Prostate Cancer Clinical Trial

Neo-DAB: Darolutamide and Abemaciclib in Prostate Cancer

Summary

This research study is trying to determine the safety and efficacy of the combination of two oral drugs, abemaciclib and darolutamide, with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) in the treatment of metastatic, non-metastatic, and advanced prostate cancers. The first phase of the study is to establish a recommended dose for the second phase.

The names of the study drugs and interventions involved in this study are:

Darolutamide
Abemaciclib
Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) - this includes several different treatments, including Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone (GnRH) antagonists and agonists

It is expected that about 93 people will take part in the research study.

Treatment is expected to last 6 months with a follow up period of up to 4.5 years.

View Full Description

Full Description

This research study is a Phase I/II clinical trial to determine the safety and efficacy of the combination of abemaciclib and darolutamide with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) in the treatment of metastatic and non-metastatic castration-resistance prostate cancer (CRPC) and for participants with high-risk, localized prostate cancer who will be undergoing radical prostatectomy (RP). A Phase I/II clinical trial tests the safety of investigational drugs with a lead-in phase and attempts to define the maximum tolerated dose of the investigational drugs to use for the second phase. "Investigational" means that the drugs are being studied together for the first time.

The names of the study drugs and interventions involved in this study are:

Darolutamide
Abemaciclib
Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) - this includes several different treatments, including Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone (GnRH) agonists, Leuprolide and Goserelin, and GnRH antagonist, Degarelix

In Phase I, participants will receive abemaciclib in combination with darolutamide and ADT at different dosages.

In Phase II, participants will be randomized into two groups of treatment: abemaciclib, darolutamide, and ADT versus darolutamide and ADT. Randomization means that participants are placed into one of the treatment groups by chance, like flipping a coin.

The U.S Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved androgen deprivation therapy as a treatment for prostate cancer. The FDA has not approved abemaciclib for prostate cancer but it has been approved for other uses. Abemaciclib is approved for use in advanced breast cancer. The FDA has approved darolutamide as a treatment option in men with non-metastatic CRPC but it is not approved in men with metastatic CRPC or localized prostate cancer. Research procedures include screening for eligibility, study treatment including evaluations, blood collection, and radiology scans of the prostate.

It is expected about 93 participants will take part in this research study.

Treatment is expected to last 6 months with a follow up period of up to 4.5 years.

Lilly is supporting this research study by providing funding and the study drug, abemaciclib. Bayer is supporting the study by providing the study drug, darolutamide.

View Eligibility Criteria

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria For Phase 1:

Provision of signed informed consent prior to any study specific procedures, or have a legally authorized representative sign on the participant's behalf.
Ability to swallow oral medications and comply with study procedures and requirements.
Males ≥18 years
Histologically or cytologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate without histologic variants (including neuroendocrine differentiation, small cell, sarcomatoid, ductal adenocarcinoma, squamous or transitional cell carcinoma) comprising >50% of the sample as determined by academic medical center pathology review; men without histologic confirmation are eligible provided there is unequivocal evidence of prostate cancer (eg. very high PSA) in the view of the treating physician.

M0 or M1 (by CT/MRI and bone scans) CRPC with evidence of progression at study entry demonstrated during continuous androgen deprivation therapy (LHRH/GnRH agonists/antagonists/post orchiectomy) and castrate level of serum testosterone (≤50 ng/dl). Progression is defined as one or more of the following:

Sequence of at least 2 rising PSA values at a minimum of 1-week intervals with the last result being at least 1.0 ng/mL if confirmed PSA rise is the only indication of progression. Patients who received an anti-androgen (flutamide, bicalutamide or nilutamide) must have PSA progression ≥4 weeks after the last dose.
Radiographic progression per RECIST 1.1 for soft tissue and/or per PCWG3 for bone (i.e., appearance of ≥2 new bone lesions), with or without PSA progression.
Serum testosterone level must be ≤50 ng/dL (1.73 nmol/L) at the screening visit. Participants who have not undergone bilateral orchiectomy are required to continue LHRH/GnRH agonists/antagonists) throughout the study.
ECOG performance status ≤2 (Karnofsky ≥60%, see Appendix A).

Participants must have adequate organ and marrow function as below:

System Laboratory Value
Hematologic
ANC ≥1.5×109/L
Platelets ≥100×109/L
Hemoglobin ≥9g/dL (≥90g/L) independent of transfusions
Hepatic
Total Bilirubin ≤1.5 × ULN OR <2 × ULN if known or suspected Gilbert's syndrome
ALT and AST ≤3 × ULN OR ≤5 × ULN if liver metastases present
Renal
eGFR ≥30 mL/min/1.73 m2 (based on Cockcroft-Gault formula [Appendix D] OR 24 hour urine collection.
Abbreviations: ALT = alanine aminotransferase; AST = aspartate aminotransferase; ANC = absolute neutrophil count; eGFR = estimated glomerular filtration rate; ULN = upper limit of normal.
The effects of darolutamide and abemaciclib on the developing human fetus are unknown. Participants and their partners must agree to use an effective contraception method (hormonal or barrier method of birth control, or abstinence) during the study and for 3 weeks after the last dose of study treatment (darolutamide and/or abemaciclib) if engaged in sex with a woman of childbearing potential, and participants must not donate sperm during this period. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately.

