Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Clinical Trial
Ipilimumab, Ibrutinib, and Nivolumab for the Treatment of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia and Richter Transformation
This phase I/Ib trial evaluates the best dose and side effects of ipilimumab in combination with either ibrutinib alone or with ibrutinib and nivolumab in treating patients with leukemia-cll/" >chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and Richter transformation (RT). Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as ipilimumab and nivolumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread. Ibrutinib may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Giving ipilimumab with either ibrutinib alone or with ibrutinib and nivolumab may help control CLL and RT.
I. To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and dose limiting toxicity (DLT) of ipilimumab in combination with ibrutinib in patients with CLL/small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL)/RT. (Part A) II. To determine the MTD and DLT of ipilimumab in combination with nivolumab and ibrutinib in patients with CLL/SLL/RT. (Part B)
I. To determine the efficacy (response rate, defined as complete response [CR] + complete response with incomplete marrow recovery [CRi] + partial response [PR]) of the combination therapy.
II. To determine the progression-free survival and overall survival of the combination therapy.
I. To study immunological and molecular changes in peripheral blood, lymph node, and bone marrow in response to the combination therapy.
OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of ipilimumab followed by a dose-expansion study. Patients are assigned to 1 of 2 parts.
PART A: Patients receive ipilimumab intravenously (IV) over 90 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for up to 4 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Beginning day 1 of cycle 1, patients also receive ibrutinib orally (PO) once daily (QD) in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients who complete 4 doses of ipilimumab and are deriving benefit from it, without severe toxicities, may continue to receive ipilimumab every 12 weeks for up to a total of 2 years.
PART B: Patients receive ipilimumab IV over 90 minutes and nivolumab IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for up to 4 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Beginning day 7 of cycle 1, patients also receive ibrutinib PO QD in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients who complete 4 doses of ipilimumab and nivolumab, and are deriving benefit from it, without severe toxicities, may continue to receive ipilimumab every 12 weeks and nivolumab every 4 weeks for up to a total of 2 years.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 days, and then every 3 months thereafter.
Cohort 1: Patients with a diagnosis of CLL or SLL, refractory to and/or relapsed after at least one prior therapy (prior therapy could be a chemoimmunotherapy regimen, or a targeted therapy such as a BTK inhibitor, a BCL2 inhibitor, or a PI3 kinase inhibitor) or untreated with del(17p) by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) (high-risk cytogenetics) and have an indication for treatment by International Workshop on Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (IWCLL) 2008 criteria
Cohort 2: Patients with a diagnosis of CLL or SLL who have been on ibrutinib for at least 9 months with measurable persistent disease (absolute lymphocyte count [ALC] > 4K/uL, any lymph node > 1.5 cm by computed tomography [CT] scan, or > 30% lymphocytes on bone marrow aspirate differential)
Cohort 3: Patients with a diagnosis of RT
Age 18 years or older
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 2
Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN). For patients with Gilbert's disease, total bilirubin up to =< 3 x ULN is allowed provided normal direct bilirubin
Serum creatinine =< 1.5 x ULN
Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 3 x ULN (unless deemed to be disease related)
Females of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine beta human chorionic gonadotrophin (beta-human chorionic gonadotropin [hCG]) pregnancy test result within 14 days prior to the first dose of treatment and must agree to use an effective contraception method during the study and for 23 weeks following the last dose of the study drugs. Females of non-childbearing potential are those who are postmenopausal greater than 1 year or who have had a bilateral tubal ligation or hysterectomy. Males who have partners of childbearing potential must agree to use an effective contraceptive method during the study and for 31 weeks following the last dose of study drugs
Patients or their legally authorized representative must provide written informed consent
History of another primary invasive malignancy that has not been definitively treated or in remission for at least 2 years. Patients with non-melanoma skin cancers or with carcinomas in situ are eligible regardless of the time from diagnosis (including concomitant diagnoses). If patients have another malignancy that was treated within the last 2 years, such patients may be enrolled if the likelihood of requiring systemic therapy for this other malignancy within 2 years is less than 10%, as determined by an expert in that particular malignancy at MD Anderson Cancer Center and after consultation with the principal investigator
Any major surgery, radiotherapy, cytotoxic chemotherapy, biologic therapy, immunotherapy, immunomodulatory drugs, experimental therapy within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of the study drugs. Note: Prior therapy with anti CD20 monoclonal antibody, anti CD52 monoclonal antibody, and lenalidomide are allowed. For oral targeted therapies (such as idelalisib, venetoclax), a washout of 3 days is allowed. For patients who are on ibrutinib at study entry - may continue ibrutinib without interruption
Significant cardiovascular disease such as uncontrolled or symptomatic arrhythmias, congestive heart failure, or myocardial infarction within 2 months of screening, or any class 3 or 4 cardiac disease as defined by the New York Heart Association Functional classification
History of stroke or cerebral hemorrhage within 2 month
Patients who have uncontrolled hypertension (defined as sustained systolic blood pressure >= 140 mmHg or diastolic >= 90 mmHg)
Known evidence of active cerebral/meningeal CLL. Patients may have history of central nervous system (CNS) leukemic involvement if definitively treated with prior therapy and no evidence of active disease at the time of registration
Active, uncontrolled autoimmune hemolytic anemia or immune thrombocytopenia requiring steroid therapy
Patients with autoimmune diseases are excluded: Patients with a history of inflammatory bowel disease (including Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis) are excluded from this study as are patients with a history of autoimmune disease (e.g., rheumatoid arthritis, systemic progressive sclerosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, Wegener's granulomatosis)
Patients with previous allogeneic stem cell transplant (SCT) within 6 months or with active acute or chronic graft-versus host disease are excluded. Patients must be off immunosuppression for graft versus host disease (GVHD) for at least 30 days before cycle 1 day 1
Patients with organ allografts (such as renal transplant) are excluded
History of interstitial lung disease or pneumonitis
Patients who are on high dose steroids (> 10 mg daily of prednisone or equivalent) or immune suppression medications. Note: Patients on high-dose steroids (doses > 10 mg/day of prednisone or equivalent) or immune suppression medications are eligible provided these drugs are discontinued at least 3 days prior to starting on the study drugs
Patients with uncontrolled active infection (viral, bacterial, and fungal) are not eligible
Current or chronic hepatitis B or C infection, or known seropositivity for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
Patient is pregnant or breast-feeding
Concurrent use of investigational therapeutic agent
Malabsorption syndrome or other condition that precludes enteral route of administration
Concomitant use of warfarin or other vitamin K antagonists
Requires treatment with a strong cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A inhibitor
Other severe acute or chronic medical or psychiatric condition or laboratory abnormality that in the opinion of the investigator may increase the risk associated with study participation or investigational product administration or may interfere with the interpretation of study results and/or would make the patient inappropriate for enrollment into this study
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