Acute Myeloid Leukemia Clinical Trial

Pilot Study of Memory-like Natural Killer (ML NK) Cells After TCRαβ T Cell Depleted Haploidentical Transplant in AML

Summary

This phase I/II pilot study aims to enhance the effectiveness of stem cell transplant for children and young adults with high-risk acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Patients will undergo a stem cell transplant from a half-matched family donor. One week later, patients will receive an additional infusion of immune cells and a drug called interleukin-2.

To mitigate the potential complications associated with graft-versus-host-disease, the donated stem cell product undergoes a process that removes a specific type of immune cell. After transplant, recipients are administered additional immune cells known as memory-like natural killer (ML NK) cells. These cells are derived by converting conventional natural killer cells obtained from the donor.

The infusion of a modified stem cell product, along with administration of ML NK cells may help prevent the development of GvHD while simultaneously improving the efficacy of the treatment.

View Eligibility Criteria

Eligibility Criteria

Patient Inclusion Criteria:

High risk acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in either:

Complete remission (CR) per ELN criteria as defined by < 5% marrow blasts by morphology in the context of hematological recovery (ANC ≥ 0.5× 10^9/L, platelet count ≥ 50 × 10^9/L).
Morphological leukemia free state (MLFS), per ELN criteria defined by the lack of hematological recovery, < 5% marrow blasts by morphology with at least 200 nucleated cells present in the bone marrow aspirate.

Patients must further meet one of the below for inclusion into the study:

De novo AML in CR1 with any of the following high-risk features:

MRD ≥ 1% after first induction course
MRD ≥ 0.1% after second induction course
RPN1-MECOM
RUNX1-MECOM
NPM1-MLF1
DEK-NUP214
KAT6A-CREBBP (if ≥ 90 days at diagnosis)
FUS-ERG
KMT2A-AFF1
KMT2A-AFDN
KMT2A-ABI1
KMT2A-MLLT1
11p15 rearrangement (NUP98 - any partner gene)
12p13.2 rearrangement (ETV6 - any partner gene)
Deletion 12p to include 12p13.2 (loss of ETV6)
Monosomy 5/Del(5q) to include 5q31 (loss of EGR1)
Monosomy 7
10p12.3 rearrangement (MLLT10b - any partner gene)
FLT3/ITD with allelic ratio > 0.1%, without bZIP CEBPA or NPM1
RAM phenotype as evidenced by flow cytometry
Other high-risk features not explicitly stated here, after discussion/approval with protocol PI.
De novo AML in ≥ CR2
Therapy-related AML in CR1
AML evolving from myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS)
Prior hematopoietic cell transplant is allowed, provided remission criteria as defined above are met.
No more than 30 years of age.
Lansky (<16 years) or Karnofsky (≥16 years) performance status of >60%.

Adequate organ function as defined below:

Total bilirubin ≤ 3 x IULN for age
AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) ≤ 5 x IULN for age
GFR ≥ 60 mL/min/1.73m2 as estimated by (1) updated Schwartz formula for ages 1-17 years or Cockcroft-Gault formula for ages ≥ 18 years, (2) 24-hour creatinine clearance, or (3) renal scintigraphy. If GFR is abnormal for age based on updated Schwartz or Cockcroft-Gault formula, accurate measurement should be obtained by either 24-hour creatinine clearance or renal scintigraphy.
Renal function may also be estimated by serum creatinine based on age/gender. A serum creatinine < 2 x IULN for age/gender is required for inclusion on this protocol.
Adequate cardiac function, defined by left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) at rest ≥50% or shortening fraction (SF) ≥27% (via echocardiogram or MUGA).

