Breast Cancer Clinical Trial
Taselisib and Enzalutamide in Treating Patients With Androgen Receptor Positive Triple-Negative Metastatic Breast Cancer
This partially randomized phase Ib/II trial studies the side effects and best dose of taselisib when given together with enzalutamide and to see how well they work in treating patients with androgen receptor positive triple-negative breast cancer that has spread to other places in the body. Taselisib is a PI3K inhibitor. The PI3K pathway is involved is cancer growth. Androgen may cause the growth of tumor cells. Enzalutamide may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking the androgen receptor from working. Giving taselisib with enzalutamide may be a better treatment for patients with breast cancer.
I. To determine the safety and tolerability of taselisib given in combination with enzalutamide: Assessment of dose limiting toxicities (DLTs) during the first 4 weeks of treatment (cycle 1). (Phase Ib) II. To determine the safety and tolerability of taselisib given in combination with enzalutamide: Determination of the maximally tolerated dose (MTD) of taselisib given in combination with enzalutamide. (Phase Ib) III. To evaluate the efficacy, as measured by clinical benefit rate (CBR), of enzalutamide + taselisib in patients with androgen receptor positive (AR+) triple negative (TN) metastatic breast cancer (MBC). (Phase II)
I. To determine the progression free survival (PFS) of enzalutamide + taselisib in patients with AR+ TN MBC.
II. To assess the pharmacokinetics (PKs) of taselisib and enzalutamide in patients with AR+ TN MBC.
I. To explore predictors of biomarker response and mechanisms of resistance based on exploratory analysis of tumor tissue obtained through biopsies.
II. Levels of phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) expression by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR).
III. Presence of mutations in the phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase, catalytic subunit alpha (PIK3CA) gene.
IV. Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) (IHC, fluorescence in situ hybridization [FISH]) and estrogen receptor (ER)/progesterone receptor (PR) levels (IHC) in tumor biopsy from a metastatic site.
V. Levels of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MEK) activity measured by phosphorylated extracellular-signal-regulated kinases (p-ERK1/2) (IHC) and phosphorylated p-ribosomal protein S6 (S6) (S235/236 and S240/244) at baseline and upon progression of disease.
VI. Levels of phosphorylated v-akt murine thymoma viral oncogene homolog 1 (p-AKT) (IHC) at baseline and upon progression of disease.
VII. Gene expression profiling to assign a triple negative subtype. VIII. Whole exome deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)-sequencing (seq) on DNA isolated at baseline and upon progression.
IX. Plasma for circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) analysis to assess PIK3CA mutation status in response and resistance.
X. To assess the predictive effects of PIK3CA mutations and PTEN loss on PFS and CBR.
XI. To evaluate the ability of multi-parametric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) performed early in therapy to predict both biological and clinical response.
OUTLINE: This is a phase Ib, dose-escalation study of taselisib followed by a randomized phase II study.
PHASE IB: Patients receive taselisib orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-28 and enzalutamide PO QD on days 9-28 of course 1 and days 1-28 of subsequent courses. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
PHASE II: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.
ARM I: Patients receive taselisib PO QD and enzalutamide as in Phase Ib. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients experiencing unacceptable toxicity due to enzalutamide may continue to receive taselisib.
ARM II: Patients receive enzalutamide PO QD on days 1-28. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Upon disease progression, patients may crossover to Arm I.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 30 days and then every 3 months for 3 years.