Inclusion Criteria for Phase 2:

Provision of signed informed consent prior to any study specific procedures, or have a legally authorized representative sign on the participant's behalf.
Ability to swallow oral medications and comply with study procedures and requirements.
Males ≥18 years.
Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate without histologic variants (including neuroendocrine differentiation, small cell, sarcomatoid, ductal adenocarcinoma, squamous or transitional cell carcinoma) comprising >50% of the sample as determined by academic medical center pathology review.
≥3 biopsy cores (either systematic or targeted, or a combination) involved with prostate cancer. Prostate biopsy must have been performed within 6 months of screening. <3 biopsy cores with cancer are allowed if the patient has>1cm of tumor or ≥cT3 disease on MRI prostate.

Participants must have at least 1 biopsy core with either:

Gleason ≥8 OR

Gleason 4+3=7 AND at least one of the following:

PSA >20ng/dL
≥cT3 disease by MRI
Evidence of EPE on biopsy
No evidence of metastatic disease as determined by radionuclide bone scan and CT/MRI, and/or PSMA-PET. Pelvic lymph nodes <2cm in short axis are permitted. If PSMA-PET does not show evidence of metastatic disease, CTMRI and bone scan is required.

Either PSMA-PET or CT/MRI abdomen and bone scan is required before C1D1. NOTE: participants with possible evidence of bone, nodal or visceral metastatic disease on PSMA-PET imaging at baseline (but not CT/MRI or bone scan) are eligible and their participation is encouraged. All participants treated at DFCI must undergo PSMA-PET at baseline or within 28 days of C1D1 (per institutional practice) and will also undergo a research-only PSMA-PET after completion of therapy and prior to RP.

Participants must be candidates for RP and be considered surgically resectable by a Urologist.
ECOG performance status ≤1 (Karnofsky ≥70%, see Appendix A).

Participants must have adequate organ and marrow function as defined below:

System Laboratory Value
Hematologic
ANC ≥1.5×109/L
Platelets ≥100×109/L
Hemoglobin≥9g/dL (≥90g/L) independent of transfusions
Hepatic
Total Bilirubin ≤1.5 × ULN, <2 × ULN if known or suspected Gilbert's syndrome
ALT and AST ≤3 × ULN
Renal
eGFR ≥30 mL/min/1.73 m2 (based on Cockcroft-Gault formula [Appendix D] OR 24 hour urine collection.
Abbreviations: ALT = alanine aminotransferase; AST = aspartate aminotransferase; ANC = absolute neutrophil count; eGFR = estimated glomerular filtration rate; ULN = upper limit of normal.
The effects of darolutamide and abemaciclib on the developing human fetus are unknown. Participants and their partners must agree to use an effective contraception method (hormonal or barrier method of birth control, or abstinence) during the study and for 3 weeks after the last dose of study treatment (darolutamide and/or abemaciclib) if engaged in sex with a woman of childbearing potential, and participants must not donate sperm during this period. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately.

Exclusion Criteria for Phase 1:

Participants who have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 4 weeks prior to planned cycle 1 day 1 of study treatment.
Participants who have received anti-neoplastic intervention or experimental antineoplastic therapy within 14 days of planned cycle 1 day 1 of study therapy.
Participants who are receiving any other investigational agents.
Participants who have previously received darolutamide, abemaciclib or another CDK4/6 inhibitor.
Participants who have not recovered from adverse events due to prior anti-cancer therapy (i.e. have residual toxicities ≥Grade 2) with the exception of alopecia.

Any of the following within 6 months before planned cycle 1 day 1 of study therapy:

Stroke
Myocardial infarction
Severe/unstable angina pectoris
Coronary/peripheral artery bypass graft
Congestive heart failure New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class III or IV.
Known or suspected contraindications, hypersensitivity or allergy to darolutamide or abemaciclib or to any of their excipients.
Participants with hepatitis C, hepatitis B or human immunodeficiency (HIV) who are on anti-viral therapy that has the potential to interact with darolutamide or abemaciclib.
Participants with untreated brain metastases. Participants with treated brain metastases are eligible if follow-up brain imaging at least 4 weeks after central nervous system (CNS)-directed therapy shows no evidence of progression and ongoing corticosteroids are not required. Participants with new or progressive brain metastases (active brain metastases) or leptomeningeal disease are eligible if the treating physician determines that immediate CNS specific treatment is not required and is unlikely to be required during the first cycle of therapy.
Participants treated with drugs known to be strong inhibitors and/or inducers of cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) and the treatment cannot be discontinued or switched to a different medication at least 5 half-lives prior to starting study drug.

