Acute Myeloid Leukemia Clinical Trial
Decitabine/Cedazuridine and Venetoclax in Combination With Ivosidenib or Enasidenib for the Treatment of Relapsed or Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia
This phase Ib/II trials studies the side effects of decitabine/cedazuridine (ASTX727) and venetoclax in combination with ivosidenib or enasidenib, and how well they work in treating patients with acute myeloid leukemia that has come back (relapsed) or does not respond to treatment (refractory). ASTX727 is the combination of a fixed dose of 2 drugs, cedazuridine and decitabine. Cedazuridine may slow down how fast decitabine is broken down by the body, and decitabine may block abnormal cells or cancer cells from growing. Venetoclax may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking BCL-2, a protein needed for cancer cell survival. Enasidenib and ivosidenib may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Giving decitabine/cedazuridine and venetoclax in combination with ivosidenib or enasidenib may help control acute myeloid leukemia.
I. To determine the safety and tolerability and recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) of oral decitabine/cedazuridine (ASTX727) and venetoclax in combination with either ivosidenib (Arm A) or enasidenib (Arm B) for patients with acute myeloid leukemia. (Phase Ib) II. To determine the overall response rate (complete response [CR], complete remission with incomplete hematologic recovery [CRh], morphologic leukemia-free state [MLFS] and partial response [PR)] of oral decitabine/cedazuridine (ASTX727) and venetoclax in combination with either ivosidenib (Arm A) or enasidenib (Arm B) for patients with acute myeloid leukemia. (Phase 2)
I. To determine duration of response (DOR), event-free survival (EFS), and overall survival (OS).
II. To evaluate occurrence of minimal residual disease (MRD) negative status by multiparameter flow cytometry and molecular evaluation.
I. To investigate global gene expression profiles, deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) methylation profiles, BH3 profiling and other potential prognostic markers to explore predictors of antitumor activity and/or resistance to treatment.
OUTLINE: Patients are assigned to 1 of 2 arms.
ARM A: Patients receive decitabine/cedazuridine orally (PO) daily on days 1-5, venetoclax PO daily on days 1-14, and ivosidenib PO daily on days 1-28. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 12 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
ARM B: Patients receive decitabine/cedazuridine PO daily on days 1-5, venetoclax PO daily on days 1-14, and enasidenib PO daily on days 1-28. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 12 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months.
Patients with a diagnosis of relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML) (including biphenotypic or bilineage leukemia including a myeloid component or isolated extramedullary AML); OR
Patients (> 60 year old) with newly diagnosed AML not eligible for intensive chemotherapy are also eligible
Age >= 18 years
Subjects must have documented IDH1 or IDH2 gene mutation
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 2
Adequate renal function including creatinine < 2 unless related to the disease
Direct bilirubin < 2 x upper limit of normal (ULN) unless increase is due to Gilbert's disease or leukemic involvement
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and/or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) < 3 x ULN unless considered due to leukemic involvement, in which case direct bilirubin or AST and/or ALT < 5 x ULN will be considered eligible)
In the absence of rapidly proliferative disease, the interval from prior treatment to time of initiation will be at least 7 days for cytotoxic or non-cytotoxic (immunotherapy agent(s). Oral hydroxyurea and/or cytarabine (up to 2 g/m^2) for patients with rapidly proliferative disease is allowed before the start of study therapy, as needed, for clinical benefit and after discussion with the principle investigator (PI). Concurrent therapy for central nervous system (CNS) prophylaxis or continuation of therapy for controlled CNS disease is permitted
Male subjects who are sexually active with a women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) and who have not had vasectomies must be willing to use a barrier method of contraception and refrain from sperm donation from initial study drug until 90 days after last dose of study drug
Willing and able to provide informed consent
Patients with t(15;17) karyotypic abnormality or acute promyelocytic leukemia (French-American-British [FAB] class M3-AML)
Patients with any concurrent uncontrolled clinically significant medical condition including life-threatening severe infection, or psychiatric illness, which could place the patient at unacceptable risk of study treatment
Patients with active graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD) status post stem cell transplant (patients without active GVHD on chronic suppressive immunosuppression and/or phototherapy for chronic skin GVHD are permitted after discussion with the PI)
Patients with any severe gastrointestinal or metabolic condition which could interfere with the absorption of oral study medications
Corrected QT (QTc) interval using Fridericia's formula (QTcF) >= 450 msec. Bundle branch block and prolonged QTc interval are permitted after discussion with the PI
Known active hepatitis B (HBV) or hepatitis C (HCV) infection or known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection
Subject has a white blood cell count > 25 x 10^9/L. (Note: Hydroxyurea is permitted to meet this criterion)
Nursing women, women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) with positive urine pregnancy test, or women of childbearing potential who are not willing to maintain adequate contraception
Appropriate highly effective method(s) of contraception include oral or injectable hormonal birth control, intrauterine device (IUD), and double barrier methods (for example a condom in combination with a spermicide)
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