Prostate Cancer Clinical Trial
Multicohort Phase II Trial of sEphB4-HSA+Pembrolizumab in Solid Tumors
This is a multi-cohort single arm phase II/screening trial of the combination of a fusion protein that binds EphrinB2 and blocks interaction with cell surface EphB receptors (sEphB4-HSA) in combination with an anti-PD1 antibody (MK-7435 / Pembrolizumab) for treatment of patients with specific solid tumors. There will be four cohorts in this trial:
Cohort A, phase II 2nd line trial of sEphB4-HSA and pembrolizumab for platinum refractory metastatic urothelial carcinoma.
Cohort B, phase II 3rd line trial of sEphB4-HSA and pembrolizumab for platinum refractory metastatic urothelial carcinoma.
Cohort C, phase II neoadjuvant trial of sEphB4-HSA and pembrolizumab for locally advanced muscle invasive urothelial carcinoma.
Cohort D, phase II neoadjuvant trial of sEphB4-HSA and pembrolizumab for locally advanced prostate cancer.
I. To describe the toxicity associated with the Pembrolizumab-sEphB4-HSA combination in patients with solid tumors (all Cohorts).
II. To identify a signal of activity for each of 4 cohorts of patients:
To measure the overall survival (OS) in patients with urothelial carcinoma who have previously been treated with one line of platinum-based therapy in advanced/metastatic setting (Cohort A).
To measure the overall survival (OS) in patients with urothelial carcinoma who have previously been treated with at least two lines of therapy, of which at least one is platinum-based, in advanced/metastatic setting (Cohort B).
To measure the pathologic complete response (pCR) rate in patients with newly diagnosed urothelial carcinoma of the bladder (platinum eligible and ineligible) treated in neoadjuvant setting prior to radical cystectomy (Cohort C).
To measure the PSA response rate in patients with newly diagnosed prostate cancer in neoadjuvant setting prior to radical prostatectomy (Cohort D).
I. To measure the progression-free survival (PFS) in Cohorts A and B
II. To measure the disease-free survival (DFS) in Cohorts C and D
III. To measure the objective response rate (ORR) by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1 in Cohorts A and B
IV. To measure the pathologic response rate in newly diagnosed prostate cancer patients in neoadjuvant setting prior to radical prostatectomy in Cohort D
I. To examine programmed cell death 1 (PD-1), programmed cell death 1 ligand 1 (PD-L1), programmed cell death 1 ligand 2 (PD-L2) and EPH receptor B4 (EphB4) expression by tumor cells (TC) as well as immune cells (IC)- macrophages and T cells- in tumor tissue and correlate them with ORR, PFS and OS.
II. To examine the tumor tissue T cell frequency (counts), tumor tissue T cell clonality using T cell receptor (TCR) sequencing, and peripheral blood T cell clonality, pre-treatment and post-treatment and correlate these with ORR, PFS and OS.
III. To measure the phenotype of lymphocytes and myeloid derived suppressor cells (MDSC), in pre and post-treatment blood samples and correlate these with ORR, PFS and OS; an extra blood sample for future studies will also be collected and banked.
IV. To examine peripheral blood circulating tumor cells (CTCs) for enumeration and molecular analysis in pre and post-treatment blood samples, and correlate these with ORR, PFS and OS.
V. To collect and bank tumor tissue. VI. To examine the role of adding positron emission tomography (PET) to a contrast computed tomography (CT) for evaluation of response to treatment.
Patients receive recombinant EphB4-HSA fusion protein intravenously (IV) over 60 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15 and pembrolizumab IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Courses repeat every 3 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 days and then every 6-12 weeks.
Inclusion Criteria (for all Cohorts):
Be willing and able to provide written informed consent/assent for the trial
Have a performance status of 0 or 1 on the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance scale
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500/mcL
Platelets >= 100,000/mcL
Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL or >= 5.6 mmol/L without transfusion or erythropoietin (EPO) dependency (within 7 days of assessment)
Measured or calculated creatinine clearance (glomerular filtration rate [GFR] can also be used in place of creatinine or creatinine clearance [CrCl]) >= 30mL/min for subject with creatinine levels > 1.5 X institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)
Serum total bilirubin =< 1.5 X ULN or direct bilirubin =< ULN for subjects with total bilirubin levels > 1.5 ULN
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 X ULN or =< 5 X ULN for subjects with liver metastases
Albumin >= 2.5 mg/dL
International normalized ratio (INR) or prothrombin time (PT) =< 1.5 X ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or partial thromboplastin time (PTT) is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants
Activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) =< 1.5 X ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or PTT is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants
Recovered to grade 1 from the effects (excluding alopecia) of any prior therapy for their malignancies
Female subject of childbearing potential should have a negative urine or serum pregnancy; if the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required
Female subjects of childbearing potential must be willing to use adequate method of birth control or be surgically sterile, or abstain from heterosexual activity for the course of the study through 120 days after the last dose of study medication; subjects of childbearing potential are those who have not been surgically sterilized or have not been free from menses for > 1 year
Male subjects must agree to use an adequate method of contraception starting with the first dose of study therapy through 120 days after the last dose of study therapy
Criteria specific to 2nd line and 3rd line and beyond cohorts (Cohorts A and B):
Advanced (metastatic or recurrent) pathologically proven urothelial carcinoma which is refractory to platinum based due to disease progression on a platinum containing regimen; patients progressing within 12 months of their last dose of platinum-based neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy will be considered platinum refractory
Have measurable disease based on RECIST 1.1
Be willing to provide tissue from a newly obtained core or excisional biopsy of a tumor lesion; newly-obtained is defined as a specimen obtained for up to 12 weeks (84 days) after discontinuation of previous systemic therapy and prior to initiation of treatment on day 1 on this study; subjects for whom newly-obtained samples cannot be provided (e.g. inaccessible or subject safety concern) may submit an archived specimen only upon agreement from the Sponsor; an optional core biopsy will be requested from an accessible metastatic site after 2 cycles of treatment and prior to progression of disease to help the investigators better understand the activity of these drugs in tumor tissue.
