Acute Myeloid Leukemia Clinical Trial
Nivolumab and Oral Cyclophosphamide for R/R AML and HIgh Risk MDS
This is a phase II trial of nivolumab and low dose cyclophosphamide (CTX) when given in combination to patients with relapsed/refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and higher-risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) who are not eligible for or decline hematopoietic stem cell transplant. It includes a randomized pilot sub-study during stage 1.
â‰¥18 years of age
Meets one of the following disease criteria:
Primary (de novo) AML or higher-risk MDS with induction failure: No CR after 2 or more induction attempts with high dose chemotherapy or hypomethylating agents or other agents; no CR after 1 induction attempt and not eligible for a 2nd induction.. Higher risk MDS defined as risk score > 4.5 based on the revised IPSS criteria.
Secondary AML (from antecedent hematologic malignancy or treatment-related): Not in CR after 1 or more cycles of chemotherapy.
Relapsed AML: Blasts â‰¥5% in bone marrow or peripheral blood after prior attainment of CR; relapse at any time but currently â‰¥100 days following allogeneic HCT.
Relapsed MDS: Morphologic evidence of relapse or increase in blasts â‰¥5% in bone marrow or peripheral blood after prior attainment of hematologic improvement; or partial or complete response ; relapse at any time but currently â‰¥100 days following allogeneic HCT..
ECOG Performance Status â‰¤ 2 - refer to Appendix II
Adequate organ function within 14 days of study registration defined as:
Absolute Lymphocyte Count: â‰¥ 500 cells/mm3
Hepatic: total bilirubin â‰¤ 3 x upper limit of institutional normal (ULN); ALT and AST â‰¤ 5 x ULN
Renal: Serum creatinine â‰¤ 2 mg/dL
Pulmonary: No oxygen requirement on room air or requiring â‰¤ 2L supplemental O2
Sexually active females of child bearing potential and males with partners of child bearing potential must agree to use effective contraception during therapy and continuing (23 weeks for females, 31 weeks for males) after the last dose of nivolumab
Voluntary written consent
Pregnant or breastfeeding -The agents used in this study fall under Pregnancy Category D - Drugs which have caused, are suspected to have caused or may be expected to cause, an increased incidence of human fetal malformations or irreversible damage. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test (urine or serum) within 7 days of study drug administration.
Prior allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation within previous 100 days (note patients with a prior alloHSCT receive nivolumab at the reduced dose of 1 mg/kg)
Signs or symptoms of active graft versus host disease
Active pneumonitis or uncontrolled infection
Received chemotherapy drugs within previous 2 weeks
Estimated life expectancy <28 days in the opinion of the enrolling investigator
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There is 1 Location for this study
Minneapolis Minnesota, 55455, United States
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