Breast Cancer Clinical Trial

Mirvetuximab Soravtansine as First Line in Treating Patients With Triple Negative Breast Cancer

Summary

This phase II trial studies how well mirvetuximab soravtansine works as first line in treating patients with triple negative breast cancer. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as mirvetuximab soravtansine, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading.

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Full Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Determine if mirvetuximab soravtansine as a single agent is likely to induce response in at least 20% of patients with metastatic folate receptor (FR) alpha+ triple negative breast cancer (TNBC).
II. Determine if mirvetuximab soravtansine as a single agent in the neoadjuvant setting will improve rates of excellent pathologic response (pathologic complete response [pCR]/residual cancer burden [RCB]-0 or RCB-I) from 5% to 20% in patients with high risk, chemotherapy insensitive, FRalpha+ TNBC.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Determine the radiographic response rate as measured by ultrasound and/ or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (partial response + complete clinical response) for mirvetuximab soravtansine in chemotherapy insensitive, FRalpha

+ localized TNBC or using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria in patients with FRalpha+ advanced TNBC.

II. Determine toxicity of 4 cycles of mirvetuximab soravtansine given in the neoadjuvant setting following anthracycline based therapy (Cohort B) and unrestricted cycles in patients receiving therapy in the advanced/metastatic setting (Cohort A).
III. Determine disease free survival (DFS) at 3 years for patients treated with mirvetuximab soravtansine given in the neoadjuvant setting; progression free survival (PFS), duration of response (DOR) and overall survival at 3 years (overall survival [OS] at 3 years) in patients receiving therapy for advanced/ metastatic TNBC.
IV. Compare disease response (as measured by pCR/RCB-I) in patients with FRalpha+ chemotherapy resistant disease treated on clinical trial with mirvetuximab soravtansine in the neoadjuvant setting to those with similar molecular features who receive standard taxane-based chemotherapy as the second phase of their NACT.

View Eligibility Criteria

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1
Confirmed invasive triple-negative breast cancer defined as estrogen receptor (ER) < 10%; progesterone receptor (PR) < 10% by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and HER2 0-1+ by IHC or 2+, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) < 2, gene copy number < 4
(For Cohort A) - Archived tissue available at pre-screening to confirm FR alpha+ breast cancer
(For Cohort A) Archived tissue available pre-screening to confirm FR alpha+ breast cancer. (For Cohort B) Confirmed FRalpha+ breast cancer defined as low FRalpha expression: >= 25% of cells having >= 1+ expression
(For Cohort A) Measurable disease per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST). (For cohort B) Clinical or radiologic primary tumor size of at least 1.5 cm prior to enrollment onto protocol 2014-0185 (ARTEMIS). Primary tumor of at least 1.0 cm or evidence of continued lymph node involvement by imaging (ultrasound or magnetic resonance imaging [MRI]) after adriamycin-based neoadjuvant therapy
(For cohort B): Primary tumor sample collected before NACT started (on ARTEMIS) and underwent molecular testing for integral biomarkers including immunohistochemical assessment of FRalpha
(For cohort A): No limit on prior therapies for metastatic disease. (Relapse of disease within 6 months of adjuvant or neoadjuvant chemotherapy is considered 1 line of therapy for metastatic disease). (For cohort B): received at least one dose of an anthracycline-based NACT. Patients are eligible if therapy was discontinued due to disease progression or therapy intolerance. Patients with disease progression on anthracycline-based therapy should be evaluated by the surgical team. If the patient is deemed inoperable at the time of evaluation, the patient may continue to undergo protocol therapy with a goal of reduction in tumor size to become operable. If the patient is deemed at high risk of becoming inoperable by the surgical team based upon tumor size or location, the patient will be considered ineligible for study and will be recommended to go to surgery
(For cohort B): Primary tumor size of at least 1.0 cm by imaging (ultrasound or MRI) or evidence of continued lymph node involvement by imaging (ultrasound or MRI) after adriamycin-based neoadjuvant therapy
(For cohort B): Baseline multigated acquisition (MUGA) or echocardiogram showing left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) >= 50% within 6 weeks prior to initiation of NACT
(For both cohorts A and B): Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1.5 x 10^9/L
(For both cohorts A and B): Platelets >= 100 x 10^9/L
(For both cohorts A and B): Hemoglobin (Hb) > 9 G/dL
(For both cohorts A and B): Total serum bilirubin =< 2.0 mg/dL
(For both cohorts A and B): Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) (=< 5 x ULN in patients with liver metastases)
(For both cohorts A and B): International normalized ratio (INR) =< 2
(For both cohorts A and B): Serum creatinine =< 1.5 x ULN
(For both cohorts A and B): Serum albumin > 2
Signed informed consent obtained prior to any screening procedures
(For cohort A only): Time from prior therapy: a. Systemic anti-neoplastic therapy: five half-lives or four weeks, whichever is shorter. Hormonal therapy is not considered anti-neoplastic therapy. b. Radiotherapy: wide-field radiotherapy (e.g. > 30% of marrow-bearing bones) completed at least four weeks, or focal radiation completed at least two weeks, prior to starting study treatment
(For cohort B only): Patients must have at least 3 and no more than 5 weeks between anthracycline-based therapy and start of treatment with mirvetuximab soravtansine
(For both cohorts A and B): Patients must have resolution of toxic effect(s) of the most recent prior chemotherapy to grade 1 or less (except alopecia)
(For both cohorts A and B): Women of child-hearing potential (WCBP) must have a negative pregnancy test within 3 days prior to the first dose of study treatment

