Breast Cancer Clinical Trial
A Study of U3-1402 in Subjects With Metastatic Breast Cancer
This study is to evaluate safety and efficacy of an antibody drug conjugate U3-1402 in patients with locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer (MBC).
U3-1302 is an antibody drug conjugate comprising a recombinant fully human anti HER3 monoclonal antibody linked to a linker containing topoisomerase I inhibitor. This study is a phase II study of U3-1402 in subjects with MBC who have received no prior anti HER2 therapy. The study will be conducted in 3 parts (Part A, Part B, and Part Z). All enrolled subjects in part A will undergo pretreatment biopsies to determine if subjects with particular biomarker expression (ER/PR/HER2/HER3) show preliminary efficacy after an analysis is performed at 24 weeks. Part B will enroll subgroups of subjects that will be defined from part A based on ER/PR/HER2/HER3 expression and will be evaluated for efficacy analysis. Part Z will enroll additional 21 subjects with HER2+ MBC.
Patients must meet the following criteria in order to be included in the research study:
Written informed consent, according to local guidelines, signed and dated by the patient or by a legal guardian prior to the performance of any study-specific procedures, sampling, or analyses
Women and men at least 18 years-of-age at the time of signature of the informed consent form (ICF)
Histologically documented locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer
Triple-negative breast cancer patients should have received at least 1 but no more than 3 prior lines of chemotherapy in the metastatic setting
Parts A and B (HER2-negative, ER-positive) patients only: HR+ breast cancer patients should have received prior treatment with endocrine therapy +CDK 4/6 inhibitor. No limit to prior endocrine therapy regimens but no more than 2 prior chemotherapy regimens in the metastatic setting
Part Z patients only should have documented HER2-positive expression as per American Society of Clinical Oncology - College of American Pathologists guidelines based on local testing.
Part Z patients only should have had prior treatment with at least 2 anti-HER2 therapies, 1 of which must be T-DXd. These patients must have experienced disease progression after receiving T-DXd.
Measurable disease per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) v1.1 (bone-only disease excluded)
Patients who have received radiation or surgery for brain metastases are eligible if therapy was completed ≥4 weeks prior to initiation of study treatment (2 weeks for patients who received palliative radiation therapy), there is no evidence of central nervous system disease progression on a scan or mild neurologic symptoms, and there is no requirement for chronic corticosteroid therapy for the treatment of brain metastases
Willingness to undergo pre-treatment biopsy and on-treatment biopsies. Must have a tumor amenable to pre-treatment biopsy (unless archived tissue is available and was obtained within 2 months prior to starting treatment) and on-treatment biopsy (excludes bone lesions and previously irradiated lesions).
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status score of 0 or 1
Has adequate organ function within 7 days before the start of study treatment, defined as:
Platelet count ≥100 × 10^9/L
Hemoglobin (Hb) ≥9 g/dL (transfusion and/or growth factor support allowed)
Absolute neutrophil count ≥1.5 × 10^9/L
Prothrombin time (PT) and partial thromboplastin time (PTT) ≤1.5 × the upper limit of normal (ULN), except for patients on coumadin-derivative anticoagulants or other similar anticoagulant therapy, who must have PT-international normalized ratio (INR) within therapeutic range as deemed appropriate by the Investigator.
Serum creatinine ≤1.5 × ULN, or creatinine clearance ≥ 50 mL/min as calculated using the modified Cockcroft-Gault equation; confirmation of creatinine clearance is only required when creatinine is >1.5 × ULN.
AST/ALT ≤3 × ULN (if liver metastases are present, ≤5 × ULN)
Total bilirubin ≤1.5 × ULN if no liver metastases or < 3 × ULN in the presence of documented Gilbert's syndrome or liver metastases
Serum albumin ≥ 2.5 g/dL
Male patients with female partners of childbearing potential and female patients of childbearing potential are required to use two forms of acceptable contraception, including one barrier method, during their participation in the study and for at least 7 months following last dose. Male patients must also refrain from donating sperm during their participation in the study.
Patients who meet any of the following criteria will be excluded from study entry:
Exclusion criteria for Part A and B (HER2-negative) and Part Z (HER2-positive) cohorts:
Treatment with any of the following:
Any systemic anti-cancer chemotherapy, small molecule, biologic, hormonal agent, or immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy from a previous treatment regimen or clinical study within 21 days prior to the first dose of U3-1402.
Prior treatment with any HER3 targeting agent
Major surgery (excluding placement of vascular access) within 4 weeks of the first dose of study drug treatment
Radiotherapy treatment to more than 30% of the bone marrow or with a wide field of radiation within 4 weeks of the first dose of study drug treatment, or palliative radiation therapy within 2 weeks of the first dose of study drug treatment
Chloroquine /hydroxychloroquine ≤14 days prior to the first dose of study drug treatment.
