Breast Cancer Clinical Trial
Abemaciclib and Niraparib Before Surgery for the Treatment of Hormone Receptor Positive HER2 Negative Breast Cancer
This phase I trial tests the side effects and best dose of abemaciclib and niraparib in treating patients with breast cancer that is positive for estrogen or progesterone receptors (hormone receptor positive [HR+]) and HER2 negative. Abemaciclib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking certain proteins called cyclin-dependent kinases, which are needed for cell growth. PARPs are proteins that help repair DNA mutations. PARP inhibitors, such as niraparib, can keep PARP from working so tumor cells can't repair themselves and grow. Giving abemaciclib and niraparib together before surgery may make the tumor smaller.
I. To determine the maximum-tolerated dose (MTD) and/or recommended phase 2 dose of the combination of abemaciclib and niraparib tosylate monohydrate (niraparib).
II. To assess safety and tolerability of the combination of abemaciclib and niraparib in early stage HR+ breast cancer.
I. To determine clinical response to treatment. II. To determine pathologic response to treatment. III. To determine feasibility of combination as determined by no delay to standard of care breast surgery.
I. To assess occurrence of secondary myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS)/acute myeloid leukemia (AML) malignancy.
OUTLINE: This is a phase 1 dose-escalation study of abemaciclib in combination with niraparib followed by a dose-expansion study.
Patients receive abemaciclib orally (PO) twice daily (BID) and niraparib PO once daily (QD). Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 2-4 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients who complete 4 cycles undergo standard of care mastectomy or lumpectomy. Patients demonstrating progressive disease after only 2 cycles are switched to receive standard of care chemotherapy prior to undergoing mastectomy or lumpectomy.
Patients are followed up at 30 days after date of surgery, every 3 months for the first 6 months, every 6 months for 2 years, then annually for up to 5 years from date of surgery.
Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.
Females (regardless of menopausal status), or males
Biopsy proven estrogen receptor (ER) and/or progesterone receptor (PR) positive as defined as ER >= 1% and/or PR >= 1% by immunohistochemistry according to American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO)/College of American Pathologists (CAP) guidelines for hormone receptor testing
HER2 non-amplified per 2018 ASCO/CAP guidelines, defined as:
Immunohistochemistry (IHC) score 0/1+, or
IHC 2+ and in situ hybridization (ISH) non-amplified with a ratio of HER2 to CEP17 < 2.0, and if reported, average HER2 gene copy number < 4 signals/cells; or
ISH non-amplified with a ratio of HER2 to CEP17 < 2.0, and if reported, average HER2 gene copy number < 4 signals/cells
Clinical T1-T3, any N, M0 invasive breast cancer, by American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) 8th edition clinical staging with the goal being curative intent surgery to completely excise involved tumor in the breast and the draining lymph nodes
Individuals with unilateral, multi-focal breast cancer (defined as more than one lesion of invasive breast cancer in the same breast separated from the dominant breast lesion by less than 5 cm of radiologically normal breast tissue) are eligible
Participants must be planned for neoadjuvant chemotherapy
Except for allowable endocrine therapy up to 4 weeks prior to study enrollment, participants must not have received prior anti-cancer therapy for the treatment of their breast cancer
Participant must have disease that is amenable to biopsy, and agree to provide the required research biopsies at baseline, and 2 months after initiating study therapy
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 to 1
The participant is able to swallow oral medications
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1.5 x 10^9/L
Platelets >= 100 x 10^9/L
Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL
Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN). Participants with Gilbert's syndrome with a total bilirubin =< 2.0 times ULN and direct bilirubin within normal limits are permitted
Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 2.5 x ULN
If a participant is a cancer survivor, they have undergone potentially curative therapy for all prior malignancies, with no evidence of recurrence > 5 years
Female participants of childbearing potential (FOCBP) must have a negative serum or high sensitive urine pregnancy test (per institutional standards) within 7 days prior to the start of study drugs
FOCBP must agree to use highly-effective method(s) of contraception during the study and for 6 months after the last dose of study drugs
FOCBP are those who have not been surgically sterilized or have not been free from menses for > 1 year without an alternative medical cause
Male participants must agree to use an adequate method of contraception starting with the first dose of study therapy through at least 3 months after the last dose of study drugs
Participant must agree to not donate blood during the study or for 90 days after the last dose of study treatment
Participants receiving corticosteroids may continue as long as their dose is stable for least 4 weeks prior to initiating protocol therapy
Participant must agree to not breastfeed during the study or for 30 days after the last dose of study treatment
The participant must have normal BP or adequately treated and controlled hypertension (systolic BP <=140 mmHg and diastolic BP ≤90 mmHg).
