Acute Myeloid Leukemia Clinical Trial
PET/MRI, 18F-FDG PET/CT and Whole Body MRI in Finding Extramedullary Myeloid Leukemia in Patients With Newly Diagnosed Acute Myeloid Leukemia
This pilot phase I trial studies how well positron emission tomography (PET)/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), fludeoxyglucose F-18 (18F-FDG) PET/computed tomography (CT), and whole body MRI work in finding extramedullary myeloid leukemia in patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia. Extramedullary myeloid leukemia is a type of cancer found outside of the bone marrow and can be hard to detect with routine bone marrow monitoring, such as bone marrow aspirations. Diagnostic procedures, such as PET/MRI, 18F-FDG PET/CT and whole body MRI, may help find and diagnose extramedullary myeloid leukemia in patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia.
I. To estimate the incidence of extramedullary myeloid leukemia (EML) in patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML), including acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL), by imaging criteria using PET/MR (magnetic resonance), whole body MR, and PET/CT.
I. To qualitatively and quantitatively assess PET/MR and PET/CR that will be performed with and without fiducial markers, and to correlate these findings with clinical outcomes of treatment response, relapse, and patterns of relapse.
II. Correlate findings of EML as in the primary objectives with clinical outcomes of treatment response, relapse, and patterns of relapse including location of relapse compared to site of EML.
Patients receive gadolinium intravenously (IV) and undergo whole body PET/MRI comprising diffusion weighted imaging and 3-dimentional (3D) fast spoiled gradient echo dual echo (FSPGR-DE) with and without fiducial markers. Patients then undergo 18F-FDG PET/CT before start treatment for acute myeloid leukemia.
After completion of study, patients are followed up periodically.
Patients with newly diagnosed AML or acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL)
Women of child bearing potential with negative pregnancy test documented
Patients with contraindications to MR
Patients with a creatinine clearance less than 60
Patients with a known allergy to MR contrast agents
Recipients of more than minimal anti-leukemia treatment, with minimal treatment defined as: leukapheresis, hydroxyurea, or Cytarabine more than 1 g per square meter.
Patients with secondary or relapsed AML or APL should be excluded.
Patients with known extramedullary leukemia
Positive pregnancy test
Younger than 18 years
Greater than 400 pounds in weight
Patients with uncontrolled diabetes
Cognitive impaired adults or prisoners will be excluded
Check Your Eligibility
Let’s see if you might be eligible for this study.
What is your age and gender ?
There is 1 Location for this study
Houston Texas, 77030, United States
How clear is this clinincal trial information?
Introducing, the Journey Bar
Use this bar to access information about the steps in your cancer journey.