Has any hypersensitivity to drug substances or inactive ingredients in drug product.
Has any history of ILD (including pulmonary fibrosis or radiation pneumonitis), has clinically significant ILD, or is suspected to have such disease by imaging during screening. If imaging findings are unlikely to indicate a history of pneumonitis, then the Investigator should discuss the considerations with the Medical Monitor about potential enrollment and record the reasoning in the source documentation.
Clinically severe pulmonary compromise (based on Investigator's assessment) resulting from intercurrent pulmonary illnesses including, but not limited to:
any underlying pulmonary disorder (e.g., pulmonary emboli, severe asthma, severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, restrictive lung disease, pleural effusion)
any autoimmune, connective tissue or inflammatory disorder with pulmonary involvement (e.g., rheumatoid arthritis, Sjögren's syndrome, sarcoidosis)
OR prior pneumonectomy
With the exception of alopecia, any unresolved toxicities from prior therapy greater than Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) Grade 1 or baseline at the time of starting study treatment. Note: patients with chronic Grade 2 toxicities who are asymptomatic or adequately managed with stable medication may be eligible with approval by the Medical Monitor.
Leptomeningeal metastases or spinal cord compression due to disease
Women who are pregnant, nursing, or plan to become pregnant while in the study and for at least 7 months after the last administration of study treatment
Men who plan to father a child while in the study and for at least 7 months after the last administration of study treatment
Any of the following cardiac criteria currently or within the last 6 months:
Mean resting corrected QT interval using Fridericia's formula (QTcF) prolongation to >470 ms for females and >450 ms for males in three successive screening measurements
Any clinically important abnormalities (as assessed by the Investigator) in rhythm, conduction, or morphology of resting electrocardiograms (ECGs), e.g., complete left bundle branch block, third-degree heart block
Congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association ≥ Grade 2 [Appendix D])
Any factors that increase the risk of QTc prolongation or risk of arrhythmic events such as heart failure, hypokalemia, congenital long QT syndrome, family history of long QT syndrome or unexplained sudden death under 40 years-of-age
Patients with a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) <50%
Has known clinically significant corneal disease from prior therapies such as drug-induced keratitis
Is receiving chronic systemic corticosteroids dosed at >10 mg prednisone or equivalent anti-inflammatory activity or any form of immunosuppressive therapy prior to Cycle 1 Day 1. Patients who require use of bronchodilators, inhaled or topical steroids, or local steroid injections may be included in the study.
As judged by the Investigator, any evidence of severe or uncontrolled systemic diseases, including uncontrolled hypertension, uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, active bleeding diatheses, or active infection, including hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and human immunodeficiency virus. Screening for chronic conditions is not required.
Presence of other active invasive cancers other than the one treated in this study within 3 years prior to screening, except appropriately treated basal cell carcinoma of the skin, in situ carcinoma of uterine cervix, or other local tumors considered cured by local treatment
Psychological, familial, sociological, or geographical conditions that do not permit compliance with the protocol and/or follow-up procedures outlined in the protocol.
Additional exclusion criteria only for Part A and B (HER2-negative) cohorts:
Prior treatment with an antibody drug conjugate that consists of an exatecan derivative that is a topoisomerase I inhibitor (e.g., T-DXd, DS-1062a, and DS-7300a)
Patients with HER2+ breast cancer per ASCO-CAP guidelines
Additional exclusion criteria only for Part Z (HER2-positive) cohort:
Treatment with any of the following:
Prior treatment with an antibody drug conjugate that consists of an exatecan derivative that is a topoisomerase I inhibitor except T-DXd
Prior treatment with T-DXd within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of U3-1402
Uncontrolled or significant cardiovascular disease, including history of myocardial infarction within 6 months before enrollment
A severe reaction or severe tolerability issues that necessitated stopping treatment with T-DXd
Any unresolved toxicities from prior therapy with T-DXd.
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There are 10 Locations for this study
Birmingham Alabama, 35249, United States More Info
Springdale Arkansas, 72762, United States More Info
Duarte California, 91010, United States More Info
Fort Myers Florida, 33901, United States More Info
Saint Petersburg Florida, 33705, United States More Info
Saint Louis Missouri, 63110, United States More Info
New Brunswick New Jersey, 08903, United States More Info
Charlotte North Carolina, 28204, United States More Info
Nashville Tennessee, 37203, United States More Info
Seattle Washington, 98109, United States More Info
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