Breast Cancer Clinical Trial
Paclitaxel and Trastuzumab With or Without Lapatinib in Treating Patients With Stage II or Stage III Breast Cancer That Can Be Removed by Surgery
This randomized phase III trial studies paclitaxel and trastuzumab with or without lapatinib to see how well they work in treating patients with stage II or stage III breast cancer that can be removed by surgery. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as paclitaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Monoclonal antibodies, such as trastuzumab, can block tumor growth in different ways. Some block the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Others find tumor cells and help kill them or carry tumor-killing substances to them. Lapatinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Giving paclitaxel with trastuzumab and/or lapatinib before surgery may make the tumor smaller and reduce the amount of normal tissue that needs to be removed. It is not yet known which regimen is more effective in treating patients with breast cancer.
I. To determine if the pathologic complete response (pCR) in the breast to neoadjuvant weekly paclitaxel with trastuzumab plus lapatinib (THL) is 20% greater than the pCR to weekly paclitaxel with trastuzumab alone (TH).
I. To determine the pathologic complete response in the breast and axilla, using American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) Tumor, Lymph Nodes and Metastasis (TMN) criteria (version 6), to neoadjuvant weekly paclitaxel plus human epidermal growth factor 2 (HER2)- targeted therapy in patients with HER2-positive operable breast cancer.
II. To evaluate residual cancer burden (RCB) as a predictor of long term relapse free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS).
III. To document the toxicity of all chemotherapeutic regimens (THL, TH). IV. To determine the correlation between clinical, radiographic and pathologic response.
V. To compare overall survival (OS), relapse free survival (RFS) and time to first failure (TFF) among the treatment groups.
VI. To obtain blood, fresh frozen and fixed tumor tissue to test specific hypotheses for which biomarker data exist and to evaluate biomarkers in blood, serum and tissue that are likely to influence response to and toxicity of trastuzumab alone or trastuzumab plus lapatinib, when given with paclitaxel.
VII. To determine the surgical practice patterns for breast conservation and sentinel lymphadenectomy in patients undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy.
VIII. To determine the radiotherapy practice patterns for post-mastectomy and regional nodal irradiation in patients undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy.
IX. To evaluate pharmacogenomic determinants of toxicity.
OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 3 treatment arms.
ARM I: Patients receive trastuzumab IV over 30-90 minutes and paclitaxel IV over 1 hour once weekly and lapatinib ditosylate orally (PO) once daily for 16 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
ARM II: Patients receive trastuzumab and paclitaxel as in arm I.
ARM III: Patients receive paclitaxel and lapatinib ditosylate as in arm I. (Discontinued as of 6-15-11) Within 42 days after completion of neoadjuvant therapy, patients in both arms undergo definitive surgery (breast conservation or total mastectomy).
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed every 6 months for 2 years and then annually for up to 10 years.
Pathologic confirmation of invasive breast cancer; patients with inflammatory breast cancer are not eligible
Clinical stage II-III operable invasive breast cancer with intent to perform surgical resection after neoadjuvant therapy
Patients with multicentric or bilateral disease are eligible as long as the target lesion meets the eligibility criteria for this study
Staging to rule out metastatic disease is recommended for clinical stage III patients
Tumors must be HER2 positive defined as HER2 3+ by immunohistochemical (IHC) assays or gene amplification by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with a ratio of >= 2 on invasive tumor
Estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PgR) status must be known
The target lesion in the breast must be >= 1 cm on physical examination or by radiographic measurement; palpable axillary adenopathy will be documented but not serve as measurable disease for the primary endpoint; patients with axillary disease only are not eligible to participate
Patient agrees to provide pretreatment biopsies
No prior chemotherapy, hormone therapy, biologic, or radiation therapy with therapeutic intent for this cancer
Cardiac ejection fraction must be >= 50% by echocardiogram or multiple gated acquisition (MUGA) scan
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) (Zubrod) performance status 0-1
Patients must not be pregnant or nursing
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,000/ul
Platelet count >= 100,000/ul
Bilirubin =< 1.5 times upper limit of normal
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
Serum beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) negative (in female patients unless status-post (s/p) hysterectomy or menopausal or no menses for 24 consecutive months); assay must have a sensitivity of at least 50 mIU/mL
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