Acute Myeloid Leukemia Clinical Trial
Cytokine-Induced Memory-Like Natural Killer Cells (CIML-NK) for Relapsed & Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)
The objective of this study is to demonstrate that cytokine-induced memory-like natural killer cells can be generated from donor cells and infused safely into patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML). A secondary objective is to assess efficacy of the CIML-NK cells in treating AML.
The goal of treatment of relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is to achieve remission and proceed to hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT). Unfortunately, standard protocols have limited success. In this study the investigators will identify patients with relapsed or refractory AML who are unlikely to benefit from standard chemotherapy protocols and do not qualify for, or do not wish to participate in, institutional chemotherapy trials. Peripheral blood from a related haploidentical donor will be collected for the isolation of natural killer (NK) cells. NK cells will be induced into a memory-like state using cytokine supplementation only. In this Phase I/II study, Patients will receive a lymphodepleting chemotherapy regimen, after which the cytokine-induced memory-like NK cells (CIML-NKs) will be infused. The primary study endpoint is the feasibility and safety of infusion of the cells. The secondary endpoints are efficacy, as measured by clinical response per standard CR/CRi criteria and ability to subsequently undergo allogeneic HSCT, and the persistence of memory-like NK cells in the blood as measured by flow cytometry.
Of age ≥ 18 years of age at the time of study enrollment
With AML diagnosed per 2016 WHO criteria (11)
With relapsed or refractory AML in their bone marrow
Refractory disease: Patients must have ≥ 5% blasts in the bone marrow after 2 courses of intensive induction treatment
Relapsed disease: Patients must have ≥ 5% blasts in the bone marrow, or reappearance of blasts in the blood, within 6 months of initial CR
With available haploidentical related donors. Donor specific antibody (DSA) testing will be done on the recipient prior to or upon enrollment.
With performance level of ≥ 50% on Karnofsky scale for patients > 16 years of age and ≥ 50% on Lansky scale for patients ≤ 16 years of age
Disease: isolated central nervous system (CNS) disease, or isolated extramedullary disease, or diagnosis of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APML). Patients with extramedullary disease in combination with bone marrow disease are eligible for enrollment.
Infectious Disease: Active uncontrolled infection
Renal function: radioisotope determined Glomerular Function Rate <50 mL/min/1.73m2
Cardiac function: Systolic ejection fraction <45% by echocardiogram
Pulmonary Function: Oxygen saturation <92% on room air
Hepatic function: Total bilirubin > 2mg/dL, AST and ALT more than three times the upper limit of normal
Concomitant medications: receiving either >10mg prednisone equivalent daily, or >0.5mg/kg prednisone equivalent daily, whichever is less
Concomitant investigational treatments: receiving other investigational therapies
Known allergy or hypersensitivity reaction to IL-2 injections
Pregnant or breastfeeding women will not be entered on this study due to risks of fetal and teratogenic adverse events with lymphodepleting chemotherapy. Pregnancy tests must be obtained for female patients. Males or females of reproductive potential may not participate unless they have agreed to use an effective contraceptive method while on study treatment and for six months following completion. Effective contraceptive methods include oral contraceptive pills, patches, or injections, intrauterine devices, having a tubal ligation, having a partner who has had a vasectomy, or not having sex.
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