Lung Cancer Clinical Trial
A Vaccine (CIMAvax-EGF) for the Prevention of Lung Cancer Development or Recurrence
This early phase I trial studies the side effects of a vaccine called CIMAvax-EGF and to see how well it works in preventing lung cancer from developing in patients at high risk for lung cancer or coming back (recurrence) in stage IB-IIIA non-small cell lung cancer survivors. In many cancers such as lung cancer, there is a protein receptor called EGFR (epidermal growth factor receptor) that is overexpressed within these cancers. Activation of EGFR has shown to lead to tumor growth and development. Previous studies have indicated that EGFR activation is present in the airways of cancer-free subjects as well. CIMAvax-EGF vaccine works by causing the body to make antibodies against EGF that is being produced that could be possibly driving the risk for developing cancer.
I. To determine the efficacy of the vaccine based on circulating EGF and anti-EGF antibodies.
II. To access the molecular profile of blood, bronchial and nasal brushes, and bronchial biopsies to identify molecular markers associated with treatment and response.
III. To establish the safety of recombinant human EGF-rP64K/montanide ISA 51 vaccine (CIMAvax-EGF) treatment in cancer-free individuals using the Cancer Therapy Evaluation Program (CTEP) National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE version 5).
I. To evaluate quality of life score changes using European Organization for the Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Quality of Life Questionnaire (QLQ)-Core 30 (C30) in patients who are at high risk for development of lung cancer or recurrence during CIMAvax-EGF treatment.
LOADING PHASE: Patients receive recombinant human EGF-rP64K/montanide ISA 51 vaccine intramuscularly (IM) at 0, 2, 4 and 6 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
MAINTENANCE PHASE: Patients receive recombinant human EGF-rP64K/montanide ISA 51 vaccine IM once every 4 weeks (Q4W) in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 60 days.
Confirmed no evidence of cancer on computed tomography (CT) scan within 6 months prior to starting treatment
Have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of =< 2
Patients must have platelets >= 100 x 10^9/L
Participants of child-bearing potential must agree to use adequate contraceptive methods (e.g., hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry
Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately
Participant must understand the investigational nature of this study and sign an Independent Ethics Committee/Institutional Review Board approved written informed consent form prior to receiving any study related procedure
PATIENTS AT HIGH-RISK FOR LUNG CANCER COHORT ONLY (COHORT A)
Must have documented at least one risk factor for lung cancer which includes:
Moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) defined as FEV1/FVC ratio <=75%
Positive family history of lung cancer defined as a first degree relative
Low body mass index (BMI)
History of pneumonia within the last 5 years prior to enrollment
Occupational exposure such as asbestos, radon and any other that investigator would deem high risk
Must have quit smoking =< 15 years ago or be a current smoker
Must have at least 30 pack year smoking history
Must have documented pulmonary function test within the last 3 years prior to enrollment. If a patient cannot tolerate a pulmonary function test, an incentive spirometry will be acceptable in place of a pulmonary function test
LUNG CANCER SURVIVOR COHORT ONLY (COHORT B)
1. If patient received surgery or any adjuvant therapy for initial diagnosis of lung cancer, it must have been completed at least 3 months prior to enrollment. Prior surgery or any therapy is not required for eligibility
Confirmed non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) stage IA through 3A at initial diagnosis
Clinically inappropriate to have a bronchoscopy procedure
Known uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, history of clinically significant cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
Pregnant or nursing female participants
Unwilling or unable to follow protocol requirements
Any condition which in the investigator's opinion deems the participant an unsuitable candidate to receive study drug
Received an investigational agent within 30 days prior to enrollment
Has known immunosuppressive disease (e.g. human immunodeficiency virus [HIV], acquired immunodeficiency syndrome [AIDS] or other immune depressing disease). Testing is not mandatory
Patient has known hypersensitivity to the components of the study drugs or any analogs
History of autoimmune disorder, with exception of patients with vitiligo or endocrine-related autoimmune conditions receiving appropriate hormonal supplementation who are eligible. Systemic use of immunosuppressant drugs such as steroids (except as hormone replacement therapy or short-course supportive medication such as chemotherapy or drug allergy, etc.), azathioprine, tacrolimus, cyclosporine, etc. within 4 weeks before recruitment
The following special populations are excluded from this study:
Cognitively impaired adults/adults with impaired decision-making capacity
Individuals who are not yet adults (infants, children, teenagers)
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