Esophageal Cancer Clinical Trial

Adding Nivolumab to Usual Treatment for People With Advanced Stomach or Esophageal Cancer, PARAMUNE Trial

Summary

This phase II/III trial compares the addition of nivolumab to the usual treatment of paclitaxel and ramucirumab to paclitaxel and ramucirumab alone in treating patients with gastric or esophageal adenocarcinoma that may have spread from where it first started to nearby tissue, lymph nodes, or distant parts of the body (advanced). A monoclonal antibody is a type of protein that can bind to certain targets in the body, such as molecules that cause the body to make an immune response (antigens). Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Ramucirumab is a monoclonal antibody that may prevent the growth of new blood vessels that tumors need to grow. Paclitaxel is in a class of medications called antimicrotubule agents. It stops cancer cells from growing and dividing and may kill them. Adding nivolumab to ramucirumab and paclitaxel may work better to treat patients with advanced stomach or esophageal cancer.

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Full Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess whether progression-free survival (PFS) is sufficiently improved in participants randomized to nivolumab + paclitaxel + ramucirumab compared to those randomized to paclitaxel + ramucirumab to warrant a phase III study with overall survival (OS) as the primary endpoint. (Phase II) II. To compare OS in participants randomized to nivolumab + paclitaxel + ramucirumab versus those randomized to paclitaxel + ramucirumab. (Phase III)

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To compare PFS between those randomized to nivolumab + paclitaxel + ramucirumab versus those randomized to paclitaxel + ramucirumab. (Phase III) II. To compare OS between participants randomized to nivolumab + paclitaxel + ramucirumab compared to those randomized to paclitaxel + ramucirumab in the event that the trial is completed before the phase III portion.

III. To compare the overall response rate (ORR, including confirmed and unconfirmed, complete, and partial response, according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors [RECIST 1.1] criteria) between those randomized to nivolumab + paclitaxel + ramucirumab compared to those randomized to paclitaxel + ramucirumab among participants with measurable disease.

IV. To compare the overall disease control rate (DCR = ORR + stable disease) between those randomized to nivolumab + paclitaxel + ramucirumab compared to those randomized to paclitaxel + ramucirumab among participants with measurable disease.

V. To evaluate the safety and tolerability of each treatment regimen. VI. To compare health-related quality of life (QOL) by treatment arm at 8 weeks after randomization, measured using the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy - Gastric (FACT-Ga) Trial Outcome Index (TOI).

VII. To compare health-related QOL between treatment arms at 8 weeks after randomization using the FACT-Ga total score.

VIII. To compare longitudinal changes in health-related QOL between treatment arms using FACT-Ga TOI up to 24 weeks after randomization.

IX. To compare patient-reported symptoms using selected Patient-Reported Outcomes-Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (PRO-CTCAE) items including gastrointestinal as well as constitutional symptoms of fatigue, anorexia, and weight loss between treatment arms.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 arms.

ARM 1: Patients receive nivolumab intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes on day 1 of each cycle, ramucirumab IV over 30-60 minutes on days 1 and 15 of each cycle, and paclitaxel IV over 30 minutes on days 1, 8 and 15 of each cycle. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients undergo computed tomography (CT) scan and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) throughout the study. Patients may also optionally undergo blood sample collection on study.

ARM 2: Patients receive ramucirumab IV over 30-60 minutes on days 1 and 15 of each cycle and paclitaxel IV over 30 minutes on days 1, 8 and 15 of each cycle. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients undergo CT scan and MRI throughout the study. Patients may also optionally undergo blood sample collection on study.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30, 60, 90 days and then every 6 months for up to 3 years.

