Breast Cancer Clinical Trial

Non-invasive Measurement of PD-L1 Levels With Positron Emission Tomography (PET) in Head and Neck Malignancies and Intracranial Metastases

Summary

This study aims to determine the feasibility of non-invasive quantitative PD-L1 measurement using [a novel PD-L1 positron emission tomography (PET) tracer and perform immunohistochemistry based measurement of PD-L1 levels within resected lesions in head and neck cancer and brain metastases.

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Full Description

This study aims to validate a non-invasive quantitative imaging method of whole tumors using a novel PD-L1 positron emission tomography (PET) tracer in patients with head and neck cancer who undergo resection of primary tumor and locoregional lymph node metastases thus providing an excellent model to perform correlative studies with immunohistochemistry (IHC).

The investigators will extend the study to patients with brain metastases because there is a critical need for a non-invasive test for PD-L1 in this population, as biopsy of these lesions is rare.

In this study, the investigators will image patients with brain metastases, which are predominantly from lung cancer and melanoma, that are planned to undergo biopsy. The ultimate goal of this research is to validate quantitative PD-L1 PET imaging in determining PD-L1 expression within primary and metastatic cancer without the need for biopsy and identify parameters of PD-L1 quantitative PET that will allow its translation into clinical practice. This method can then be used to determine which patients may benefit from immunotherapy.

The primary objective of this study aims to test the difference in non-invasive quantitative PD-L1 PET measures (VT) of lesions between different groups of PD-L1 levels (PD-L1 ≥90% vs <1%) in head and neck cancer primary lesions.

Secondary objectives:

To establish lesion level association between immunohistochemistry measures of PD-L1 levels within primary head and neck cancer lesions (as the outcome) and PD-L1 PET measures (VT);
To establish lesion level association between immunohistochemistry measures of PD-L1 levels within locoregional metastases within the neck and resected normal lymph nodes (as the outcome) and PD-L1 PET measures (VT).
To establish lesion level association between the degree of tumor inflammatory cell infiltration on IHC in primary head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) lesions (as the outcome) and PD-L1 PET measures (VT);
To establish lesion level association between the degree of tumor inflammatory cell infiltration on IHC in metastatic head and neck SCC lesion (as the outcomes) and PD-L1 PET measures (VT).

Tertiary objective:

To establish lesion level correlation of IHC measures of total/tumor/inflammatory cell PD-L1 levels to PD-L1 (VT) on PET in brain metastases

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Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria for Head and Neck Cancer:

Patients with resectable squamous cell carcinoma of the oropharynx (HPV positive and HPV negative).
Resectability will be confirmed by a surgical co-investigator.
If available, HPV-association determined by institutional p16 testing (CINtec antibody demonstrating strong and diffuse nuclear and cytoplasmic staining is at least 70% of cells).
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) > 1500/microliter, absolute lymphocyte count (ALC) >1000/microliter, hemoglobin > 9 g/dl, platelets > 100,000/microliter.
aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT) < 5 x upper limit of normal. Bilirubin < 1.5 x upper limit of normal.
Albumin > 0 g/dl.
Creatinine < 5 x upper limit of normal.
Women of child-bearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 7 days prior to treatment

Inclusion Criteria for Brain Metastases:

Patients with brain metastases
Tumor size equal or greater than 1 cm
Resectability or need for laser interstitial thermal therapy (LITT) will be confirmed by a surgical co-investigator.
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) > 1500/microliter, absolute lymphocyte count (ALC) >1000/microliter, hemoglobin > 9 g/dl, platelets > 100,000/microliter
AST and ALT < 5 x upper limit of normal. Bilirubin < 1.5 x upper limit of normal.
Albumin > 0 g/dl.
Creatinine < 5 x upper limit of normal.
Women of child-bearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 7 days prior to treatment

Exclusion Criteria for Head and Neck Cancer:

Medical contraindication to surgery.
Full dose anticoagulation.
Concomitant invasive malignancy, or malignancy within 2 years except for hormonally responsive breast or prostate cancer, resected non-melanoma skin cancer, resected uterine cervical carcinoma.
Inability to give informed consent.
Prior systemic therapy, radiation or gross resection for the tumor under study.
Women may not be pregnant or breast-feeding.
Receipt of other systemic therapy including investigational agents, radiation or gross resection for treatment of the tumor under study.

Exclusion Criteria for Brain Metastases:

Medical contraindication to brain surgery.
Full dose anticoagulation.
Inability to give informed consent.
Women may not be pregnant or breast-feeding.

Study is for people with:

Breast Cancer

Phase:

Phase 1

Estimated Enrollment:

24

Study ID:

NCT05408871

Recruitment Status:

Not yet recruiting

Sponsor:

Yale University

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There is 1 Location for this study

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Yale University PET Center
New Haven Connecticut, 06519, United States

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Study is for people with:

Breast Cancer

Phase:

Phase 1

Estimated Enrollment:

24

Study ID:

NCT05408871

Recruitment Status:

Not yet recruiting

Sponsor:


Yale University

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

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