Patients must provide informed written consent
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-1
Clinical stage IV invasive mammary carcinoma
For phase 1b: HER2 negative, as defined for phase II; any ER/PR (negative or positive) can be enrolled in the phase 1b portion
For phase II: ER negative (defined as expression of ER in =< 1% cells), PR negative (defined as expression of PR in =< 1% cells), HER2 negative (acceptable methods of HER2 analysis include IHC [0, 1+], fluorescence in situ hybridization [FISH] with HER2/centromere on chromosome 17 [CEN17] ratio < 2, and/or chromogenic in situ hybridization [CISH] with HER2/CEN-17 ratio < 2), as previously documented by histological analysis
Androgen receptor positivity, defined as >= 10% of tumor cell nuclei with immunoreactivity for AR on central review at Vanderbilt
Measurable or bone-only evaluable disease; measurable disease is defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria 1.1, with radiologic scans within 21 days of day 1, cycle 1
Any number of prior therapies as long as patients have adequate performance status and meet all other eligibility criteria
Prior treatment with anti-androgens other than enzalutamide is acceptable
Phase 1b only: Formalin-fixed paraffin embedded blocks (FFPB) or fresh frozen tissue from the original diagnosis or the metastatic setting should be located; tissue must be submitted with 3 weeks of study initiation
Phase II only: Biopsy of a metastatic lesion in patients with reasonably accessible metastatic lesions (chest wall, skin, subcutaneous tissue, lymph nodes, skin, breast, bones, lung, and liver metastases); if a reasonably accessible metastatic lesion is not available, the patient may go on study provided that archived tissue is available; however, if a reasonably accessible site is available for biopsy, the patient must agree to biopsy; any patients not undergoing biopsy must be approved for study enrollment by the Protocol Chair; biopsies may be done with local anesthesia or intravenous conscious sedation, according to institutional guidelines; if a biopsy requires general anesthesia, then it is only allowed if acquisition of tissue is clinically indicated, and excess tissue may be collected for research purposes; patients without sites available for biopsy must have available tissue (archived formalin-fixed paraffin embedded blocks [FFPB] or fresh frozen tissue from original diagnosis or metastatic setting) for correlative studies; tissue needs to be located and available at the time of registration (tissue needs to be submitted within 3 weeks of study initiation)
Patients must have adequate hematologic, hepatic, and renal function. All tests must be obtained within 28 days of starting treatment. Labs are to be repeated on cycle 1, day 1 and must still meet eligibility. These include:
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1500/mm^3
Platelet count >= 75,000/mm^3
Hemoglobin (HgB) >= 9 g/dL
Creatinine =< 1.5 X upper limits of normal (ULN)
international normalized ratio (INR) ≤2
Total serum bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN (in patients with known Gilbert syndrome, a total bilirubin =< 3.0 x ULN, with direct bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN)
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 3 x ULN (or =< 5.0 x ULN if hepatic metastases are present)
For patients without known type II diabetes, the following is required at screening:
Fasting plasma glucose =< 160 mg/dL (7.49 mmol/L) and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) < 7.5 % or International Federation of Clinical Chemistry (IFCC) < 53 mmol/mol
For patients with type II diabetes receiving only oral anti-hyperglycemic therapy (patients receiving insulin are not eligible), the following are required at screening:
HbA1c < 8.5 % or IFCC < 69.4 mmol/mol
Stable regimen of oral anti-hyperglycemic therapy without insulin usage for at least 3 weeks prior to first study treatment
Fasting plasma glucose levels =< 160 mg/dL (8.88 mmol/L) and no hypoglycemia (blood sugar [BS] < 60) during home monitoring for at least 1 week prior to study entry
Patients must be able to swallow and retain oral medication
For patients who are not postmenopausal or surgically sterile (absence of ovaries and/or uterus), agreement to remain abstinent or to use two adequate methods of contraception (e.g., condoms, diaphragm, vasectomy/vasectomized partner, tubal ligation), during the treatment period and for at least 30 days after the last dose of study treatment or 3 months after discontinuation of taselisib and/or enzalutamide, whichever is longer; hormone based oral contraceptives are not allowed on study; postmenopausal is defined as:
Age >= 60 years
Age =< 60 years and amenorrheic for 12 months in the absence of chemotherapy, tamoxifen, toremifene, or ovarian suppression; or follicle stimulating hormone and estradiol in the postmenopausal range