View Eligibility Criteria

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Participants must have advanced or locally unresectable gastric, gastroesophageal junction or esophageal adenocarcinoma
Participants must have immunotherapy-drugs-are-boosting-survival/" >PD-L1 CPS (Combined Positive Score) ≥ 1. This test would have been performed as part of standard of care (SOC) pathology testing, using tissue obtained within two years prior to registration and collected prior to or after a frontline regimen
Participants must have a histologically confirmed diagnosis of microsatellite stable (MSS) and HER2 negative gastric, gastroesophageal junction, or esophageal adenocarcinoma
Participants must have documented unresectable and/or metastatic disease on CT or MRI imaging completed prior to registration. Imaging must have been completed within 28 days prior to registration for participants with measurable disease. CT scans or MRIs used to assess non-measurable disease must have been completed within 42 days prior to registration. All disease must be assessed and documented on the Baseline Tumor Assessment Form
Participants with treated brain metastases must have no evidence of progression on the follow-up brain imaging after central nervous system (CNS)-directed therapy. All treatment for brain metastases must have been completed at least 28 days prior to registration
Participants must have disease progression or intolerance to frontline standard of care (SOC) chemotherapy plus either nivolumab, pembrolizumab or any other PD-1 or PD-L1 inhibitor. Peri-operative chemotherapy plus nivolumab, pembrolizumab or any other PD-1 or PD-L1 inhibitor will count as one line if disease progression occurs while on the therapy or within 6 months of completing the chemotherapy plus nivolumab or pembrolizumab or other PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor cycle
Participants must not have received more than one prior line of systemic therapy
Participants must not have a condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (> 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents) or other immunosuppressive medications within 14 days of registration. Inhaled or topical steroids and adrenal replacement doses < 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease. Participants are permitted to use topical, ocular, intra-articular, intranasal, and inhalational corticosteroids (with minimal systemic absorption). Physiologic replacement doses of systemic corticosteroids are permitted, even if < 10 mg/day prednisone equivalents. A brief course of corticosteroids for prophylaxis (e.g., contrast dye allergy) or for treatment of non-autoimmune conditions (e.g., delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction caused by contact allergen) is permitted, as long as there has been a washout period for corticosteroids of ≥ 7 days prior to registration
Participants must not have prior significant immunotherapy related adverse events requiring permanent discontinuation of the immunotherapy agent including events like pneumonitis, myocarditis, renal failure, Guillain barre syndrome, or myasthenia gravis. Participants with endocrinopathy events leading or not to replacement steroids, thyroid hormone, insulin, or cortisol are eligible
Participants must not have received a live attenuated vaccination within 28 days prior to registration
Participants must not have had a major surgery within 28 days or subcutaneous venous access device placement within 7 days prior registration
Participants must have fully recovered from the effects of prior surgery in the opinion of the treating investigator. Any participants with postoperative bleeding complications or wound complications from a surgical procedure performed in the last eight weeks should be excluded
Participants must not have plans to undergo elective or planned major surgery during the clinical trial
Participants must not have active bleeding or prior history of gastrointestinal (GI) perforation, fistula or significant GI bleeding (requiring transfusion, endoscopic or surgical intervention) within 84 days prior to registration
Participants must not be planning to receive any concurrent chemotherapy, immunotherapy, investigational agents, biologic or hormonal therapy for cancer treatment while receiving treatment on this study
Participants must not have a history of a grade 3 or 4 allergic reaction attributed to humanized or human monoclonal antibody therapy
Participants must not have a history of grade 3 or 4 immunotherapy related toxicities with the exception of hormonal abnormalities like thyroiditis or thyroid derangements
Participants must be ≥ 18 years old
Participants must have Zubrod Performance Status of 0-2
Participants must have a complete medical history and physical exam within 28 days prior to registration
Leukocytes ≥ 2 x 10^3/uL within 28 days prior to registration
Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1.2 x 10^3/uL within 28 days prior to registration
Hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dL within 28 days prior to registration
Platelets ≥ 100 x 10^3/uL within 28 days prior to registration
Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) (within 28 days prior to registration) unless history of Gilbert's disease. Participants with history of Gilbert's disease must have total bilirubin ≤ 5 x institutional ULN
