Lung Cancer Clinical Trial

Adjuvant Treatment With Cisplatin-based Chemotherapy Plus Concomitant Atezolizumab in Patients With Stage I (Tumors ≥ 4cm), IIA, IIB, and Select Stage III [Any T1-3 N1-2 and T4N0-2] Resected Non-small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) and the Clearance of Circulating Tumor DNA (ctDNA)

Summary

The vast majority of patients with stage I (tumors ≥ 4cm), IIA, IIB (and select stage III) NSCLC are managed with upfront surgery, followed by adjuvant chemotherapy. However, relapse rates remain high and are primarily due to distant, metastatic disease. Previous meta-analysis evaluating the use of neo-adjuvant chemotherapy and adjuvant chemotherapy demonstrate a similar impact on improved disease free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS). The role of checkpoint inhibitors has been proven to be effective in the treatment of patients with advanced NSCLC, regardless of histology and PD-L1 expression. Results from trials evaluating the use of checkpoint inhibitors alone or in combination with chemotherapy in the neoadjuvant setting for early stage disease are promising. However, there are no trials evaluating the role of concomitant chemotherapy and checkpoint inhibitors in the adjuvant setting. In addition, emerging data supports the use of ctDNA as a promising biomarker for early detection of minimal residual disease and have indicated that the presence of detectable ctDNA after surgery for localized lung cancer is correlated with a 90-100% chance for disease recurrence. Therefore, we propose this current study assessing concomitant chemotherapy plus Atezolizumab in the adjuvant setting for patients with stage I (tumors ≥ 4cm), IIA, IIB (and select stage III) NSCLC who have detectable ctDNA after surgery. The clearance of ctDNA will serve as a surrogate for long term DFS and OS in this patient population.

View Eligibility Criteria

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Written informed consent and HIPAA authorization for release of personal health information. NOTE: HIPAA authorization may be included in the informed consent or obtained separately.
Age >= 18 years at the time of consent.
ECOG Performance Status of 0-1 within 28 days prior to registration.
Patients must have undergone complete surgical resection of their stage I (tumors >= 4cm), IIA, IIB, and select stage III [any T1-3 N1-2 and T4N0-2] NSCLC according to the AJCC 8th edition with negative margins (R0).
Squamous or non-squamous NSCLC histology. Cancers with a histology of "adenosquamous" are considered a type of adenocarcinoma and thus "non-squamous histology".
Surgery for this lung cancer must be completed <= 60 days prior to starting treatment.
Must have tissue available to perform prospective correlative testing. Tissue block is preferred but 10-15 unstained slides (5 μm thick) are also acceptable. If prior PD-L1 results with Dako 22C3 antibody are not available, an additional 5 unstained slides (4 μm thick) must be submitted.
Demonstrate adequate organ function as defined in the protocol; all screening labs to be obtained within 28 days prior to registration.
Females of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 7 days prior to registration NOTE: Females are considered of childbearing potential unless they are surgically sterile (have undergone a hysterectomy, bilateral tubal ligation, or bilateral oophorectomy) or they are naturally postmenopausal for at least 12 consecutive months

For women of childbearing potential: agreement to remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or use contraceptive methods, and agreement to refrain from donating eggs, as defined below:

Women must remain abstinent or use contraceptive methods with a failure rate of < 1% per year during the treatment period and for 5 months after the final dose of atezolizumab.
A woman is considered of childbearing potential if she is postmenarchal, has not reached a postmenopausal state (> or equal to 12 continuous months of amenorrhea with no identified cause other than menopause), and has not undergone surgical sterilization (removal of ovaries and/or uterus). The definition of childbearing potential may be adapted for alignment with local guidelines or requirements.
Examples of contraceptive methods with a failure rate of < 1% per year include bilateral tubal ligation, male sterilization, hormonal contraceptives that inhibit ovulation, hormone-releasing intrauterine devices, and copper intrauterine devices.
The reliability of sexual abstinence should be evaluated in relation to the duration of the clinical trial and the preferred and usual lifestyle of the patient. Periodic abstinence (e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, or post-ovulation methods) and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception.
Contraception method must begin starting from the time of informed consent until 5 months after treatment discontinuation.

For men: Agreement to remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or use a condom, and agreement to refrain from donating sperm, as defined below:

With female partners of childbearing potential or pregnant female partners, men must remain abstinent or use a condom during the treatment period and for 5 months after the last dose of study treatment to avoid exposing the embryo. Men must refrain from donating sperm during this same period.
The reliability of sexual abstinence should be evaluated in relation to the duration of the clinical trial and the preferred and usual lifestyle of the patient. Periodic abstinence (e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, or post-ovulation methods) and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception.
As determined by the enrolling physician or protocol designee, ability of the subject to understand and comply with study procedures for the entire length of the study

Exclusion Criteria:

Tumors that have any component of small cell or large cell neuroendocrine histology are NOT eligible.
Tumors that are known to harbor EGFR mutations or ALK re-arrangements are NOT eligible.
Prior chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or immunotherapy is NOT allowed for the treatment of this lung cancer.
Prior chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy is permissible for the treatment of other previous cancers, but must have been completed at least 3 months prior to registration for this trial.
Other active cancers.
History of leptomeningeal disease.
Prior therapy with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, or anti-PD-L2 agent or with an agent directed to another stimulatory or co-inhibitory T-cell receptor (e.g., CTLA-4, OX-40, CD137).
Has received a live vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of study drug. Examples of live vaccines include, but are not limited to, the following: measles, mumps, rubella, varicella/zoster (chicken pox), yellow fever, rabies, Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG), and typhoid vaccine. Seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally killed virus vaccines and are allowed; however, intranasal influenza vaccines (e.g., FluMist®) are live attenuated vaccines and are not allowed.
Is currently participating in or has participated in a study of an investigational agent or has used an investigational device within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of study treatment.