Prior history of malignancy within 5 years except for successfully treated cervical carcinoma in situ, lobular carcinoma in situ of the breast, or non-melanoma skin cancer
Inflammatory breast cancer defined as clinically significant erythema of the breast and/or documented dermal lymphatic invasion (not direct skin invasion by tumor or peau d'orange without erythema) is not eligible
Participants that have undergone surgical axillary staging procedure prior to study entry
Fine needle aspiration (FNA) or core needle biopsy of axillary node is permitted
Bilateral breast cancer, except for those tumors exhibiting similar biomarkers (grade, ER/PR, HER2)
Clinical or radiographic evidence of metastatic disease
Isolated ipsilateral supraclavicular node involvement is permitted
A prior history of ductal breast carcinoma in situ (DCIS) treated with contralateral mastectomy and not receiving endocrine therapy is eligible
Breast implants are contraindicated only if the implant precludes the required research biopsies or interferes with palpating the breast lesion
Prior treatment for this cancer including surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, biotherapy, hormonal therapy or investigational agent prior to study entry
Participants may have received up to 4 weeks of endocrine therapy prior to enrollment on trial
Participants with myelodysplastic syndrome/acute myeloid leukemia or with features suggestive of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS)/acute myeloid leukemia (AML)
Contraindication to undergoing breast and/or axillary lymph node biopsy
Contraindication to undergoing surgical resection
Prior therapy with a PARP inhibitor
Prior therapy with a CDK 4/6 inhibitor
The patient has active systemic bacterial infection (requiring intravenous [IV] antibiotics at time of initiating study treatment), fungal infection, or detectable viral infection (such as known human immunodeficiency virus positivity or with known active hepatitis B or C [e.g., hepatitis B surface antigen positive]. Screening is not required for enrollment
The patient has serious and/or uncontrolled preexisting medical condition(s) that, in the judgment of the investigator, would preclude participation in this study (for example, interstitial lung disease, severe dyspnea at rest or requiring oxygen therapy, severe renal impairment [e.g. estimated creatinine clearance < 30ml/min], history of major surgical resection involving the stomach or small bowel, or preexisting Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis or a preexisting chronic condition resulting in baseline grade 2 or higher diarrhea)
Known history of pneumonitis or interstitial lung disease (ILD)
Known history of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) or pulmonary embolism (PE)
Participant must not have received a transfusion (platelets or red blood cells) =< 4 weeks prior to initiating protocol therapy. Exceptions may be made at the discretion of the investigator for the treatment of clinical complications such as bleeding. In these cases, protocol therapy may start >= 7 days after transfusion
Participant must not have received colony stimulating factors (e.g., granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor, or recombinant erythropoietin) within 4 weeks prior to initiating protocol therapy
The patient has a personal history of any of the following conditions: syncope of cardiovascular etiology, ventricular arrhythmia of pathological origin (including, but not limited to, ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation), or sudden cardiac arrest
Resting electrocardiogram (ECG) indicating uncontrolled, potentially reversible cardiac conditions, as judged by the investigator (e.g., unstable ischemia, uncontrolled symptomatic arrhythmia, congestive heart failure, Fridericia's Correction Formula (QTcF) prolongation > 500 ms, electrolyte disturbances, etc.), or participants with congenital long QT syndrome
Uncontrolled hypertension, or hypertension that cannot otherwise be clinically managed before initiating study therapy
Psychiatric illness/social situations, or any condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would: interfere with evaluation of study treatment or interpretation of participant safety or study results, or substantially increase risk of incurring adverse events (AEs), or compromise the ability of the patient to give written informed consent
Participant must not have had major surgery =< 3 weeks prior to initiating protocol therapy and participant must have recovered from any surgical effects
Hypersensitivity to any study agent, or its excipients, when administered alone
Females who are pregnant or lactating
Judgment by the investigator that the patient should not participate in the study if the patient is unlikely to comply with study procedures, restrictions and requirements
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There is 1 Location for this study
Portland Oregon, 97239, United States
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