Criteria specific to the neoadjuvant urothelial cohort (Cohort C):
Must have tumor stage ≥T2 AND ≤T4a, N0, M0 (AJCC 8th edition) urothelial carcinoma of the bladder deemed resectable and planned for radical cystectomy with curative intent. T4 due to infiltration of the prostate is allowed.
Must have TURBT specimen obtained within 12 weeks prior to the first day of treatment on the study and the specimen must include muscle. Subjects for whom a TURBT specimen within 12 weeks of C1D1 cannot be provided, but an older specimen is available (e.g. unlikely to be able to obtain adequate specimen or subject safety concern) may submit an archived specimen only upon written agreement from the Sponsor.
Prior intravesical therapy is allowed. However, patients who have received prior systemic therapy within 12 months enrollment are excluded.
Criteria specific to the neoadjuvant prostate cohort (Cohort D):
Must have biopsy proven prostate cancer (Gleason Score ≥7, and PSA >4.0 ng/mL- rare cases can be reviewed and approved with a written agreement from the Sponsor) amenable to radical prostatectomy.
Must have appropriate staging imaging showing no evidence of distant metastatic disease. Choice of imaging is per treating physician- some acceptable imaging examples include MRI of pelvis, CT of abdomen and pelvis, bone scan, Axumin PET CT, and PSMA PET CT. For Cohort D, the imaging studies may be considered valid for enrollment beyond the 28 days at the discretion of the treating physician and no longer than 90 days.
Is currently participating and receiving study therapy or has participated in a study of an investigational agent and received study therapy or used an investigational device within 4 weeks of the first dose of treatment
Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving systemic steroid therapy or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose of trial treatment
Has a known history of active TB (bacillus tuberculosis)
Hypersensitivity to pembrolizumab or any of its excipients
Has had a prior anti-cancer monoclonal antibody (mAb) within 4 weeks prior to study day 1 or who has not recovered (ie, =< grade 1 or at baseline) from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier
Has had prior chemotherapy, targeted small molecule therapy, or radiation therapy within 2 weeks prior to study day 1 or who has not recovered (ie, =< grade 1 or at baseline) from adverse events due to a previously administered agent; Note: subjects with =< grade 2 neuropathy are an exception to this criterion and may qualify for the study; Note: if subject received major surgery, they must have recovered adequately from the toxicity and/or complications from the intervention prior to starting therapy
Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment; exceptions include basal cell carcinoma of the skin or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin that has undergone potentially curative therapy or in situ cervical cancer.
Has known active central nervous system (CNS) metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis; subjects with previously treated brain metastases may participate provided they are stable (without evidence of progression by imaging for at least four weeks prior to the first dose of trial treatment and any neurologic symptoms have returned to baseline), have no evidence of new or enlarging brain metastases, and are not using steroids for at least 7 days prior to trial treatment; this exception does not include carcinomatous meningitis which is excluded regardless of clinical stability
Has active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2 years (i.e. with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs); replacement therapy (eg., thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc) is not considered a form of systemic treatment
Has known history of, or any evidence of active, non-infectious pneumonitis
Has known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the trial
Is pregnant or breastfeeding, or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the trial, starting with the pre-screening or screening visit through 120 days after the last dose of trial treatment
Has received prior therapy with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, or anti-PD-L2 agent, or sEsphB4-HSA
Has a known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (HIV 1/2 antibodies)
Has known active Hepatitis B (eg, hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] reactive) or Hepatitis C (eg, hepatitis C virus [HCV] ribonucleic acid [RNA] [qualitative] is detected)
Has New York Heart Association (NYHA) class 3 or 4, myocardial infarction, acute coronary syndrome, diabetes mellitus with ketoacidosis or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) requiring hospitalization in the preceding 6 months; or any other intercurrent medical condition that contraindicates treatment with sEphB4HSA or pembrolizumab (MK-3475) or places the patient at undue risk for treatment related complications
Has received a live vaccine within 30 days of planned start of study therapy; Note: seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally inactivated flu vaccines and are allowed; however intranasal influenza vaccines (eg, flu-mist) are live attenuated vaccines, and are not allowed
Uncontrolled hypertension is excluded- systolic blood pressure >140mmHg or diastolic >90mmHg. Patients experiencing white coat hypertension in the office, may be considered eligible if blood pressure log at home is within acceptable limits AND upon review and agreement from the Sponsor.
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