Breast Cancer Clinical Trial
Study Evaluating Efficacy & Safety of Afuresertib Plus Fulvestrant in Patients w/ Locally Advanced or Metastatic HR+/HER2- Breast Cancer
Study LAE205INT3101 is a Phase Ib/III study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the combination therapy with afuresertib plus fulvestrant (afuresertib/placebo plus fulvestrant in Phase III) in patients with HR+/HER2- breast cancer who have failed 1 to 2 prior lines of endocrine therapy, and/or CDK4/6 inhibitor (up to 1 therapy), and/or chemotherapy (up to 1 chemotherapy) as described in the inclusion criteria.
Eligible patients for this study must have either (1) progressive disease whilst receiving an endocrine therapy (AI or a SERM), and/or a CDK4/6 inhibitor for locally advanced or metastatic disease; or (2) relapsed with metastatic disease whilst receiving an ET (AI or SERM), and/or a CDK4/6 inhibitor, and/or chemotherapy in adjuvant setting. No more than 2 prior lines of systemic treatments for locally advanced or metastatic disease are allowed for this study, including 1-2 prior lines of endocrine therapy, with/without CDK4/6 inhibitor (up to 1 therapy), and/or chemotherapy (up to 1 therapy).
The Phase Ib part is a single-arm, open-label, "proof-of-concept" study to evaluate anti-tumor efficacy, safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetics of the combination therapy with afuresertib plus fulvestrant. Twenty patients will be enrolled in this part. There will be a safety run-in period during the first 28-days of treatment (Cycle 1) of the first 6 enrolled patients to evaluate the safety of the initial treatment doses of the combination therapy, and to make dose modification if severe treatment-related toxicities occur. Patients will receive afuresertib 125 mg PO, QD in combination with fulvestrant 500 mg IM, D1, 15 in Cycle 1, and fulvestrant 500 mg IM, D1 Q4W in the subsequent cycles. If no severe treatment-related toxicity is observed during the safety-run-in period, based on investigator's clinical judgements, the enrollment will resume for the remaining 14 patients. If any treatment-related toxicity (≥ grade 3) is observed in 1 of the 6 patients (e.g., thrombocytopenia, neutropenia, hyperglycemia, rash, diarrhea, fatigue, etc.), and is not resolved within 7 days in spite of active management per institutional standard of care, the dose of afuresertib for all patients participating in the safety run-in will be reduced to 125 mg, D1-21, Q4W (if afuresertib alone or both afuresertib and fulvestrant are the potential causal agents) or the dose of fulvestrant reduced to 250 mg IM D1,15 in Cycle 1, and 250 mg IM D1 Q4W (if fulvestrant is the potential causal agent) in the subsequent cycles. In the event that the causal relationship between study drugs and the observed AE could not be reasonably established, reduction of afuresertib should take precedence based on the Safety Review Committee (SRC) decision. For the primary efficacy objective of the Phase Ib part, the primary endpoint is the investigator-assessed ORR based on RECIST 1.1 of the afuresertib plus fulvestrant combination therapy in HR+/HER2- BC. The PK parameters of the afuresertib in the combination treatment (e.g., Cmax, AUC(0-t), AUC(0-inf), Tmax, t1/2, etc.) will be assessed in all patients in the Phase Ib part based on plasma levels of afuresertib, obtained at different timepoints as described in the tables of Schedule of Activities (SoA). The efficacy and safety data analysis will be conducted after the completion of the Phase Ib part. If the efficacy and safety data of the afuresertib plus fulvestrant combination therapy support a positive benefit/risk ratio, this combination regimen will be further evaluated for its efficacy and safety in the Phase III part. If there is insufficient evidence of efficacy for the study treatment at the end of the Phase Ib part, the sponsor and the investigators must reach a consensus on whether to expand patient enrollment to continue the Phase Ib study.
The Phase III part is a multi-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pivotal study with two parallel treatment arms to further assess the anti-tumor efficacy and safety of afuresertib combined with fulvestrant (experimental arm) versus placebo combined with fulvestrant (control arm) in patients with HR+/HER2- BC who have failed 1 to 2 prior lines of ET, and/or CDK4/6 inhibitor (up to 1 therapy), and/or chemotherapy (up to 1 chemotherapy). A total of 252 patients will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to the two parallel treatment arms, afuresertib plus fulvestrant and placebo plus fulvestrant. Randomization will be based on stratification factors, including prior chemotherapy (yes or no), prior CDK4/6 inhibitor therapy (yes or no). The doses of the study treatment will be based on doses and schedule established in the Phase Ib part. The primary endpoint is the investigator-assessed PFS based on RECIST 1.1 of the experimental arm and control arm. The major secondary endpoints include the OS, ORR, DOR, DCR and safety.
