Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Clinical Trial

Venetoclax, Rituximab and Nivolumab in Combination for the Treatment of Richter’s Transformation Arising From Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia/Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma

Summary

This phase II trial tests how well venetoclax, rituximab and nivolumab works in treating patients with leukemia-cll/" >chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL) with Richter's transformation. Richter's transformation can be described as the development of an aggressive lymphoma in the setting of underlying CLL/SLL that has a very poor prognosis with conventional therapies and represents a significant unmet medical need. Venetoclax is in a class of medications called B-cell lymphoma-2 (BCL-2) inhibitors. It may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking BCL-2, a protein needed for cancer cell survival. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as rituximab and nivolumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread. Giving venetoclax, rituximab and nivolumab together may work better than the conventional intensive immunochemotherapy to improve disease control in patients with Richter's transformation arising from CLL/SLL.

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Full Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

I. To determine the preliminary efficacy in terms of overall response rate (ORR) per Lugano criteria with venetoclax, nivolumab, and rituximab combination in patients with Richter's transformation.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the safety and tolerability of venetoclax, nivolumab, and rituximab combination in Richter's transformation (RT) using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 5.0 (CTCAE v 5.0).

II. To determine preliminary efficacy in terms of complete response (CR) with venetoclax, nivolumab, and rituximab combination in patients with RT.

III. To determine the preliminary efficacy in terms of minimal residual disease (MRD) negativity rate with venetoclax, nivolumab, and rituximab combination in patients with RT.

IV. To determine the preliminary efficacy in terms of progression free survival (PFS) at 12 months with venetoclax, nivolumab, and rituximab combination in patients with RT.

V. To determine the preliminary efficacy in terms of overall survival (OS) with venetoclax, nivolumab, and rituximab combination in patients with RT.

EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:

I. The study team will study various prognostic markers and biomarkers and correlate them with clinical response:

Ia. MRD status in bone marrow and peripheral blood; Ib. CLL prognostic markers, cytogenetics abnormalities by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), IgVH mutation status, and TP53 mutation status; Ic. PD-L1 and PD-1 expression by immunohistochemistry (IHC), either in lymph node tissue samples or bone marrow; Id. T-cell subsets in the blood and tissue biopsy.

EXPLORATORY STUDIES OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the clinical and pathological factors impacting clinical response to the rituximab-nivolumab-venetoclax combination therapy.

II. To study the role of PD-1 blockade in RT. III. To determine the role of bone marrow and peripheral blood MRD in the RT study population.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of venetoclax.

Patients receive venetoclax orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-28, nivolumab intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes on days 2 and 15 of cycles 1-4 and day 1 of each subsequent cycle, and rituximab IV on day 2 of cycle 1 and day 1 of cycles 2-6. Treatment repeats every 28 days up to 6 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. After the completion of 6 cycles, rituximab is discontinued and patients receive venetoclax PO QD on days 1-28 and nivolumab IV over 30 minutes on day 1 of each cycle. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 2 years total therapy in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients undergo tissue biopsy during screening. Patients undergo a bone marrow biopsy and blood sample collection as well as positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) and CT or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) during screening and on the trial.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 days and every 90 days for 5 years from the start of treatment.

View Eligibility Criteria

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Patients must have a confirmed diagnosis of one of Richter's transformation (to either diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) or Hodgkin's lymphoma) with preceding CLL/SLL
Richter's transformation refers to development of aggressive lymphoma (most commonly diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL), and less commonly Hodgkin's lymphoma) in a patient who has a pre-existing diagnosis of CLL/SLL. A pathologic diagnosis of DLBCL or Hodgkin's lymphoma in the setting of preceding CLL/SLL is required
Patients with Richter's transformation arising from CLL/SLL may be newly diagnosed or have relapsed or progressed after prior treatment. Patients with newly diagnosed Richter transformation are eligible only if the treating physician believes they are not good candidates for standard immunochemotherapy or chemotherapy
All patients must have measurable disease as defined by Lugano criteria 2014
Patients must be age ≥ 18 years
Patients must exhibit a/an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-2
Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,000/mcL (independent of growth factor support for ≥ 14 days) (within 14 days prior to registration)
Platelets ≥ 30,000/mcl (independent of transfusion for ≥ 14 days) (within 14 days prior to registration)

Hemoglobin ≥ 8 g/dL (within 14 days prior to registration)

Note: patients must be able to maintain this level without transfusion

Total bilirubin < 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) (within 14 days prior to registration)

Note: Autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) and Gilbert's syndrome are exceptions and bilirubin value must be < 5 x ULN
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ( serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) ≤ 1.5 X ULN (within 14 days prior to registration)
Alanine transaminase (ALT) (serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase [SPGT]) ≤ 1.5 X ULN (within 14 days prior to registration)

Creatinine clearance ≥ 50mL/min (within 14 days prior to registration)

Calculate creatinine clearance (CrCl) using the Cockcroft Gault
Patients with a known history chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, the HBV viral load must be undetectable on suppressive therapy, if indicated
Patients with a known history of hepatitis C (HCV) infection must have been treated and cure. For patients with HCV infection who are currently on treatment, they are eligible if they have an undetectable HCV viral load

Females of child-bearing potential (FOCBP) must agree to adequate contraception (abstinence or acceptable methods of birth control such as barrier method or hormonal contraception) with partner(s) for the duration of study participation, for 5 months after the last dose of nivolumab and 12 months after the last dose of rituximab following completion of therapy.

