Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Clinical Trial

Effect of Beta-blockers on Structural Remodeling and Gene Expression in the Failing Human Heart

Summary

The primary goal of the study is to measure in the intact human heart, the alterations in gene expression over time that are associated with reverse remodeling in response to β-blockade. The second goal is to investigate the signaling mechanisms which in turn are responsible for these changes in gene expression, and the third goal is to determine the relationship between intrinsic systolic dysfunction and remodeling of the left ventricle. This will be accomplished by measuring ventricular size, function, and gene expression in myocardial tissue samples obtained by percutaneous biopsy prior to initiation of β-blockade and at 3 and 12 months after start of therapy. The specific Aims and Hypotheses to be tested are:

Aim: Determine the changes in gene expression associated with changes in intrinsic systolic function and with functional decompensation in the intact, failing human heart.

a. Hypothesis: Changes in the expression of select genes precede or accompany changes in left ventricular systolic function in humans with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC).

Aim: Identify signaling mechanisms responsible for alterations in expression of key genes involved in mediation of ventricular hypertrophy or contractile dysfunction.

a. Hypothesis: Myocardial-failure-associated regulation of select messenger ribonucleic acids and proteins are related to left ventricular wall stress and neurohormonal signaling.

Aim: In the relationship between contractile dysfunction and dilatation/remodeling, determine the relationship between contractile dysfunction and structural remodeling.

b. Hypothesis: the contractile dysfunction is primary and structural remodeling secondary.

View Eligibility Criteria

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy with New York Heart Association Class II-IV symptoms
No evidence of coronary artery disease by angiography within 2 years of randomization
If female, patient is (a) surgically sterile or (b) practices an accepted method of birth control and has negative serum pregnancy test
Patient has been on other conventional cardiac heart failure(CHF) therapy at least 3 weeks prior to baseline assessments (includes angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, digoxin, diuretics, and/or vasodilators)
Patient has left ventricular ejection fraction < 40% by radionuclide ventriculography within 60 days of randomization
Patient must demonstrate mental and physical ability and willingness to follow all study-specific instructions
Patient must voluntarily sign Institutional Review Board (IRB)-approved informed consent form prior to any study-specific procedure

Exclusion Criteria:

Patient has heart failure due to or associated with uncorrected primary valvular disease, uncorrected thyroid disease, obstructive/hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, pericardial disease, amyloidosis, active myocarditis, or malfunctioning artificial heart valve.
Patient is actively on heart transplant list or anticipated to be within 6 months of randomization

Patient is receiving any of the following medicines:

Calcium channel blockers
Theophylline
Tricyclic antidepressants
Monoamine oxidase inhibitors
β-agonists
β-adrenergic blocking agent (oral)
Any investigational cardiovascular medication or involvement in another investigational trial
Flecainide, encainide, propafenone, sotalol, disopyramide, or amiodarone
Patient has a contraindication to β-blockade (eg asthma)
Patient has another life-threatening disease with life expectancy < 2 years due to other illness
Patient has active hepatic, renal, hematologic, gastrointestinal, immunologic, endocrine, metabolic, or central nervous system disease which may adversely affect the safety and efficacy of the study drug or life span of the patient
Unstable decompensated heart failure (evidence of hypoperfusion, acute pulmonary edema, or hypotension with SBP < 80 mm Hg)
Patient is actively abusing ethanol or illicit drugs within 3 months of randomization
Patient has an automatic implantable cardiac defibrillator that has fired within 3 months of randomization
Patient has an asymptomatic waking, resting heart rate < 50 bpm or symptomatic bradycardia < 60 bpm.
Patient has uncontrolled insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus with a history of frequent hypoglycemia episodes
Patient has a high degree atrioventricular block (Mobitz Type II or complete heart block)
Patient is unable to tolerate magnetic resonance imaging procedures
Patient has demonstrated non-compliance with previous medical regimens

Study is for people with:

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

Phase:

Phase 4

Estimated Enrollment:

56

Study ID:

NCT01798992

Recruitment Status:

Completed

Sponsor:

University of Colorado, Denver

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There are 2 Locations for this study

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University of Colorado Hospital
Denver Colorado, 80220, United States
University of Utah Medical Center
Salt Lake City Utah, 84132, United States

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

Study is for people with:

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

Phase:

Phase 4

Estimated Enrollment:

56

Study ID:

NCT01798992

Recruitment Status:

Completed

Sponsor:


University of Colorado, Denver

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

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