Female or male patients must be ≥ 18 years of age on the day of signing the informed consent and be able to provide written informed consent for the study.
Patients with histologically or cytologically confirmed HR+/HER2- BC characterized by the absence of HER2 expression and the presence of ER and/or PR expression.
Female patients must be post-menopausal. Female patients who are pre- or peri-menopausal must have ovarian suppression therapy with LHRH while on study.
Menopause is defined by NCCN Guidelines Breast Cancer, version 1.2021 as the following:
Prior bilateral oophorectomy
Age ≥ 60 y
Age < 60 y and amenorrheic for 12 or more months in the absence of chemotherapy, tamoxifen, toremifene, or ovarian suppression and FSH and estradiol in the postmenopausal range
If taking tamoxifen or toremifene, and age < 60 y, then FSH and plasma estradiol level in postmenopausal ranges
Before randomization, patients who have undergone anti-cancer treatment must have a washout period of 4 weeks or 5 half-lives, whichever comes earlier.
HR+/HER2- BC patients must meet all the following criteria to join this study:
Relapsed locally advanced (LABC) or metastatic (mBC) disease; AND
Have received 1 to 2 prior lines of systemic treatments (adjuvant therapy included), including:
i. Endocrine therapies including AIs and/or SERMs (1 or 2 lines); OR ii. A CDK4/6 inhibitor in combination with endocrine therapy (1 line), with or without additional line of endocrine therapy (1 line); OR Afuresertib Plus Fulvestrant Versus Placebo Plus Fulvestrant As Treatment for HR+/HER2- Breast Cancer Protocol Number: LAE205INT3101 Document Version: 0.9 NCT Identifier Number: March 15, 2021 44 iii. A chemotherapy (monotherapy or combination therapy, 1 line only), with or without additional line of endocrine therapy.
A combination chemotherapy (two chemotherapy drugs or one chemotherapy drug plus one non-chemotherapy drug) is considered as 1 line of chemotherapy.
A combination therapy of a CDK4/6 inhibitor with a non-chemotherapy drug is considered as 1 line of CDK4/6 inhibitor treatment.
In the Phase Ib part, patients must provide informed consent for the procedures and the tests for PIK3CA/AKT/PTEN alterations. The biomarkers will be tested retrospectively by gene sequencing and/or immunohistochemistry tests using archival tumor sample within 18 months (78 weeks) or from blood or from a tumor biopsy sample. Formalin-fixed, paraffin embedded (FFPE) tissue blocks sectioned on the slides are preferred. The biomarker test results will be correlated to the anti-cancer efficacy and safety results in Phase Ib to decide the patient population in the Phase III pivotal study.
Patients with an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Score of 0 or 1.
Patients who have adequate organ function as defined below. Specimens must be collected within 10 days prior to the start of study enrollment.
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1500/μl
Platelets count ≥ 100,000/μl
Hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dL or ≥ 5.6 mmol/L
Criteria must be met without erythropoietin dependency and without packed red blood cell (PRBC) transfusion within 10 days prior to the screening lab tests.
Creatinine ≤ 1.5 × ULN OR
Measured or calculated per institutional standard creatinine clearance (GFR can also be used in place of creatinine or creatinine clearance) ≥ 30 mL/min for participant with creatinine levels > 1.5 × institutional ULN.
Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 ×ULN OR direct bilirubin ≤ ULN for participants with total bilirubin levels > 1.5 × ULN.
AST (SGOT) and ALT (SGPT) ≤ 2.5 × ULN (≤ 5 × ULN for participants with liver metastases).
Coagulation • International normalized ratio (INR) OR prothrombin time (PT)/Activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) ≤ 1.5 × ULN. If the participant is receiving anticoagulant therapy, PT or aPTT should be within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants.
Afuresertib Plus Fulvestrant Versus Placebo Plus Fulvestrant As Treatment for HR+/HER2- Breast Cancer Protocol Number: LAE205INT3101 Document Version: 0.9 NCT Identifier Number: March 15, 2021 45
Patients with type 1 diabetes who do not require insulin and have a fasting glucose ≤ 126 mg/dL (or ≤ 7.0 mmol/L); or patients with type 2 diabetes who have a fasting glucose ≤ 167 mg/dL (or ≤ 9.3 mmol/L); or glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) ≤ 8%.
Patients with a life expectancy of 24 weeks or more based on investigator's assessment.
Patients who have recovered from adverse events associated with medical treatment, radiation and surgical operation as pre-treatment to ≤ CTCAE v5.0 Grade 1, excluding stable symptoms (e.g., alopecia, peripheral sensory neuropathy, skin hyperpigmentation, dysgeusia, etc.).
