Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Clinical Trial
Phase 1/2 Study of TP-0903 (an Inhibitor of AXL Kinase) in Patients With Previously Treated CLL
TP-0903 is an inhibitor of AXL kinase. TP-0903 has shown potent inhibition of AXL kinase and other TAM family members in a biochemical kinase assay. TP-0903 demonstrates corresponding activity in cancer cell lines and mouse xenograft efficacy models. TP-0903 is shown to block cancer cell epithelial-to-mesenchymal transitions. AXL was identified as a potential therapeutic target in leukemia-cll/" >chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). TP 0903 was shown to induce apoptosis in CLL B-cells taken directly from patients.TP-0903 was equally potent against CLL cells regardless of risk-factor.
TP-0903 is a novel oral inhibitor that targets AXL kinase and reverses the mesenchymal phenotype associated with advanced cancers. TP-0903 has demonstrated profound single agent activity in CLL B cells taken directly from patients even if the patient has high risk factors (ie, 17p/P53 deletions) or progressed on other agents (ie, ibrutinib). TP-0903 is currently being evaluated in patients with refractory solid tumors (TP-0903-101). This proposed study is designed to identify the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), safety profile and recommended Phase 2 dose (RP2D) of TP-0903 in patients with previously treated CLL. Treatment cycles may be repeated if the patient continues to show benefit and if TP-0903 is reasonably well tolerated.
The study will investigate the safety, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and clinical activity of TP-0903.
This is a combined Phase 1/2 study of oral TP-0903 in patients with previously treated CLL/SLL. In both Phase 1 and Phase 2, study participants will be assigned to one of two defined patient groups:
Group 1 (TP-0903 monotherapy): Patients with CLL/SLL who are intolerant to, or have progressed on, B-cell receptor antagonists and/or BCL-2 antagonists
Group 2 (TP-0903 and ibrutinib combination therapy): Patients with CLL/SLL who have progressed on ibrutinib yet the treating provider considers continuation of ibrutinib therapy to be in the best interest of the patient.
Both groups of patients will be treated identically with TP 0903 and will undergo the same study assessments.
Phase 1 Patients will be enrolled in Group 1 and Group 2 in cohorts of 3 to 6 patients simultaneously. Group 2 will start at one dose level below the Group 1 starting dose. In each group, escalation of the TP-0903 dose will follow a standard 3+3 design with sequential cohorts of three patients treated with incrementally higher doses of TP 0903 until a dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) is observed and the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is established. In the absence of DLTs, the dose will be increased using a modified Fibonacci dose escalation scheme.
Once the MTD or preliminary RP2D is identified, an expansion cohort of up to 6 patients will be enrolled in each patient group to confirm safety/suitability of the preliminary RP2D, to collect additional biomarker data, and to further explore efficacy.
It is expected that up to 27 patients will be enrolled in each patient group for a total of up to 54 patients (TP-0903 monotherapy and combination therapy with ibrutinib).
Additional dose levels, schedules, or disease indications of TP 0903 may be explored, as appropriate, based on the modulation of key biomarkers and the safety profile and clinical signals of activity.
Phase 2 In Phase 2, patients will be enrolled in Group 1 (TP 0903 monotherapy) and Group 2 (TP-0903 combination therapy with ibrutinib) based on the Simon 2 stage design. In Stage 1, up to 13 patients will be enrolled into each patient group (total of 26 patients). If there are no responses among these 13 patients in each group, the study will be stopped. Otherwise, Stage 2 will open to enroll 14 additional patients in each group for a total of 27 patients per group. If 4 or more responses are observed among 27 patients, the conclusion will be that the study treatment is worthy of further investigation.
If both patient groups enroll through Stage 2, it is anticipated that the total enrollment for Phase 2 will be 54 patients.
