Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Clinical Trial

A Pilot Project Exploring the Impact of Whole Genome Sequencing in Healthcare

Summary

The MedSeqâ„¢ Project seeks to explore the impact of incorporating information from a patient's whole genome sequence into the practice of clinical medicine. In the extension phase of MedSeq we are attempting increase our participant diversity by increasing targeted enrollment of African/African American patient participants.

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Full Description

Whole genome sequencing (WGS) and whole exome sequencing (WES) services are currently available to and are being utilized by physicians and their patients in both research and clinical settings. The widespread availability and use of WGS and WES in the practice of clinical medicine is imminent. In the very near future, sequencing of individual genomes will be inexpensive and ubiquitous, and patients will be looking to the medical establishment for interpretations, insight and advice to improve their health. Developing standards and procedures for the use of WGS information in clinical medicine is an urgent need, but there are numerous obstacles related to integrity and storage of WGS data, interpretation and responsible clinical integration. MedSeq™ seeks to develop a process to integrate WGS into clinical medicine and explore the impact of doing so.

We believe that WGS will be used in many ways, including two distinct and complementary situations. In generally healthy patients, physicians will use the results of WGS to derive insight into future health risks and inform prevention and surveillance efforts, a category we refer to as General Genomic Medicine. In patients presenting with a family history or symptoms of a disease, physicians will use the results of WGS to interrogate particular sets of genes known to be associated with the disease in question, a category we refer to as Disease-Specific Genomic Medicine.

Beginning in fall 2012, we will enroll 10 primary care physicians and 100 of their healthy middle-aged patients to evaluate the use of General Genomic Medicine, and 10 cardiologists and 100 of their patients presenting with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) or dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) to evaluate the use of Disease-Specific Genomic Medicine. We will randomize physicians and their patients within each of the above models to receive clinically meaningful information derived from WGS versus current standard of care without the use of WGS.

MedSeq™ is comprised of three distinct but highly collaborative projects. Project 1 will enroll physicians and patients into the protocol, educate the physicians on basic genomic principles and safely monitor the use of genomic information in clinical practice. Project 2 will use a WGS analysis/interpretation pipeline to generate a genome report on each patient randomized to receive WGS in this protocol. Project 3 will examine preferences and motivations of physicians and patients enrolled, evaluate the flow and utilization of genomic information within the clinical interactions, and assess understanding, behavior, medical consequences and healthcare costs associated with the use of WGS in these models of medical practice.

In an extension phase of the study, we will 1) recruit approximately 10-15 patient-participants who self-identify as African or African American, whose physicians deem to be healthy. All will be placed in the whole genome-sequencing arm of the study. They will undergo the same activities as traditional MedSeq participants except for randomization. 2) We will conduct a targeted phenotype assessment on MedSeq Project patient-participants who are identified to have a monogenic finding. We plan to perform additional analysis by reviewing their medical records and looking specifically with their variant in mind to see if features associated with the variants were known prior to the study or were identified by further testing or by their physical during the course of the study.

This initiative will significantly accelerate the use of genomics in clinical medicine by creating and safely testing novel methods for integrating information from WGS into physicians' care of patients.

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Eligibility Criteria

Note for Age Eligibility:

Cardiology patients 18 Years to 90 Years OR
Primary Care Patients 40 Years to 65 Years (Adult, Senior)

Inclusion Criteria:

Primary Care

Generally healthy (as defined by the primary care provider) adult patients at Brigham and Women's Hospital ages 40-65. All patients must be fluent in English.

Cardiology

Patients in the Partners Healthcare System who are 18 years or older with a diagnosis of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) or dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and a family history of HCM or DCM who previously had or who are candidates for targeted HCM or DCM genetic testing through routine clinical practice within Partners. All patients must be fluent in English.

Exclusion Criteria:

Primary Care

Patients who do not meet the above criteria. Patients with cardiac disease or a progressive debilitating illness. Patients who are pregnant or patients whose spouses/significant others are pregnant. Patients with untreated clinical anxiety or depression (as measured by a Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) score > 11 administered at the baseline study visit.)

Cardiology

Patients who do not meet the above criteria. Patients with a progressive debilitating illness. Patients who are pregnant or patients whose spouses/significant others are pregnant. Patients with untreated clinical anxiety or depression (as measured by a Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) score > 11 administered at the baseline study visit.)

Extension Phase - Additional Inclusion Criteria

Part 1:

Above inclusion and exclusion criteria PLUS:
Inclusion: Self-identify as African or African American.

Part 2:

Inclusion Criteria

MedSeq participants determined to have a monogenic finding

Exclusion Criteria

Participants not previously enrolled in MedSeq Project
Participants not identified to have a monogenic finding

Study is for people with:

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

Estimated Enrollment:

213

Study ID:

NCT01736566

Recruitment Status:

Completed

Sponsor:

Brigham and Women's Hospital

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There is 1 Location for this study

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Brigham and Women's Hospital
Boston Massachusetts, 02115, United States

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Study is for people with:

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

Estimated Enrollment:

213

Study ID:

NCT01736566

Recruitment Status:

Completed

Sponsor:


Brigham and Women's Hospital

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

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