one of the following criteria per the investigator in accordance with the Prostate Cancer Working Group 3 (PCWG3) criteria [Scher et al, 2016]:
PSA progression as defined by a minimum of two rising PSA levels at least 1 week apart, ideally three successive measurements
Soft tissue disease progression defined as >20% increase in sum of diameters of all target lesions based on sum of diameters since treatment started or the appearance of 1 or more new lesions by RECIST 1.1
Bone disease progression defined by two or more new lesions on bone scan
Serum testosterone level < 50 ng/dL (< 0.5 ng/mL, < 1.7 nmol/L). Patients may have ongoing androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) with a luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) "super-agonist" or antagonist, and/or be surgically or medically castrated.
Patients must have PSMA positive lesions. These are defined as having Ga 68-PSMA-11 uptake greater than that of liver parenchyma in one or more metastatic lesions of any size in any organ system. PSMA-negative lesions are defined as having PSMA uptake equal to or lower than that of liver parenchyma in any lymph node with a short axis of at least 2.5 cm, in any metastatic solid-organ lesions with a short axis of at least 1.0 cm, or in any metastatic bone lesion with a soft-tissue component of at least 1.0 cm in the short axis.
Patients receiving bisphosphonate therapy must have been on stable doses for at least 4 weeks prior to Day 1
Patients who have received a taxane or are ineligible or choose not to receive taxane-based chemotherapy based on personal preference or physician opinion. Examples of conditions that could make a patient ineligible or refuse to receive taxane-based chemotherapy include the following:
Poor performance status
Prior intolerance to cytotoxic agents
Other serious medical conditions such as symptomatic peripheral neuropathy Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) Grade 2 or higher; or clinically significant cardiovascular disease per the Investigator
ECOG PS of 0 to 2 for Phase 1 and 0 to 1 for Phase 2a
Estimated life expectancy of at least 3 months for Phase 1 and 6 months for Phase 2a as determined by the Investigator.
For patients who have partners of childbearing potential, the partner and/or patient must use a method of birth control with adequate barrier protection, deemed acceptable by the principal investigator during the study and for 3 months after last study drug administration.
Able and willing to provide signed informed consent and comply with protocol requirements
Patients will be excluded from the study if they meet any of the following criteria (applies to both Phase 1 and Phase 2a):
Impaired organ function as evidenced by the following laboratory values at Screening:
Absolute neutrophil count < 1500/μL
Platelet count < 100,000/μL
Hemoglobin < 9.0 g/dL Note: the patient cannot have received blood transfusion or growth factor support in the 2 weeks prior to screening laboratory hematology assessments.
Albumin < 3.0 g/dL (30 g/L)
Total bilirubin > 2 x upper limit of normal (ULN) unless in instances of known or suspected Gilbert's disease
aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) > 2.5 x ULN
Calculated creatinine clearance < 60 mL/min (Cockroft-Gault equation), or currently on renal dialysis
QT interval corrected for heart rate (QTcF) > 470 msec
Known or suspected brain metastasis or active leptomeningeal disease
History of other malignancy within the previous 3 years, except basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma, or non-muscle invasive bladder cancer
History of active thromboembolism within the last 3 months of Day 1
Serious persistent infection within 14 days prior to Day 1
If the patient is known to have a positive polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test for active COVID-19 infection or signs or symptoms consistent with COVID-19, in the absence of a positive PCR test, within 5 days from date of consent
Patients with any medical condition or other circumstances that, in the opinion of the investigator, compromise obtaining reliable data, achieving study objectives, or completing the study
History of congestive heart failure New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III or IV, uncontrolled hypertension or evidence of coronary artery disease (including a myocardial infarction) within the previous 6 months from date of consent
Patients who received any anti-tumor therapy within 4 weeks of Day 1, with the exception of abiraterone, enzalutamide or apalutamide, GnRH therapy and non-radioactive bone-targeted agents
Superscan as evidenced on baseline bone scan
Treatment with Strontium-89, Samarium-153, Rhenium-186, Rhenium-188, Radium-223 within 6 months prior to Day 1
Prior hemi-body irradiation
Prior PSMA-targeted radioligand therapy
Major surgery within 4 weeks of Day 1
Prior systemic beta-emitting bone-seeking radioisotopes
Radiation therapy for treatment of prostate cancer within 4 weeks of Day 1
Use of anticoagulants within 3 months prior to Day 1 for patients with a history of thromboembolic conditions. Note: Patients receiving anticoagulants for atrial fibrillation are eligible for the study so long as they are on a stable dose of anticoagulants
Prior use of any herbal products known to decrease PSA levels (e.g., PC-SPES [prostate cancer hope - dietary supplement] or saw palmetto) within 30 days prior to Day 1
Planned initiation of alternative therapy for prostate cancer, investigational therapy, or participation in clinical trials during the study
Known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) hepatitis B or C infection:
HIV infected patients who are healthy and have a low risk of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)-related outcomes will be included.
Patients with a history of hepatitis B or C will be allowed to enrol if hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA or hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA are undetectable. At this early stage of development, about the main concern is the potential for re-activation or worsening of HBV or HCV from the effect of radiation on lymphocyte function.
Vulnerable patients (the investigator involved in the study or his/her family, research staff or students of the investigator involved in the study)
Implantation of investigational medical device within 4 weeks of Day 1 or current enrolment in oncologic investigational drug or device study
Use of investigational drugs within 4 weeks or less than 5 half-lives of Day 1
Patients are excluded if treatment other than the treatment provided in this study is determined more appropriate as determined by the investigator based on the patient and disease characteristics
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There are 4 Locations for this study
Los Angeles California, 90073, United States More Info
Baltimore Maryland, 20742, United States More Info
Towson Maryland, 21144, United States More Info
Gettysburg Pennsylvania, 17325, United States More Info
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