NOTE: A FOCBP is any woman (regardless of sexual orientation, including women who having undergone a tubal ligation, or remaining celibate by choice) who meets the following criteria:
Has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy
Has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months (and therefore has not been naturally postmenopausal for > 12 months; confirmation of postmenopausal state will be done by clinical history of last menstrual period)

FOCBP must have a negative urine or serum pregnancy test within 7 days prior to registration on study.

NOTE: Patients are also required to have a negative pregnancy test within 24 hours of first dose of study drug
Patients must have the ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent prior to registration on study
Patients must have the ability to swallow and maintain oral medication
Patients must be willing and able to start treatment with allopurinol or equivalent ≤ 3 days prior to starting treatment with venetoclax

Exclusion Criteria:

Patients who have received prior nivolumab for treatment of Richter's transformation, or other PD-1/PD-L1 for the treatment of any indication.

Note: Prior anti-CD-20 antibody treatment is allowed with ≥ 14 day washout period. Prior treatment with nivolumab is permissible if for a different disease indication. In such cases nivolumab must have been discontinued ≥ 3 months prior to registration
Patients who have a history of life-threatening adverse reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to venetoclax, nivolumab, or rituximab
Patients who are refractory to venetoclax (defined by disease progression while on venetoclax or within 3 months of discontinuing venetoclax)
Patients who have had prior chimeric antigen receptor-modified T-cell (CAR-T) therapy within the 45 days prior to registration or with any remaining CAR-T related cytokine-release syndrome or neurotoxicity
Patients who have adverse events due to agents administered ≥ 30 days prior to registration that have not recovered to ≤ grade 2
Patients who have had chemotherapy, radiotherapy or immunotherapy ≤ 14 days prior to registration
Patients receiving any other investigational agents within ≤ 30 days or 5 half-lives prior to registration, whichever is shorter
Patients who have received B-cell receptor pathway inhibitor (such as ibrutinib or idelalisib) ≤ 3 days prior to receiving study treatment
Patients who have undergone an autologous stem cell transplant ≤ 120 days prior to registration

Patients who have undergone an allogeneic stem cell transplant ≤ 180 days prior to registration.

Note: Patients must be off all immunosuppressive therapies > 30 days prior to registration, with no active graft versus host disease (GVHD)
Patients with acute or extensive chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD)

Patients who have received any of the following agents ≤ 7 days prior to receiving study treatment:

Steroid therapy with anti-neoplastic intent
Moderate or strong CYP3A inhibitors
Moderate or strong CYP3A inducers
Patients who have received a live / attenuated vaccine ≤ 30 days prior to receiving study treatment

Patients who have history of auto-immune conditions requiring ongoing or intermittent systemic treatment in the past 2 years (i.e., with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive medications)

Note: Replacement therapy (e.g., thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a form of systemic treatment

Patients who have a history of active malignancy other than CLL/SLL or RT within the past 2 years, with the exception of:

Adequately treated in situ carcinoma of the cervix uteri
Adequately treated basal cell carcinoma or localized squamous cell carcinoma of the skin
Previous malignancy confined and surgically resected (or treated with other modalities) with curative intent
Patients who have known autoimmune disease or active uncontrolled autoimmune cytopenias

Patients who have overt thyroid dysfunction (hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism).

Note: Patients with chronic hypothyroidism taking stable dose of thyroid replacement therapy with normal TSH are eligible
Patients with systemic fungal, bacterial, viral, or other infection that is not controlled (defined as exhibiting ongoing signs/symptoms related to the infection and without improvement, despite appropriate antibiotics or other treatment

Any patient who has tested positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (due to potential drug-drug interactions between anti-retroviral medications and venetoclax, as well as anticipated venetoclax mechanism based lymphopenia that may potentially increase the risk of opportunistic infections).

Note: HIV test is not a requirement to determine eligibility
Patients who have malabsorption syndrome or another condition that precludes enteral route of administration
Patients with a known contraindication or allergy to both xanthine oxidase inhibitors and rasburicase
Patients who have a significant history of cardiovascular, pulmonary, renal, hepatic, neurologic, psychiatric, endocrinologic, metabolic, or immunologic disease that in the opinion of the investigator would adversely affect his/her participation in this study or interpretation of study results
Patients who are pregnant or nursing

Study is for people with:

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

Phase:

Phase 2

Study ID:

NCT06247540

Recruitment Status:

Withdrawn

Sponsor:

Northwestern University

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There is 1 Location for this study

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Northwestern University
Chicago Illinois, 60611, United States

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

Study is for people with:

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

Phase:

Phase 2

Study ID:

NCT06247540

Recruitment Status:

Withdrawn

Sponsor:


Northwestern University

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

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