Female patients must agree to use effective contraception during the study and for at least 16 weeks after discontinuation from the study, defined as the following:
Total abstinence (if it is their preferred and usual lifestyle)
An intrauterine device (IUD) or hormone-releasing system (IUS)
A contraceptive implant
An oral contraceptive (with additional barrier method)
Have a vasectomized partner with confirmed azoospermia Male patients must agree to use an adequate method of contraception from enrollment through 90 days after the last dose of study treatment.
Patients who are able to swallow and retain oral medication and without gastrointestinal diseases to interfere with drug absorption. Patients must have no contraindications to fulvestrant.
A woman of child-bearing potential (WOCBP) who has a positive urine pregnancy test (e.g., within 72 hours) prior to study treatment. If a urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required.
Patients who had a recent major surgery that required hospitalization (<6 months/26 weeks) from scheduled treatment starting date) or have used IV antibiotics for systemic infection (< 2 months/8 weeks) from scheduled treatment starting date).
Patients who have additional known malignancies that are progressing or have required active treatments within 3 years of scheduled treatment starting date. (Note: Patients with basal cell carcinoma of the skin, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, that have undergone potentially curative therapy are not excluded).
Patients who have a history of seizure or conditions that may predispose them to seizure and require anti-epileptic medications, or patients who have brain arteriovenous malformation, or intracranial masses (e.g., schwannomas and meningiomas) that are causing edema or mass effect.
Patients who have known active CNS metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis. (Note: Patients with previously treated brain metastases may participate provided that they are radiologically stable (i.e., without evidence of progression for at least 4 weeks by repeated imaging performed during study screening), clinically stable and without requirement of steroid treatment for at least 14 days prior to schedule treatment starting date.
Afuresertib Plus Fulvestrant Versus Placebo Plus Fulvestrant As Treatment for HR+/HER2- Breast Cancer Protocol Number: LAE205INT3101 Document Version: 0.9 NCT Identifier Number: March 15, 2021 46
Patients who had prior treatment with fulvestrant or other selective estrogen receptor degraders (SERDs), or any PI3K/AKT/mTOR inhibitors.
Patients who had New York Heart Association congestive heart failure of grade II or above, unstable angina, myocardial infarction, arterial or venous thromboembolic events (e.g., pulmonary embolism, cerebrovascular accident including transient ischemic attacks), or serious cardiac arrhythmia associated with significant cardiovascular impairment within 6 months (26 weeks) of scheduled treatment starting date.
Patients with prolongation of corrected QTc interval, as corrected by the Frederica's correction formula to > 450 msec for males and > 470 msec for females; unless prolonged QTc interval is due to right bundle branch block or left bundle branch block with a pacemaker.
Patients who have uncontrolled hypertension (systolic blood pressure > 160 mmHg or diastolic BP > 100 mmHg under anti-hypertensive treatment). Note: Patients with a history of hypertension are allowed, provided that BP is controlled to within these limits by anti-hypertensive treatment.
Patients who have a Hepatitis B active infection (defined as HBsAg (+), Anti-HBs (-), Anti-HBc total or IgM (+)) or known active Hepatitis C virus (defined as HCV RNA [qualitative] test positive). Patients who have tested positive for HIV infection with 1 or more of the following:
Not receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy
Receiving antiretroviral therapy that may interfere with the study drug (consult the Sponsor for review of medication prior to enrollment)
CD4 count < 350 based on a test within 3 months of the screening visit
An acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-defining opportunistic infection within 6 months (26 weeks) of the start of study screening
Patients who have a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that in the opinion of the investigator, might confound the results of the study, interfere with the participant's participation for the full duration of the study, or is not in the best interest of the participant to participate.
Patients who have a known psychiatric or substance abuse disorder that would interfere with the participant's ability to cooperate with the requirements of the study.
Patients who are receiving a strong CYP3CA, OATP, BRCP substrate or inducer. Please see related section for a list of these prohibited medications.
Patients who are currently pregnant or breastfeeding or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the study, starting with the screening visit through 16 weeks after the last dose of study treatment.
Patients who have Child-Pugh status of B and C.
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There are 11 Locations for this study
Santa Monica California, 90404, United States More Info
Atlanta Georgia, 30318, United States More Info
Iowa City Iowa, 52242, United States More Info
Jackson Mississippi, 39216, United States More Info
Burlington Vermont, 05401, United States More Info
Fairfax Virginia, 22031, United States More Info
Beijing Beijing, 10002, China More Info
Guangzhou Guangdong, 51012, China More Info
Changchun Jilin, 13000, China More Info
Shenyang Liaoning, 11000, China More Info
Hangzhou Zhejiang, 31002, China More Info
Tianjin , , China More Info
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