NOTE: precaution is warranted with concomitant use of agents with a narrow therapeutic index that are substrates of P-gp, BCRP and OCT1.

Because the lists of these agents are constantly changing, it is important to regularly consult a frequently-updated medical reference. As part of the enrollment/informed consent procedures, the participant will be counseled on the risk of interactions with other agents, and what to do if new medications need to be prescribed or if the participant is considering a new over-the-counter medicine or herbal product.

The participant has serious and/or uncontrolled preexisting medical condition(s) that, in the judgment of the investigator, would preclude participation in this study (for example, interstitial lung disease, severe dyspnea at rest or requiring oxygen therapy, severe renal impairment [e.g. estimated creatinine clearance <30ml> Concurrent active malignancy whose natural history or treatment has the potential to interfere with safety or efficacy assessment of the investigational regimen. Patients with non-melanomatous skin cancer, superficial bladder cancer, cancer not needing active therapy for at least 2 years, cancer for which the treating investigator deems the subject to be in remission, or any prior malignancy that was treated with curative intent (no evidence of disease for at least 3 years) are permitted to enroll.

Exclusion Criteria for Phase 2:

3.4.1 Prior radiotherapy, bilateral orchiectomy, investigational therapy or systemic therapy (including LHRH/GnRH agonists/antagonists, anti-androgens, CYP17 inhibitors, AR antagonists) for prostate cancer. LHRH/GnRH agonists/antagonists are permitted if begun within 4 weeks of day 1; up to 4 weeks of bicalutamide is permitted if it is stopped 2 weeks prior to day 1. Prior therapy with 5-⍺-reductase inhibitors is allowed but must be stopped 2 weeks prior to day 1.
Hypogonadism or severe androgen deficiency as defined by screening serum testosterone < 200ng/dL. Patients who have a low screening testosterone due to prior ADT (per 3.4.1) will still be allowed to enroll on study if they do not have a known history of hypogonadism or severe androgen deficiency.
Major surgery or radiotherapy within 4 weeks of start of treatment.

Any of the following within 6 months before randomization:

Stroke
Myocardial infarction
Severe/unstable angina pectoris
Coronary/peripheral artery bypass graft
Congestive heart failure New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class III or IV.
Known or suspected contraindications, hypersensitivity or allergy to darolutamide or abemaciclib or to any of their excipients.
Participants with hepatitis C, hepatitis B or human immunodeficiency (HIV) who are on anti-viral therapy that has the potential to interact with darolutamide or abemaciclib.
Patient treated with drugs known to be moderate or strong inhibitors or inducers of cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) and the treatment cannot be discontinued or switched to a different medication at least 5 half-lives prior to starting study drug.

NOTE: precaution is warranted with concomitant use of agents with a narrow therapeutic index that are substrates of CYP3A4, P-gp, BCRP and OCT1.

Because the lists of these agents are constantly changing, it is important to regularly consult a frequently-updated medical reference. As part of the enrollment/informed consent procedures, the participant will be counseled on the risk of interactions with other agents, and what to do if new medications need to be prescribed or if the participant is considering a new over-the-counter medicine or herbal product.

The participant has serious and/or uncontrolled preexisting medical condition(s) that, in the judgment of the investigator, would preclude participation in this study (for example, interstitial lung disease, severe dyspnea at rest or requiring oxygen therapy, severe renal impairment [e.g. estimated creatinine clearance <30ml> Concurrent active malignancy whose natural history or treatment has the potential to interfere with safety or efficacy assessment of the investigational regimen. Patients with non-melanomatous skin cancer, superficial bladder cancer, cancer not needing active therapy for at least 2 years, cancer for which the treating investigator deems the subject to be in remission, or any prior malignancy that was treated with curative intent (no evidence of disease for at least 3 years) are permitted to enroll.

Study is for people with:

Prostate Cancer

Phase:

Phase 1

Estimated Enrollment:

93

Study ID:

NCT05617885

Recruitment Status:

Not yet recruiting

Sponsor:

Praful Ravi

Check Your Eligibility

Let’s see if you might be eligible for this study.

What is your age and gender ?

Submit

There is 1 Location for this study

See Locations Near You

Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Boston Massachusetts, 02215, United States More Info
Praful Ravi, MB BChir, MRCP
Contact
617-632-3466
[email protected]

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

Study is for people with:

Prostate Cancer

Phase:

Phase 1

Estimated Enrollment:

93

Study ID:

NCT05617885

Recruitment Status:

Not yet recruiting

Sponsor:


Praful Ravi

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

×

Introducing, the Journey Bar

Use this bar to access information about the steps in your cancer journey.