Acute Myeloid Leukemia Clinical Trial

Evaluation of Broccoli Seed and Sprout Extract for Detoxification of Carcinogens in Firefighters

Summary

This phase II trial tests how well broccoli seed and sprout extract (BSSE) also called Avmacol extra strength (ES) works to help break down (detoxification) some of the cancer-causing chemicals (carcinogens) that firefighters are exposed to in order to help protect cells from smoke damage. Firefighters are routinely exposed to carcinogens during the course of their daily duties particularly from smoke exposure arising from active fire rescue, structural or incidental firefighting or burning, as well as flashover training. Flashover training simulator has been specifically designed for observation and recognition of fire behavior from rollover to flashover by varying fuel loading and altering ventilation. The simulator contains the fire behavior prop with smoke coming out and air being drawn in. All fires, including those in flashover training, release toxic and carcinogenic substances. These substances, many of which are known carcinogens, increase the risk of cancer in firefighters. Several studies to date have demonstrated that firefighters are at an increased risk of developing various malignancies including melanoma, multiple myeloma, acute myeloid leukemia, prostate, kidney, brain, and respiratory tract cancers among others. Broccoli extract has the potential to effectively enhance detoxification. This study may help researchers learn how BSSE can help break down chemicals that firefighters are exposed to during flashover training to help protect their cells from smoke-damage and reduce cancer risk.

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Full Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

I. To determine whether BSSE increases the urinary excretion of mercapturic acids of the flashover training carcinogen benzene in healthy, incumbent firefighters.

SEONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate whether BSSE increases urinary excretion of metabolites of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs).

II. To evaluate the bioavailability of BSSE measured as sulforaphane (SF) metabolites and assess its association with BSSE-induced detoxification of carcinogens.

III. To evaluate the safety and tolerability of BSSE.

EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine whether the GSTM1 and GSTT1 genotypes are important genetic modulators of BSSE-induced detoxification of carcinogens.

II. To evaluate the effects of BSSE on flashover training-induced metabolomic changes.

OUTLINE: Participants are randomized to 1 of 2 groups.

GROUP I (BSSE-PLACEBO): Participants receive BSSE orally (PO) daily (QD) for 7-10 days then undergo the first flashover training between day 7-10 of agent intervention. Participants then receive placebo PO QD for 7-10 days then undergo second flashover training after a washout period of 2 weeks to 3 months. Participants also undergo urine sample collection throughout the study.

GROUP II (PLACEBO-BSSE): Participants receive placebo PO QD for 7-10 days then undergo the first flashover training between day 7-10 of agent intervention. Participants then receive BSSE for 7-10 days then undergo second flashover training after a washout period of 2 weeks to 3 months. Participants also undergo urine sample collection throughout the study.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 1-2 weeks.

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Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Male or female incumbent firefighters who are current non-smokers.
Age >=18 years.
Karnofsky performance scale >= 70%
Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,000/microliter
Platelets >= 100,000/microliter
Total bilirubin =< 2 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)(serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT)(serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase [SGPT]) =< 3 x ULN
Creatinine =< 1.5 x ULN
Participants on chronic suppressive antiviral therapy for herpes simplex virus (HSV) are eligible.
The effects of BSSE on the developing human fetus at the recommended therapeutic dose are unknown. For this reason, women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her study physician immediately.
Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.

Exclusion Criteria:

History of invasive cancer within the past 2 years, except for excised and cured nonmelanoma skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix. Participants who continue adjuvant treatment for an index cancer occurring > 2 years ago, such as adjuvant hormonal therapy for breast cancer, are excluded. Participants who are on anti-neoplastic treatment for a chronic malignancy, such as multiple myeloma or chronic myelogenous leukemia, are excluded.
Chronic, current or recent (within the past 2 weeks) use of systemic steroid doses equivalent to prednisone > 5 mg daily for continued use > 14 days. Use of inhaled steroids, nasal sprays, and topical creams for small body areas (< 10% body surface area) is allowed.
Participants may not be receiving any other investigational agents.
History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to Avmacol ES (BSSE).
Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, serious ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, or cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
Pregnant or lactating women. Pregnant women are excluded from this study because the effects of BSSE on the developing human fetus are unknown. Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events (AEs) in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with BSSE, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with BSSE.
Participants with known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV), or hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Participants with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), HBV and HCV are excluded from this study because there is no information regarding the impact of anti-viral drugs on the bioavailability of Avmacol ES. SF is known to modulate certain phase 1 and phase 2 enzymes involved in drug metabolism. The potential for SF to alter the metabolism (either by increasing or decreasing) of antiviral therapy could have an effect on the efficacy of the pharmaceuticals to keep viral titers low and the disease under control. Since many of the drugs used in therapies of these viral infections have extensive CYP450 enzymatic impact and BSSE has its own enzymatic properties, there is concern for drug-to-drug interactions.
Ongoing use of any supplements containing active compounds in cruciferous vegetables such as SF and GR. The use of supplements related to the study agent may confound the study endpoints. Participant will be eligible if they agree to stop the SF or GR product at least 14 days prior to the intervention period 1, baseline visit

Study is for people with:

Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Phase:

Phase 2

Estimated Enrollment:

56

Study ID:

NCT06009926

Recruitment Status:

Recruiting

Sponsor:

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

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There is 1 Location for this study

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University of Arizona Cancer Center - Prevention Research Clinic
Tucson Arizona, 85719, United States More Info
Malvi Savani
Contact
520-626-8096
[email protected]
Malvi Savani
Principal Investigator

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

Study is for people with:

Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Phase:

Phase 2

Estimated Enrollment:

56

Study ID:

NCT06009926

Recruitment Status:

Recruiting

Sponsor:


National Cancer Institute (NCI)

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

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