Note: Participants who have entered the follow-up phase of an investigational study may participate as long as it has been 4 weeks after the last dose of the previous investigational agent.

Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving chronic systemic steroid therapy (in dosing exceeding 10 mg daily of prednisone equivalent) or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 1 week prior to registration.
Has severe hypersensitivity (>= Grade 3) to atezolizumab and/or any of its excipients.
History of severe allergic anaphylactic reactions to chimeric or humanized antibodies or infusion proteins.
Has active or history of autoimmune disease or immune deficiency that includes but is not limited to myasthenia gravis, myositis, autoimmune hepatitis, systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, Wegener's granulomatosis, Sjögren's syndrome, Guillain-Barré syndrome, or multiple sclerosis.
Known interstitial lung disease that is symptomatic or may interfere with detection or management of suspected drug-related pulmonary toxicity are not permitted.
Has a history of (non-infectious) pneumonitis that required steroids or has current pneumonitis.
Uncontrolled pleural effusion, pericardial effusion, or ascites requiring recurrent drainage procedures (once monthly or more frequently). Patients with indwelling catheters (e.g. PleurX) are allowed.
Uncontrolled or symptomatic hypercalcemia (ionized calcium >1.5 mmol/L, calcium >12mg/dL or corrected serum calcium >ULN).
Significant cardiovascular disease within 3 months prior to initiation of study treatment (such as New York Heart Association Class II or greater cardiac disease, myocardial infarction, or cerebrovascular accident), unstable arrhythmia, or unstable angina.
For patients receiving therapeutic anticoagulation: unstable anticoagulant regimen.
Has a severe infection within 4 weeks prior to initiation of study treatment, including but not limited to hospitalization for complications of infection, bacteremia, or severe pneumonia.
Has a known history of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). Note: HIV testing is not required.

Has a known history of Hepatitis B or known active Hepatitis C virus infection. Note: If Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C status is unknown, testing is required:

Subject must have negative total hepatitis B core antibody (HBcAb) test at screening, or positive total HBcAb test followed by a negative hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA test at screening. The HBV DNA test will be performed only for patients who have a positive total HBcAb test.
Subject must have negative hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody test at screening, or positive HCV antibody test followed by a negative HCV RNA test at screening. The HCV RNA test will be performed only for patients who have a positive HCV antibody test. A positive HCV RNA test is sufficient to diagnose active HCV infection in the absence of an HCV antibody test.
Has a known history of active TB (Bacillus Tuberculosis).
Prior allogeneic stem cell or solid organ transplantation.
Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the study, interfere with the subject's participation for the full duration of the study, or is not in the best interest of the subject to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator.
Has known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the trial.
Is pregnant or breastfeeding or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the study, starting with the screening visit through 5 months after the last dose of study drug.

Study is for people with:

Lung Cancer

Phase:

Phase 2

Estimated Enrollment:

100

Study ID:

NCT04367311

Recruitment Status:

Recruiting

Sponsor:

Nasser Hanna

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There are 9 Locations for this study

See Locations Near You

Banner MD Anderson Cancer Center
Gilbert Arizona, 85234, United States More Info
Charlotte Tsinnijinnie
Contact
480-256-5075
[email protected]
Helen Ross, MD
Principal Investigator
Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine
Chicago Illinois, 60611, United States More Info
Amber Galbreath
Contact
312-695-1591
[email protected]
Nisha Mohindra, MD
Principal Investigator
Indiana University Melvin and Bren Simon Cancer Center
Indianapolis Indiana, 46202, United States More Info
Lori Tyson, RN
Contact
317-274-0895
[email protected]
Nasser Hanna, MD
Principal Investigator
Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey
New Brunswick New Jersey, 08903, United States More Info
Linda Barron, RN, BSN-CPN, MSN
Contact
732-235-6850
[email protected]
Missak Haigentz, MD
Principal Investigator
New York University Clinical Cancer Center
New York New York, 10016, United States More Info
Ethel Yepes
Contact
212-263-4477
[email protected]
Elaine Shum, MD
Principal Investigator
Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center
Columbus Ohio, 43210, United States More Info
Charles Tobin
Contact
614-293-2506
[email protected]
Dwight Owen, MD
Principal Investigator
Penn State Cancer Institute
Hershey Pennsylvania, 17033, United States More Info
Barbara Husic
Contact
717-531-5471
[email protected]
Patrick Ma, Md
Principal Investigator
Penn State Cancer Institute
Hershey Pennsylvania, 17033, United States More Info
CI-CTO Reg Penn State
Contact
[email protected]
Patrick Ma, MD
Principal Investigator
University of Virginia Health System
Charlottesville Virginia, 22908, United States More Info
Kirsten Bugden
Contact
434-243-7064
[email protected]
Richard Hall, MD
Principal Investigator
University of Wisconsin
Madison Wisconsin, 53705, United States More Info
Meghan Dykstra, RN, CHPN
Contact
608-262-9457
[email protected]
Anne Traynor, MD
Principal Investigator

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

Study is for people with:

Lung Cancer

Phase:

Phase 2

Estimated Enrollment:

100

Study ID:

NCT04367311

Recruitment Status:

Recruiting

Sponsor:


Nasser Hanna

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

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