Patients may have received radiation therapy to painful bone metastases or areas of impending bone fracture as long as radiation therapy is completed >= 2 weeks prior to day 1 of cycle 1 of treatment; patients who have received prior radiotherapy must have recovered from toxicity (=< grade 1) induced by this treatment; baseline radiologic scans must be obtained after completion of radiation
Patients must complete all screening assessments
Any kind of malabsorption syndrome significantly affecting gastrointestinal function, including history of Crohn's disease or inflammatory bowel disease
Concurrent anti-cancer therapy (chemotherapy, radiation therapy, surgery, immunotherapy, hormonal therapy, biologic therapy) other than the ones specified in the protocol; patients must have discontinued the above cancer therapies for 1 week prior to the first dose of study medication, as well as recovered to baseline from toxicity induced by previous treatments; any investigational drugs should be discontinued 2 weeks prior to the first dose of study medication and radiotherapy must have been completed >= 2 weeks prior to initiation of study drug (cycle 1, day 1)
Prior use of PI3K or Akt inhibitors in the metastatic setting for the treatment of cancer; these include, but are not limited to: taselisib, GDC-0941, GDC-0980, BEZ235, BKM120, LY294002, PIK-75, TGX-221, XL147, XL765, SF1126, PX-866, D-87503, D-106669, GSK615, CAL101; patients who have received PI3K/Akt inhibitors previously for < 4 weeks will be eligible
Prior treatment with enzalutamide
Current or previously treated brain metastasis or active leptomeningeal disease; head imaging is required during screening in all patients to exclude the presence of central nervous system (CNS) metastatic disease
History of seizure or any condition that may predispose to seizure; history of loss of consciousness or transient ischemic attack within 12 months before day 1
Pregnant or lactating women
Insulin-dependent diabetes; patients with type II diabetes must meet the inclusion criteria outlined above
Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to:
Ongoing or active infection requiring parenteral antibiotics
Impairment of lung function (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease [COPD] > grade 2, lung conditions requiring oxygen therapy) or current dyspnea at rest
Symptomatic congestive heart failure (class III or IV of the New York Heart Association classification for heart disease)
Known left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 50%
Unstable angina pectoris, angioplasty, stenting, or myocardial infarction within 6 months
Uncontrolled hypertension (systolic blood pressure > 160 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure > 100 mm Hg, found on two consecutive measurements separated by a 1 or 2-week period despite adequate medical support)
Clinically significant cardiac arrhythmia (multifocal premature ventricular contractions, bigeminy, trigeminy, ventricular tachycardia that is symptomatic or requires treatment [National Cancer Institute-Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events, version 4.0, grade 3])
Corrected QT using the Fridericia correction formula (QTcF) >= 480 msec on screening electrocardiogram (EKG)
Known history of QT/correct QT (QTc) prolongation or Torsades de Pointes (TdP)
ST depression or elevation of >= 1.5 mm in 2 or more leads
Diarrhea of any cause >= Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) grade 2
Active autoimmune disease that is not controlled by nonsteroidal or steroidal (< 10 mg of prednisone per day) anti-inflammatory drugs or active inflammatory disease, including small or large intestine inflammation such as active Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis, which requires immunosuppressive therapy
Psychiatric illness/social situations that would compromise patient safety or limit compliance with study requirements including maintenance of a compliance/pill diary
Known history of chronic liver disease including cirrhosis, current alcohol abuse, or infection with hepatitis B virus or hepatitis C virus (active or carrier) or renal failure
Known history of chronic pancreatitis
Conditions that affect lymphocyte counts, such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or immunosuppressive therapy
Use of prohibited drugs
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There are 11 Locations for this study
Birmingham Alabama, 35249, United States
Washington District of Columbia, 20007, United States
Chicago Illinois, 60637, United States
Indianapolis Indiana, 47405, United States
Baltimore Maryland, 21218, United States
Boston Massachusetts, 02115, United States
Ann Arbor Michigan, , United States
Rochester Minnesota, 55905, United States
Chapel Hill North Carolina, 27599, United States
Pittsburgh Pennsylvania, 15260, United States
Nashville Tennessee, 37232, United States
Houston Texas, 77030, United States
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