Lung Cancer Clinical Trial
Durvalumab and Grid Therapy for the Treatment of Non-small Cell Lung Cancer in Patients Who Progressed During or After Treatment With the PACIFIC Regimen
This phase II trial tests the safety and side effects of durvalumab and grid therapy in treating patients with non-small cell lung cancer who have progressed during or within 6 months of durvalumab administration for non-small cell lung cancer. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as durvalumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Radiation therapy uses high energy sources to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Spatially fractionated radiation therapy or "grid therapy" is a technique which delivers high doses of radiation to small areas of the tumor which can lead to more concentrated tumor cell killing and causes less damage to normal tissue. Giving grid therapy with durvalumab may help durvalumab work better to kill tumor cells in patients with non-small cell lung cancer.
I. To describe the safety of grid + durvalumab using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version (v)5.0.
I. Evaluation of overall response rate using Immune-related Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (iRECIST) in a non-irradiated metastatic lesion.
II. Evaluation of development of any additional sites of metastatic disease in the setting of oligorecurrence or local recurrence alone.
III. Evaluation of response in the radiated lesion using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1 criteria.
IV. Evaluation of time to change from durvalumab to another systemic therapy.
I. Monitoring of peripheral blood immunity markers before and after grid therapy.
Patients receive durvalumab intravenously (IV) over 60 minutes on day 1 of each cycle. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 24 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients undergo grid therapy on day 1. Beginning 7-14 days after grid therapy, patients also undergo palliative radiation therapy for 5 fractions.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 days and then every 8-12 weeks for up to 5 years from date of registration.
Age >= 18 years
Primary non-small cell lung cancer treated previously on PACIFIC regimen (concurrent chemoradiation followed by durvalumab for stage III lung cancer)
Progression during durvalumab administration or within 6 months after completion of final durvalumab infusion
Body weight > 30 kg
Extracranial lesion >= 4 cm amenable to grid therapy
Patients with brain metastases are permitted to enroll
Patients with polymetastatic disease are permitted to enroll
Patients with local recurrence are permitted to enroll
Patients who do not have rapid polymetastatic progression (at the discretion of the enrolling physician)
Patients who have not had stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) within 1 month of enrollment
Patients may receive conventional palliative radiation to other symptomatic metastatic disease
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-2
Hemoglobin >= 9.0 g/dL (obtained =< 15 days prior to registration)
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1500/mm^3 (obtained =< 15 days prior to registration)
Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3 (obtained =< 15 days prior to registration)
Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) or direct bilirubin =< ULN if total bilirubin is > 1.5 x ULN (obtained =< 15 days prior to registration)
Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate transaminase (AST) =< 2.5 x ULN (=< 5 x ULN for patients with liver involvement) (obtained =< 15 days prior to registration)
Creatinine OR glomerular filtration rate (GFR) =< 1.5 x ULN OR GFR > 60 mL/min for patients with creatinine > 1.5 x ULN (obtained =< 15 days prior to registration)
Negative pregnancy test done =< 7 days prior to registration, for persons of childbearing potential only
Persons able to become pregnant OR able to father a child must be willing to use an adequate method of contraception while on treatment and for 120 days after last treatment
Life expectancy >= 12 weeks
Provide written informed consent
Willingness to provide mandatory blood specimens for correlative research
Willing to return to Mayo Clinic for follow-up (during the Active Monitoring Phase of the study)
Any of the following because this study involves an investigational agent whose genotoxic, mutagenic, and teratogenic effects on the developing fetus and newborn are unknown:
Persons of childbearing potential OR able to father a child who are unwilling to employ adequate contraception
Co-morbid systemic illnesses or other severe concurrent disease which, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study or interfere significantly with the proper assessment of safety of the prescribed regimens
Active autoimmune disease requiring systemic treatment, documented history of severe autoimmune disease, or a syndrome that requires systemic steroids or immunosuppressive agents
NOTE: Exceptions are allowed for:
Resolved childhood asthma/atopy
Intermittent use of bronchodilators or inhaled steroids
Daily steroids at dose of =< 10mg of prednisone (or equivalent)
Local steroid injections
Stable hypothyroidism on replacement therapy
Stable diabetes mellitus on non-insulin therapy
Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to:
Ongoing or active infection requiring systemic therapy
Interstitial lung disease
Serious, chronic gastrointestinal conditions associated with diarrhea (e.g., Crohn's disease or others)
Known active hepatitis B (i.e., known positive hepatitis B virus [HBV] surface antigen [HBsAg] reactive)
Known active hepatitis C (i.e., positive for hepatitis C virus [HCV] ribonucleic acid [RNA] detected by polymerase chain reaction [PCR])
Known active tuberculosis (TB)
Symptomatic congestive heart failure
Unstable angina pectoris
Unstable cardiac arrhythmia or
Psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements (e.g., substance abuse)
History of myocardial infarction =< 6 months, or congestive heart failure requiring use of ongoing maintenance therapy for life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias
Receiving any other investigational agent which would be considered as a treatment for the primary neoplasm
Hypersensitivity to durvalumab or any of its excipients
Previous adverse event attributed to durvalumab or other PD-1 or PD-L1 directed therapy that led to drug discontinuation
History of grade >= 3 immune-related adverse event or any grade of immune-related neurologic or ocular adverse event while receiving immunotherapy
Note: Patients who had endocrine adverse events =< grade 2 are allowed to enroll if they are stable on appropriate replacement therapy and asymptomatic
Other active malignancy < 6 months prior to registration
EXCEPTIONS: Non-melanotic skin cancer, papillary thyroid cancer, prostate cancer, or carcinoma-in-situ of the cervix, or others curatively treated and now considered to be at less than 30% risk of relapse
Major surgical procedure (as defined by the Investigator) within 28 days prior to the first dose of investigational product (IP)
Note: Local surgery of isolated lesions for palliative intent is acceptable
History of allogenic organ transplantation
History of active primary immunodeficiency
Known to have tested positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (positive HIV 1/2 antibodies) or active tuberculosis infection (clinical evaluation that may include clinical history, physical examination and radiographic findings, or tuberculosis testing in line with local practice)
Known active hepatitis infection, positive hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody, hepatitis B virus (HBV) surface antigen (HBsAg) or HBV core antibody (anti-HBc), at screening. Participants with a past or resolved HBV infection (defined as the presence of anti-HBc and absence of HBsAg) are eligible. Participants positive for HCV antibody are eligible only if polymerase chain reaction is negative for HCV RNA. Adjust wording as necessary and consider evaluating at screening for studies with known hepatotoxicity or other relevant requirements
Receipt of live attenuated vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of IP
Note: Patients, if enrolled, should not receive live vaccine whilst receiving IP and up to 30 days after the last dose of IP
Current or prior use of immunosuppressive medication within 14 days before the first dose of durvalumab. The following are exceptions to this criterion:
Intranasal, inhaled, topical steroids, or local steroid injections (e.g., intra articular injection)
Systemic corticosteroids at physiologic doses not to exceed <<10 mg/day>> of prednisone or its equivalent
Steroids as premedication for hypersensitivity reactions (e.g., computed tomography [CT] scan premedication)
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