Esophageal Cancer Clinical Trial

Proton Beam Therapy in the Treatment of Esophageal Cancer

Summary

The investigators plan to include both operable and inoperable patients with esophagus cancer in this prospective trial. Since both proton and photon treatments are biologically equivalent, the investigators do not expect a difference in tumor control compared to intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT). The investigators have a prospective experience of physician-reported toxicity and patient outcome using IMRT for patients with inoperable esophagus cancer that will serve as a comparison group. For the resectable patients receiving trimodality therapy (chemoradiation followed by surgery), the investigators will carefully track toxicity and patient outcomes prospectively. The central hypothesis is that the biologic efficacy for tumor control should be similar between protons and photons, and therefore survival measures should be similar between the two groups, but that the main difference lies in the total severe toxicities experienced by the patients undergoing therapy.

View Eligibility Criteria

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Histologically or cytologically documented adenocarcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma of the cervical or thoracic esophagus or gastroesophageal junction or cardia of stomach.
Staged by PET/CT and esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) or endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) OR CT w/contrast and EGD to have stage II or III disease per AJCC 7th edition guidelines
Prior endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) with a diagnosis of stage II or III esophageal cancer (AJCC 7th edition) is eligible, irrespective of margin status.
Induction chemotherapy prior to concurrent chemoradiation is allowed.
Prior thoracic radiation is allowable if degree of overlap with the esophageal radiotherapy treatment is deemed to be safe by the treating radiation oncologist.
At least 18 years of age.
ECOG performance status < 2

Normal bone marrow and organ function as defined below:

WBC > 2,500/mcL
Platelets > 75,000/mcl
Total bilirubin < 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (IULN)
AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) < 3.0 x IULN
Creatinine < 1.5 x IULN OR Creatinine clearance > 50 mL/min/1.73 m2 for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal
Women of childbearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control, abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she must inform her treating physician immediately.
Ability to understand and willingness to sign an IRB approved written informed consent document.
English speaker.
Financial coverage for proton therapy.

Exclusion Criteria:

Planned treatment with radiation therapy alone without concurrent chemotherapy or chemotherapy alone.
Previous or concomitant cancers within the past 3 years other than curatively treated carcinoma in situ of the cervix, basal cell carcinoma of the skin, curative treatment for transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder, and low risk prostate cancer. Except for prostate cancer (which can be observed if low risk), other cancers listed must have been treated in the past 3 years without evidence of recurrence at the time of registration.
Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia not controlled by pacer device, myocardial infarction within 3 months of registration, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
Pregnant and/or breastfeeding. Patient must have a negative pregnancy test within 7 days of the start of treatment.

Study is for people with:

Esophageal Cancer

Phase:

Phase 2

Estimated Enrollment:

22

Study ID:

NCT03482791

Recruitment Status:

Active, not recruiting

Sponsor:

Washington University School of Medicine

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There is 1 Location for this study

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Washington University School of Medicine
Saint Louis Missouri, 63110, United States

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

Study is for people with:

Esophageal Cancer

Phase:

Phase 2

Estimated Enrollment:

22

Study ID:

NCT03482791

Recruitment Status:

Active, not recruiting

Sponsor:


Washington University School of Medicine

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

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