Esophageal Cancer Clinical Trial
A Vaccine (Ad5.F35-hGCC-PADRE) for the Treatment of Gastrointestinal Adenocarcinoma
This phase IIA trial investigates the side effects of Ad5.F35-hGCC-PADRE vaccine and to see how well it works in treating patients with gastrointestinal adenocarcinoma. Ad5.F35-hGCC-PADRE vaccine may help to train the patient's own immune system to identify and kill tumor cells and prevent it from coming back.
I. Evaluate the safety and tolerability of sequential adenovirus 5/F35-human guanylyl cyclase C-PADRE (Ad5.F35-hGCC-PADRE), delivered intramuscularly three times at three dose levels in subjects with high-risk colorectal, pancreatic, gastric, or esophageal adenocarcinomas with no evidence of disease (NED) after surgery and standard therapy.
II. Evaluate the cellular (T-cell) responses to Ad5.F35-hGCC-PADRE at three different dose levels (10^11, 10^12, and 5 x 10^12 vp) administered intramuscularly three times, four weeks apart in subjects with high-risk colorectal, pancreatic, gastric, or esophageal cancer with NED after surgery and standard therapy.
I. Evaluate the humoral immunologic response to guanylyl cyclase C (GCC), defined as an incremental or sustained antibody (pan-Ig) response, measured at weeks 5, 9, and 13 following the first vaccination (week 1).
II. Evaluate the relationship between immunological responses to GCC and 1) neutralizing antibodies to Ad5 and Ad5.F35 and 2) GCC protein expression in tumors to assess immune tolerance.
III. Evaluate disease free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS), where feasible.
OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 3 arms.
ARM A: Patients receive low dose Ad5.F35-hGCC-PADRE vaccine intramuscularly (IM) on day 1 of weeks 1, 5, and 9 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
ARM B: Patients receive medium dose Ad5.F35-hGCC-PADRE vaccine IM on day 1 of weeks 1, 5, and 9 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
ARM C: Patients receive high dose Ad5.F35-hGCC-PADRE vaccine IM on day 1 of weeks 1, 5, and 9 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 28 days, and then every 3 months for at least 24 months.
Have Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1
Subjects with tumors specified below, who are at high risk of relapse, have been treated with curative intent, and have no evidence of disease (NED) following front-line therapy with surgery, radiation therapy, and/or chemotherapy. NED includes, where applicable, surgical (macroscopic tumor margin, at the time of surgery), and radiological evidence of disease. Residual lesions identified by microscopic/frozen margins and biochemical markers are permitted. Therapy must have been completed no fewer than four weeks, and no later than 25 weeks, before the first dose of Ad5.F35-hGCC-PADRE
For tumor-specific criteria, please refer to the information below:
* Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma
** Stage I, II, III
Neuroendocrine tumors of the pancreas are not permitted
* Colorectal adenocarcinoma
Stage III; stage IV following metastasectomy
* Gastric adenocarcinoma
Stage IIA, IIB, III
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors of the stomach are not permitted
* Esophageal adenocarcinoma
** Stage IIB, III
Esophageal squamous cell carcinomas are not permitted
Have an anticipated life expectancy of greater than 12 weeks
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1000 cells/mL
Platelets >= 75,000 /mL
Hemoglobin >= 9.0 g/dL
Serum creatinine < 2.0 mg/dL
For other blood and urine tests including blood chemistry, hepatic and renal functions, test results should not be worse than grade 1 levels of abnormalities defined by Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE), National Cancer Institute (NCI) version 5 issued by the United States (US) Department of Health and Human Services
For women and men of childbearing potential, a medically acceptable method of highly effective contraception (oral hormonal contraceptive, condom plus spermicide, or hormonal implants) or abstinence must be used throughout the study period and for 28 days after their final vaccine administration (a barrier method of contraception must be employed by all subjects [male and female], regardless of other methods unless abstinent). A negative serum or urine pregnancy test is required as part of screening. Women of childbearing potential is defined as any female who has experienced menarche and who has not undergone surgical sterilization (hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy) or who is not postmenopausal. Menopause is defined clinically as 12 months of amenorrhea in a woman over 45 in the absence of other biological or physiological causes. In addition, women under the age of 55 must have a documented serum follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) level less than 40 mIU/ml
Be willing to comply with all the study procedures
All subjects must be able to comprehend and sign a written informed consent document
Have a known history or evidence of residual disease after definitive surgery
Have a known metastasis in the brain or central nervous system
Prior receipt of immunotherapy or experimental medications after completion of standard adjuvant therapy
Have a history of splenectomy
Have a history of distal pancreatectomy
Concurrent use of systemic steroids or immunosuppressive drugs (use of topical or inhaled steroids will be allowed)
Have any immunodeficiency disease or immunocompromised state (e.g., use of immunosuppressive agents, chemotherapy or radiation therapy within four weeks of study treatment)
Have active autoimmune disease or history of autoimmune disease or a transplant recipient requiring systemic steroids or other immunosuppressive treatment
Have received a diagnosis of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B, or hepatitis C (subjects who are hepatitis C positive may be enrolled if they are confirmed with negative viral load at screening)
Other malignancy within last 5 years except curatively treated non-melanomatous skin cancer and curatively treated carcinoma in situ of the uterine cervix, or early-stage (stage A or B1) prostate cancer
Have a history of inflammatory bowel disease
Have a history of serious reaction to adenovirus
Have an intercurrent illness that is either life-threatening or of clinical importance such that it might limit study compliance (such illnesses include, but are not limited to, ongoing or active infection, metabolic or neurologic disease, peripheral vascular disease, or psychiatric illness)
Have insufficient peripheral venous access to permit completion of the study phlebotomy regimen
Consumes greater than three glasses of alcoholic beverages (1 glass is approximately equivalent to: beer [354 mL/12 ounces], wine [118 mL/4 ounces], or distilled spirits [29.5 mL/1 ounce]) per day and cannot refrain from alcohol for the duration of the trial
Has a history of use of illicit drugs (e.g., opioids, cocaine, amphetamines, hallucinogens, etc.) that could potentially interfere with adherence to study procedures or requirements
Be a woman who is pregnant or breastfeeding
Have an unhealed surgical wound
Have had major surgery or significant traumatic injury occurring within 28 days before treatment or anticipated surgery or procedure requiring general anesthesia during the study participation (including four weeks after last dose of vaccine)
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