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/ alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 3 × institutional ULN (within 28 days prior to registration) (unless liver metastases are present, in which case they must be ≤ 5 x ULN)
Participants must have a creatinine ≤ 1.5 x the institutional ULN OR calculated creatinine clearance ≥ 40 mL/min using the following Cockcroft-Gault Formula. This specimen must have been drawn and processed within 28 days prior to registration
Participants' urinary protein must be ≤ 1+ on dipstick or routine urinalysis (UA) within 28 days of registration. Random analysis of urine protein with a normal value is sufficient. If urine dipstick or routine analysis indicated proteinuria ≥ 2+, then a 24-hour urine is to be collected and demonstrate < 1000 mg of protein in 24 hours to allow participation in the study
Participants must have adequate cardiac function. Participants with known history or current symptoms of cardiac disease, or history of treatment with cardiotoxic agents, must have a clinical risk assessment of cardiac function using the New York Heart Association Functional Classification. To be eligible for this trial, participants must be class 2 or better
Participants must have recovered to baseline or < grade 2 CTCAE version (v) 5.0 from toxicities related to any prior treatments, unless AE(s) are clinically stable on supportive therapy
Participants must not have experienced arterial thromboembolic events, including but not limited to myocardial infarction, transient ischemic attack, cerebrovascular accident, or unstable angina, within 6 months prior to registration
Participants must not have uncontrolled blood pressure within 28 days prior to registration as determined by the treating investigator
Participants with known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infection must be on effective anti-retroviral therapy at registration and have undetectable viral load on the most recent test results obtained within 6 months prior to registration
Participants with evidence of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection must have undetectable HBV viral load while on suppressive therapy on the most recent test results obtained within 6 months prior to registration, if indicated
Participants with a history of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection must have been treated and cured. Participants currently being treated for HCV infection must have undetectable HCV viral load on the most recent test results obtained within 6 months prior to registration, if indicated
Participants must not have a prior or concurrent malignancy whose natural history or treatment (in the opinion of the treating physician) has the potential to interfere with the safety or efficacy assessment of the investigational regimen
Participants must not be pregnant or nursing (nursing includes breast milk fed to an infant by any means, including from the breast, milk expressed by hand, or pumped). Individuals who are of reproductive potential must have agreed to use an effective contraceptive method with details provided as a part of the consent process. A person who has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months or who has semen likely to contain sperm is considered to be of "reproductive potential." In addition to routine contraceptive methods, "effective contraception" also includes refraining from sexual activity that might result in pregnancy and surgery intended to prevent pregnancy (or with a side-effect of pregnancy prevention) including hysterectomy, bilateral oophorectomy, bilateral tubal ligation/occlusion, and vasectomy with testing showing no sperm in the semen
Participants must not have a history of inflammatory bowel disease, (including ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease), symptomatic autoimmune disease (e.g., rheumatoid arthritis, systemic progressive sclerosis [scleroderma], systemic lupus erythematosus, autoimmune vasculitis [e.g., Wegener's Granulomatosis]); CNS or motor neuropathy considered of autoimmune origin (e.g., Guillain-Barre Syndrome and myasthenia gravis, multiple sclerosis). Note: Participants with Graves' disease will be allowed
Participants must not have a history of pneumonitis that has required oral or IV steroids within the last 12 months prior to registration
Participants must be offered the opportunity to participate in specimen banking. With participant consent, specimens must be collected and submitted via the Southwest Oncology Group (SWOG) Specimen Tracking System
Participants who can complete patient reported outcomes (FACT-Ga and PRO-CTCAE) questionnaires in English or Spanish must participate in the quality of life studies
Participants must be informed of the investigational nature of this study and must sign and give informed consent in accordance with institutional and federal guidelines. For participants with impaired decision-making capabilities, legally authorized representatives may sign and give informed consent on behalf of study participants in accordance with applicable federal, local, and Central Institutional Review Board (CIRB) regulations