Be ≥18 years old
Have an established, pathologically confirmed diagnoses of CLL/ Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma (SLL) requiring therapy according to the 2018 IWCLL guidelines
Have received at least one prior therapy for CLL/SLL and can be classified in one of two patient groups:
Group 1 (TP-0903 monotherapy): Patients with CLL/SLL who are intolerant to, or have progressed on B-cell receptor antagonists and/or BCL-2 antagonists or other investigational treatments for CLL/SLL
Group 2 (TP-0903 and ibrutinib combination therapy): Patients with CLL/SLL who have progressed on ibrutinib, yet the treating provider considers continuation of ibrutinib therapy to be in the best interest of the patient
Have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status ≤2
Have adequate hematologic function:
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥500/µL
Platelet count ≥30,000/µL
Hemoglobin ≥8 g/dL in the absence of transfusions within the previous 2 weeks
Have adequate organ function:
Creatinine clearance ≥30 mL/min
Alanine aminotransferase (ALT)/aspartate aminotransferase (AST) level ≤2.5 × upper limit of normal (ULN)
Have a total bilirubin level ≤1.5 × ULN (unless secondary to Gilbert syndrome, hemolysis, or leukemia)
Have acceptable coagulation status:
• Activated partial thromboplastin (aPTT) and prothrombin time (PT) ≤1.5 × ULN
Have a negative pregnancy test (if female of childbearing potential)
Be nonfertile or agree to use an adequate method of contraception. Sexually active patients and their partners must use an effective method of contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control, or abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation and for at least 30 days after the last study drug dose. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect that she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately.
Have read and signed the Institutional Review Board (IRB) approved informed consent form (ICF) prior to any study related procedure. (In the event that the patient is rescreened for study participation or a protocol amendment alters the care of an ongoing patient, a new ICF must be signed.)
Are able to comply with the requirements of the entire study
Have undergone prior autologous or allogeneic stem cell transplant within ≤3 months, have not recovered from transplant associated toxicities, or requires graft versus host immunosuppressive therapy
Have known central nervous system (CNS) involvement
Have Richter's transformation of CLL
Have received any monoclonal antibody therapy directed at treatment of the patient's malignancy within 2 weeks prior to anticipated first dose
Have received any anticancer therapy including chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or an investigational anticancer drug within less than 5 half lives of the last dose of that treatment
• This exclusion criterion is not applicable to patients requiring continuation on ibrutinib. (Note: Certain patients with a rapidly rising white blood cell count while on ibrutinib may need to remain on this drug for medical reasons. These patients will need to be approved by the Medical Monitor and treated in accordance with the protocol.)
Have received >20 mg/day of prednisone and 0.1 mg/day of mineralocorticoids within 7 days prior to anticipated first dose
Have a corrected QT interval of >450 msec (males) and >470 msec (females) using Fridericia's correction formula
Have a significant history of renal, neurologic, psychiatric, endocrinologic, metabolic, immunologic, hepatic, or cardiovascular disease or any other medical condition that, in the opinion of the Investigator, would adversely affect his/her participation in the study
Are pregnant and/or nursing, or refuse to use appropriate contraceptives during the course of the study and for at least 30 days after the last dose of study drug
History of another malignancy in the last 5 years except for the following adequately treated:
Local basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin
Carcinoma in situ of the cervix or breast
Papillary, noninvasive bladder cancer
Early stage prostate cancer for which observation is clinically indicated
Other Stage 1 or 2 cancers currently in complete remission
Any other cancer that has been in complete remission for 2 years or surgically cured. Medical Monitor may be contacted for additional determination of acceptable prior cancer history
Have known gastrointestinal disorders (eg, malabsorption syndrome), complications (eg, dysphagia), or surgery that could make consumption or absorption of oral medications problematic
Have an uncontrolled systemic infection (viral, bacterial, or fungal) or fever and neutropenia within 7 days prior to anticipated first dose
Have active and uncontrolled autoimmune cytopenias for 2 or more weeks including autoimmune hemolytic anemia or idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP)
Have received prior therapy with an AXL inhibitor
Have exhibited allergic reactions to a similar structural compound, biological agent, or formulation
Are unwilling or unable to comply with procedures required in this protocol
Have a history of severe adverse reaction (eg. hypersensitivity reaction, anaphylaxis) to sulfonamides
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There are 6 Locations for this study
Phoenix Arizona, 85054, United States
Jacksonville Florida, 32224, United States
Rochester Minnesota, 55905, United States
Saint Louis Missouri, 63130, United States
New York New York, 10065, United States
Durham North Carolina, 27705, United States
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