Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Clinical Trial
PCI-32765 for Special Cases of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia or Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma
- Chronic lymphocytic leukemia and small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL) are types of blood or lymph node cancers that mostly affect the elderly. CLL/SLL both create abnormal white blood cells that hurt the immune system and make it more difficult to fight infections. These cancers are usually diagnosed after age 50; more than half of the people with CLL/SLL are over age 70. Elderly people often do not respond well to standard chemotherapy for CLL/SLL. They may have other health problems that make chemotherapy difficult. In addition, individuals who have a genetic abnormality called 17p deletion also do not respond well to standard treatments for CLL/SLL. Researchers want to test a new cancer treatment drug, PCI-32765, to see if it can treat CLL/SLL in these hard-to-treat groups.
- To see if PCI-32765 is a safe and effective treatment for CLL/SLL in older people and people with 17p deletion.
Individuals over 65 years of age who have CLL/SLL.
Individuals at least 18 years of age who have CLL/SLL and 17p deletion.
Participants will be screened with a medical history, physical exam, and imaging studies. Blood and urine samples will be taken. Optional bone marrow and lymph node biopsies may also be taken.
Participants will take PCI-32765 capsules every day for 28 days (one cycle of treatment). Treatment will be monitored with frequent blood tests and clinic visits.
PCI-32765 will be given for six cycles of treatment. Those who benefit from the drug will continue to take it as long as there are no side effects and the disease does not progress. Those who do not benefit will stop treatment and have regular followup exams.
CLL/SLL is a malignancy of B cells that predominantly affects the elderly population. Diagnosis is typically made in adults over the age of 50 and more than half of the people with CLL/SLL are over the age of 70. Elderly patients in particular have other comorbidities that limit the tolerability of standard CLL/SLL chemoimmunotherapy regimens and they often have inferior response to these particular regimens. In addition, those patients with a 17p deletion also have inferior outcomes due to rapid progression of disease as well as refractoriness to standard treatment regimens.
It is still unclear what leads to the development of CLL/SLL. However, recent studies indicated that B cell receptor (BCR) signaling is an important contributor to the disease and could be a target for therapy. Bruton s Tyrosine Kinase (Btk) is an enzyme required for BCR signaling.
Ibrutinib is a potent and selective inhibitor of Bruton Tyrosine Kinase (Btk). In vitro lymphoma models have demonstrated that ibrutinib inhibits Btk. Inhibition of Btk blocks downstream BCR signaling pathways and thus prevents B cell proliferation. A phase 1 study of ibrutinib shows activity in multiple lymphomas including CLL/SLL.
This study will investigate the efficacy of ibrutinib for patients with CLL/SLL in patients that are older than 65 who are in need of therapy.This protocol is intended both for patients who have been untreated and those who have undergone other therapies.
Cohort 1: Treated and untreated patients age 65 or older and need for therapy
Cohort 2: Treated (maximum accrual n=16) and untreated (n=27, evaluable) patients at least 18 years old with 17p deletion or p53 expression by immunohistochemistry or p53 mutation by sequencing analysis.
Men and women with histologically confirmed disease as defined by the following:
B-lymphocytosis greater than 5000 cells/microL (may be less than 5000 cells/microL if lymphadenopathy is present with histologic confirmation of lymph node involvement by SLL)
Immunophenotypic profile read by an expert pathologist as consistent with CLL. This will include CD5, CD19, and CD20 expression by the CLL cells typically also with CD23 expression, but CD23 negative cases may be included if there is no t11;14 translocation present.
Active disease as defined by at least one of the following:
Weight loss greater than or equal to 10% within the previous 6 months
Fevers of greater than 100.5 degrees F for greater than or equal to 2 weeks without evidence of infection
Night sweats for more than one month without evidence of infection
Evidence of progressive marrow failure as manifested by the development of, or worsening of, anemia and/or thrombocytopenia
Massive or progressive splenomegaly
Massive nodes or clusters or progressive lymphadenopathy
Progressive lymphocytosis with an increase of greater than 50% over a 2 month period, or an anticipated doubling time of less than 6 months
Compensated autoimmune hemolysis
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of less than or equal to 2
ANC greater than 500/microL, platelets greater than 30,000/microL
Agreement to use contraception during the study and for 90 days after the last dose of study drug if sexually active and able to bear children
Willing and able to participate in all required evaluations and procedures in this study protocol including swallowing capsules without difficulty
Ability to understand the purpose and risks of the study and provide signed and dated informed consent and authorization to use protected health information (in accordance with national and local subject privacy regulations)
Previous radiotherapy, radioimmunotherapy, biological therapy, chemotherapy, or treatment with an investigational product fpr CCL treatement in the last 4 weeks (i.e. intravenous immunoglobulin).
Autoimmune hemolytic anemia or thrombocytopenia requiring steroid therapy
Impaired hepatic function: Total bilirubin greater than or equal to 1.5 times upper limit of normal unless dute to Gilbert's disease, AST/ ALT greater than or equal to 2.5 times institutional upper limit of normal unless due to infiltration of the liver.
Impaired renal funtion: Creatinine greater than or equal to 2.0 mg/dL or GFR less than or equal to 50ml/min
Life-threatening illness, medical condition or organ system dysfunction which, in the investigator's opinion, could compromise the subject's safety, interfere with the absorption or metabolism of PCI-32765 PO, or put the study outcomes at undue risk
Concomitant immunotherapy, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, corticosteroids (at dosages equivalent to prednisone > 20 mg/day), or experimental therapy
Active Hepatitis B infection
Female patients: Current pregnancy or unwilling to take oral contraceptives or refrain from pregnancy if of childbearing potential or currently breastfeeding. Male patients who are unwilling to follow the contraception requirements described in this protocol.
Psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit the patient s ability to tolerate and/or comply with study requirements.
Unable to understand the investigational nature of the study or give informed consent.
Individuals < 18 yrs old
Known hypersensitivity to any component of PCI-32765
Any prior therapy with PCI 32765 or any other BTK inhibitors.
Requires anticoagulation with warfarin.
Requires treatment with strong CY3A4/5 and/or CYP2D6 inhibitors (unless no alternative is available).
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There is 1 Location for this study
Bethesda Maryland, 20892, United States
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