Study is for people with:

Esophageal Cancer

Phase:

Phase 2

Estimated Enrollment:

224

Study ID:

NCT06203600

Recruitment Status:

Recruiting

Sponsor:

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

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There are 25 Locations for this study

See Locations Near You

Illinois CancerCare-Bloomington
Bloomington Illinois, 61704, United States More Info
Site Public Contact
Contact
309-243-3605
[email protected]
Bryan A. Faller
Principal Investigator
Illinois CancerCare-Canton
Canton Illinois, 61520, United States More Info
Site Public Contact
Contact
309-243-3605
[email protected]
Bryan A. Faller
Principal Investigator
Illinois CancerCare-Carthage
Carthage Illinois, 62321, United States More Info
Site Public Contact
Contact
309-243-3605
[email protected]
Bryan A. Faller
Principal Investigator
Cancer Care Specialists of Illinois - Decatur
Decatur Illinois, 62526, United States More Info
Site Public Contact
Contact
217-876-4762
[email protected]
Bryan A. Faller
Principal Investigator
Decatur Memorial Hospital
Decatur Illinois, 62526, United States More Info
Site Public Contact
Contact
217-876-4762
[email protected]
Bryan A. Faller
Principal Investigator
Illinois CancerCare-Dixon
Dixon Illinois, 61021, United States More Info
Site Public Contact
Contact
815-285-7800
Bryan A. Faller
Principal Investigator
Crossroads Cancer Center
Effingham Illinois, 62401, United States More Info
Site Public Contact
Contact
217-876-4762
[email protected]
Bryan A. Faller
Principal Investigator
Illinois CancerCare-Eureka
Eureka Illinois, 61530, United States More Info
Site Public Contact
Contact
309-243-3605
[email protected]
Bryan A. Faller
Principal Investigator
Illinois CancerCare-Galesburg
Galesburg Illinois, 61401, United States More Info
Site Public Contact
Contact
309-243-3605
[email protected]
Bryan A. Faller
Principal Investigator
Illinois CancerCare-Kewanee Clinic
Kewanee Illinois, 61443, United States More Info
Site Public Contact
Contact
309-243-3605
[email protected]
Bryan A. Faller
Principal Investigator
Illinois CancerCare-Macomb
Macomb Illinois, 61455, United States More Info
Site Public Contact
Contact
309-243-3605
[email protected]
Bryan A. Faller
Principal Investigator
Illinois CancerCare-Ottawa Clinic
Ottawa Illinois, 61350, United States More Info
Site Public Contact
Contact
309-243-3605
[email protected]
Bryan A. Faller
Principal Investigator
Illinois CancerCare-Pekin
Pekin Illinois, 61554, United States More Info
Site Public Contact
Contact
309-243-3605
[email protected]
Bryan A. Faller
Principal Investigator
Illinois CancerCare-Peoria
Peoria Illinois, 61615, United States More Info
Site Public Contact
Contact
309-243-3605
[email protected]
Bryan A. Faller
Principal Investigator
Illinois CancerCare-Peru
Peru Illinois, 61354, United States More Info
Site Public Contact
Contact
309-243-3605
[email protected]
Bryan A. Faller
Principal Investigator
Illinois CancerCare-Princeton
Princeton Illinois, 61356, United States More Info
Site Public Contact
Contact
309-243-3605
[email protected]
Bryan A. Faller
Principal Investigator
Southern Illinois University School of Medicine
Springfield Illinois, 62702, United States More Info
Site Public Contact
Contact
217-545-7929
Bryan A. Faller
Principal Investigator
Illinois CancerCare - Washington
Washington Illinois, 61571, United States More Info
Site Public Contact
Contact
309-243-3605
[email protected]
Bryan A. Faller
Principal Investigator
Mercy Hospital
Cedar Rapids Iowa, 52403, United States More Info
Site Public Contact
Contact
319-365-4673
Deborah W. Wilbur
Principal Investigator
Oncology Associates at Mercy Medical Center
Cedar Rapids Iowa, 52403, United States More Info
Site Public Contact
Contact
319-363-2690
Deborah W. Wilbur
Principal Investigator
Trinity Health Saint Joseph Mercy Hospital Ann Arbor
Ann Arbor Michigan, 48106, United States More Info
Site Public Contact
Contact
734-712-7251
[email protected]
Justin Shaya
Principal Investigator
Trinity Health IHA Medical Group Hematology Oncology - Brighton
Brighton Michigan, 48114, United States More Info
Site Public Contact
Contact
734-712-7251
[email protected]
Justin Shaya
Principal Investigator
Trinity Health Medical Center - Brighton
Brighton Michigan, 48114, United States More Info
Site Public Contact
Contact
734-712-7251
[email protected]
Justin Shaya
Principal Investigator
Trinity Health IHA Medical Group Hematology Oncology - Canton
Canton Michigan, 48188, United States More Info
Site Public Contact
Contact
734-712-7251
[email protected]
Justin Shaya
Principal Investigator
Trinity Health Medical Center - Canton
Canton Michigan, 48188, United States More Info
Site Public Contact
Contact
734-712-7251
[email protected]
Justin Shaya
Principal Investigator
Chelsea Hospital
Chelsea Michigan, 48118, United States More Info
Site Public Contact
Contact
734-712-7251
[email protected]
Justin Shaya
Principal Investigator
Trinity Health IHA Medical Group Hematology Oncology - Chelsea Hospital
Chelsea Michigan, 48118, United States More Info
Site Public Contact
Contact
734-712-7251
[email protected]
Justin Shaya
Principal Investigator
Trinity Health Saint Mary Mercy Livonia Hospital
Livonia Michigan, 48154, United States More Info
Site Public Contact
Contact
734-712-7251
[email protected]
Justin Shaya
Principal Investigator
Trinity Health IHA Medical Group Hematology Oncology Ann Arbor Campus
Ypsilanti Michigan, 48197, United States More Info
Site Public Contact
Contact
734-712-7251
[email protected]
Justin Shaya
Principal Investigator
Saint Francis Medical Center
Cape Girardeau Missouri, 63703, United States More Info
Site Public Contact
Contact
573-334-2230
[email protected]
Bryan A. Faller
Principal Investigator

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

Study is for people with:

Esophageal Cancer

Phase:

Phase 2

Estimated Enrollment:

224

Study ID:

NCT06203600

Recruitment Status:

Recruiting

Sponsor:


National Cancer Institute (NCI)

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

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