Adequate pulmonary function, defined by:

FEV1, FVC, and DLCO ≥50% of predicted.
O2 saturation ≥ 92% on room air by pulse oximetry and no supplemental O2 at rest for children < 8 years of age or those unable to perform pulmonary function testing (PFT). For children unable to perform PFT, a high-resolution CT chest should be obtained.
The effects of these treatments on the developing human fetus are unknown. For this reason, women of childbearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control, abstinence) prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation, and for 24 months following transplant. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she must inform her treating physician immediately.
Ability to understand and willingness to sign an IRB approved written informed consent document, or patient has a guardian who has the ability to understand and willingness to sign an IRB approved written informed consent document.
Available familial haploidentical donor. The HCT donor must be available and willing to undergo 2 leukapheresis procedures: (I) one mobilized collection for the HPC graft and (II) one non-mobilized leukapheresis collection for the manufacturing of ML NK cells.
Donor and recipient must be identical at a minimum of one allele of each of the following genetic loci: HLA-A, HLA-B, HLA-Cw, HLA-DRB1, and HLA- DQB1. A minimum of 5/10 match is required and will be considered sufficient evidence that the donor and recipient share one HLA haplotype.

Patient Exclusion Criteria:

Active GvHD. If patient had prior GvHD, patient must be off immunosuppression for at least 3 months prior to starting study treatment.
Active non-hematologic malignancy. History of other malignancy is acceptable as long as therapy has been completed and there is no current evidence of disease.
Currently receiving any other investigational agents.
Active CNS or extramedullary disease. History of CNS or extramedullary disease currently in remission is acceptable.
A history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to agents used in the study.
Inability to discontinue medications that are likely to interfere with ML NK cell activity, i.e., glucocorticoids and other immunosuppressants.
Presence of significant anti-donor HLA antibodies per institutional standards. Anti-donor HLA - Antibody Testing is defined as a positive crossmatch test of any titer (by complement dependent cytotoxicity or flow cytometric testing) or the mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) of any anti-donor HLA antibody by solid phase immunoassay > 3000.
Presence of a second major disorder deemed a contraindication for HCT.
Patients with Fanconi Anemia or Down Syndrome.
Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection (bacterial, viral with clinical instability, or fungal), symptomatic congestive heart failure, or unstable cardiac arrhythmia.
Pregnant and/or breastfeeding. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test within 14 days of the start of conditioning.

Donor Eligibility Criteria

Donor must be at least 18 years of age.
Donor must be HLA haploidentical (≥ 5/10 and ≤ 9/10 allele match at the -A, -B, -C, DRB1 and DQ loci) by high resolution typing and related to the patient.
Donor must meet the selection criteria as defined by the Foundation for the Accreditation of Hematopoietic Cell Therapy (FACT).
Donor must be available and willing to undergo one mobilized and one non-mobilized leukapheresis procedure.
Donor may not be pregnant and/or breastfeeding. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test within 30 days prior to apheresis.
Donor must be able to understand and willing to sign an IRB-approved written informed consent document.

Study is for people with:

Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Phase:

Phase 1

Estimated Enrollment:

48

Study ID:

NCT06158828

Recruitment Status:

Not yet recruiting

Sponsor:

Washington University School of Medicine

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There is 1 Location for this study

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Washington University School of Medicine
Saint Louis Missouri, 63110, United States More Info
Thomas M Pfeiffer, M.D.
Contact
314-273-2070
[email protected]
Jeffrey Bednarski, M.D., Ph.D.
Contact
314-286-2825
[email protected]
Thomas M Pfeiffer, M.D.
Principal Investigator
Amanda Cashen, M.D.
Sub-Investigator
Todd Fehniger, M.D., Ph.D.
Sub-Investigator
Jeffrey Bednarski, M.D., Ph.D.
Sub-Investigator
Shalini Shenoy, M.D.
Sub-Investigator
Robert Hayashi, M.D.
Sub-Investigator
Melissa Mavers, M.D., Ph.D.
Sub-Investigator
Rachel Langley, PharmD
Sub-Investigator
Feng Gao, Ph.D.
Sub-Investigator

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

Study is for people with:

Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Phase:

Phase 1

Estimated Enrollment:

48

Study ID:

NCT06158828

Recruitment Status:

Not yet recruiting

Sponsor:


Washington University School of Medicine

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

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