Exclusion Criteria:

Pregnant or lactating women
Patients with a history of non-compliance to medical regimens or who are considered potentially unreliable or will not be able to complete the entire study
(For Cohort B only): Presence of metastatic disease or prior radiation therapy of the primary breast carcinoma or axillary lymph nodes

Women of child-bearing potential (WCBP), defined as all women capable of becoming pregnant, won't use highly effective methods of contraception during the study and 12 weeks after. Highly effective contraception methods include combination of any two of the following:

Placement of an intrauterine device (IUD) or intrauterine system (IUS)
Barrier methods of contraception: condom or occlusive cap (diaphragm or cervical/vault caps) with spermicidal foam/gel/film/cream/vaginal suppository
Total abstinence or
Male/female sterilization
Women are considered post-menopausal and not of child-bearing potential if they have had 12 months of natural (spontaneous) amenorrhea with an appropriate clinical profile, or have had surgical bilateral oophorectomy (with or without hysterectomy) or tubal ligation at least six weeks prior to study entry. In the case of oophorectomy alone, only when the reproductive status of the woman has been confirmed by follow up hormone level assessment is she considered not of childbearing potential
Male patients whose sexual partner(s) are WCBP who are not willing to use adequate contraception, during the study and for 12 weeks after the end of treatment
Patients with > grade 1 peripheral neuropathy
Active or chronic corneal disorder, including but not limited to the following: Sjogren's syndrome, Fuchs corneal dystrophy (requiring treatment), history of corneal transplantation, active herpetic keratitis, and also active ocular conditions requiring on-going treatment/monitoring such as wet age-related macular degeneration requiring intravitreal injections, active diabetic retinopathy with macular edema, presence of papilledema, and acquired monocular vision

Serious concurrent illness or clinically-relevant active infection, including, but not limited to the following:

Known active hepatitis B or C
Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection
Varicella-zoster virus (shingles)
Cytomegalovirus infection
Any other known concurrent infectious disease, requiring IV antibiotics within 2 weeks of study enrollment

Clinically-significant cardiac disease:

Recent myocardial infarction (=< 6 months prior to day 1)
Unstable angina pectoris
Uncontrolled congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association > class II)
Uncontrolled hypertension (>= Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [CTCAE] version [v]4.03 grade 3)
Prior history of hypertensive crisis or hypertensive encephalopathy
Uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmias
Clinically-significant vascular disease (e.g. aortic aneurysm, or dissecting aneurysm)
Severe aortic stenosis
Clinically significant peripheral vascular disease
>= Grade 3 cardiac toxicity following prior chemotherapy
Corrected QT interval (QTc) > 470 for females and > 450 for males
History of neurological conditions that would confound assessment of treatment-emergent neuropathy
History of hemorrhagic or ischemic stroke within the last 6 months
History of cirrhotic liver disease
Previous clinical diagnosis of non-infectious pneumonitis or non-infectious interstitial lung disease
Prior hypersensitivity to monoclonal antibodies
Patients who have a history of another primary malignancy, with the exceptions of: non-melanoma skin cancer, and carcinoma in situ of the cervix, uteri, or breast from which the patient has been disease free for >= 3 years
Carcinomatous meningitis, untreated central nervous system (CNS) disease or symptomatic CNS metastasis. Patients with previously treated CNS metastasis (excluding carcinomatous meningitis) may participate if they are stable (without evidence of progression by imaging, using identical imaging modality at each assessment, for at least 4 weeks prior to first dose of study treatment), have no evidence of new or emerging CNS metastasis, and are not using steroids for at least 7 days prior to first dose of study treatment
History or evidence of thrombotic or hemorrhagic disorders within 6 months before first study treatment
Required used of folate-containing supplements (e.g. folate deficiency)

Study is for people with:

Breast Cancer

Phase:

Phase 2

Estimated Enrollment:

96

Study ID:

NCT03106077

Recruitment Status:

Completed

Sponsor:

M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

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There is 1 Location for this study

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M D Anderson Cancer Center
Houston Texas, 77030, United States

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

Study is for people with:

Breast Cancer

Phase:

Phase 2

Estimated Enrollment:

96

Study ID:

NCT03106077

Recruitment Status:

Completed

Sponsor:


M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

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