Esophageal Cancer Clinical Trial
Neratinib and Fam-Trastuzumab Deruxtecan in Advanced Gastro-esophageal Cancer Patients
This is Phase 1 dose finding trial with potential dose expansion to evaluate the safety, toxicity, recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D), and maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of Neratinib plus TDxD using a standard 3+3 dose escalation design in Patients with metastatic or unresectable gastric adenocarcinoma (including GEJ tumors) that are HER2-overexpressing (IHC 3+ or IHC2+/ISH+). Patients must have progressed or been intolerant of at least one prior line of chemotherapy + HER2 directed therapy.
This is Phase 1 dose finding trial with potential dose expansion to evaluate the safety, toxicity, recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D), and maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of Neratinib plus TDxD using a standard 3+3 dose escalation design in Patients with metastatic or unresectable gastric adenocarcinoma (including GEJ tumors) that are HER2-overexpressing (IHC 3+ or IHC2+/ISH+). Patients must have progressed or been intolerant of at least one prior line of chemotherapy + HER2 directed therapy. A total of 18 patients will be enrolled. It is anticipated that the trials may escalate through 3 different dose levels of Neratinib (120 mg, 160 mg, 200 mg). Both drugs have GI toxicity specifically diarrhea and the combination may have risk of increased toxicity from TDxD due to increase cellular uptake of the cytotoxic payload. If the initial dose level 0 is deemed too toxic, the study investigators and DSMB can make a decision to allow dose reduction of TDxD to 4.4mg/kg (dose level -1) and reintroduction of neratinib at dose level 0, if the toxicities are felt to be related to TDxD. For cycle 1, patients will start with Neratinib lead in starting at Day -7 and TDxD will be administered on Day 1. Each future treatment cycle will comprise of Neratinib administered PO daily for a 21-day cycle with food. TDxD will be administered intravenously on day 1 of a 21-day cycle. All patients will undergo screening transthoracic echocardiography or multigated acquisition scan (MUGA) prior to initiating treatment and every 9 weeks while on treatment. Tumor assessment must be performed every 3 cycles (+/-7 days). The assessment will be conducted before day 1 of each cycle as possible.
Patients must have been diagnosed with histologically or cytologically confirmed gastric adenocarcinoma (including adenocarcinomas of the gastroesophageal junction), and been deemed unresectable or have at least one site of metastatic disease
Patients must have evaluable or measurable disease by RECIST 1.1 criteria
Patients' tumors must have HER2-overexpressing (IHC 3+ or IHC2+/ISH+) advanced gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma.
Patients must have received at least one prior line of HER2 directed therapy for metastatic/unresectable disease and completed treatment at least 2 weeks prior to C1D1
Patients with a prior or concurrent malignancy whose natural history or treatment does not have the potential to interfere with the safety or efficacy assessment of the investigational regimen are eligible for this trial
Age > 18 years.
ECOG performance status 0-2
Patients must have normal organ and marrow function as defined below
Leukocytes > 3,000/mcL
Absolute neutrophil count > 1,500/mcL
Platelets > 90,000/mcL
Hemoglobin > 9 gm/dl
Total bilirubin < 2 times institutional normal limits
AST/ALT (SGOT/SGPT) < 5 times institutional normal limits if liver metastases and + 2 times institutional normal limits otherwise
Creatinine < 2.0mg/dL OR
Creatinine clearance > 50 Ml/min/1.73 m2 for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal
Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction ≥ 45% or lower limit of normal.
Chemotherapy is harmful to the human fetus. For this reason, females of childbearing potential must be willing to use an effective method of contraception, as outlined in Section 4.4, for the course of the study through at least 6 months after the last dose of study medication. Males who have women of childbearing (WOCB) partners must agree to use an effective method of contraception as outlined in Section 4.4 for the course of the study through 8 months after the last dose of study medication.
Patients should be willing and able to swallow oral tablet medications
Ability to understand and willingness to sign a written informed consent and HIPAA consent document
Patients who have had chemotherapy, or radiotherapy within 2 weeks prior to C1D1 or those who have not recovered from adverse events due to agents administered more than 2 weeks earlier (secondary hypothyroidism from prior immunotherapy is permissible if controlled on thyroid hormone replacement). Recovery is defined as any treatment onset adverse events returning to baseline or otherwise deemed not clinically significant.
Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents for advanced cancer and must not have received prior treatment with TDxD
Immunotherapy and treatments involving any investigational agents must be discontinued for >21 days before Cycle 1 Day 1 (C1D1)
Patients with known untreated brain metastases are excluded from this study because of their poor prognosis and frequent development of neurologic dysfunction that would confound the evaluation of neurologic and other adverse events. Treated brain metastases are allowed (requires stability on MRI at least 4 weeks after initial treatment). Patients with treated brain metastases are allowed to be treated with steroid and/or anti-convulsants if the dose remains stable or decreases over the last 4 weeks prior to C1D1
Patients with ongoing diarrhea (> 4 bowel movements/day) unresolved despite medical and best supportive care in the two weeks preceding therapy
Patients will be excluded if they have had interstitial lung disease or pneumonitis or were suspected to have interstitial lung disease or pneumonitis that could not be ruled out on imaging at screening or if they had a history of noninfectious interstitial lung disease or pneumonitis that had been treated with glucocorticoids. Similarly, patients with clinically significant lung disease requiring O2 support or impaired lung function per investigator should be excluded
History of allergic reactions attributed to compound of similar chemical or biologic composition to the agent(s) used in this study
Patients receiving any medications or substances that are strong inhibitors or inducers of Neratinib and/or TDxD are ineligible.
Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
Has a QT interval corrected by Fridericia's formula (QTcF) prolongation to >470 msec (female subjects) or >450 msec (male subjects) based on average of the Screening triplicate12-lead ECG.
Any patients with immune deficiency are at increased risk of lethal infections when treated with marrow-suppressive therapy, including uncontrolled HIV with CD4 count <200, untreated Hepatitis B are excluded from the study. Patients who have been treated for hepatitis C definitively with evidence of sustained virologic response, as well as HIV and hepatitis B patients on treatment with undetectable viral load will be eligible for inclusion.
Pregnant or breast feeding.
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There is 1 Location for this study
Philadelphia Pennsylvania, 19111, United States
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