Lung Cancer Clinical Trial
MUC1 Vaccine in Preventing Lung Cancer in Current and Former Smokers at High Risk for Lung Cancer
This pilot phase I trial studies the side effects and how well MUC1 peptide-Poly-ICLC vaccine works in preventing lung cancer in current and former smokers at high risk for lung cancer. Vaccines made from peptides may help the body build an effective immune response to kill cells. MUC1 peptide-Poly-ICLC vaccine may stimulate the body's immune system and slow or stop the changes from normal to pre-cancer to cancer.
I. Immunogenicity of the vaccine, assessed at week 12, based on the increase in IgG anti-MUC1 antibody titer over the pre-vaccination levels.
II. Safety, assessed throughout the trial and continued observation for 24 weeks.
I. To explore potential differences, if any, in the immunogenicity of the vaccine (as assessed at week 12 by the IgG anti-MUC1 antibody titer ratio) in current versus (vs.) former smokers.
II. To evaluate pre-vaccination levels of circulating myeloid derived suppressor cells (MDSC) and correlate with the ability to respond to the vaccine.
I. To explore immune response at week 24. II. To explore the relationship between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) status at pre-registration and immune response in current versus former smokers.
III. To explore the impact of the MUC1 peptide-Poly-ICLC vaccine (MUC1/Poly-ICLC vaccine) on inflammation-related high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels.
IV. To explore the impact of baseline levels of hsCRP and IL-6 on the ability to successfully vaccinate with MUC1/Poly-ICLC.
V. To establish a biospecimen repository archive: frozen peripheral blood live cells and plasma for future more detailed and comprehensive immunologic assays, including direct testing of anti-MUC1 T cell immunity.
Patients receive MUC1 peptide-Poly-ICLC vaccine subcutaneously (SC) at weeks 0, 2, and 10.
After completion of study treatment, patients may be followed up at week 28.
PRE-REGISTRATION INCLUSION CRITERIA
Smoking history of >= 30 pack-years AND either current smoker (still smoking or quit < 1 year prior to pre-registration) OR former smoker (quit 1-15 years prior to pre-registration); Note: Pack years is determined by multiplying the number of packs smoked per day by the number of years smoked
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 1
Computed tomography (CT) scan of the chest done =< 6 months prior to pre-registration showing either negative findings (no nodules) or solid or part-solid nodules < 6 mm in size (consistent with < 1% probability of malignancy, Lung-Reporting and Data Systems [RADs] version 1.0)
Willingness to employ adequate contraception, if applicable; Note: women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her study physician immediately
Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document
REGISTRATION INCLUSION CRITERIA
Leukocytes (white blood cell [WBC]) >= 3,000/microliter
Neutrophils (absolute neutrophil count [ANC]) >= 1,500/microliter
Platelets >= 100,000/microliter
Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) Note: Higher total bilirubin levels (=< 3 mg/dL) can be allowed if due to known benign liver condition, i.e. Gilbert's
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)
Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)
Creatinine =< institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)
PRE-REGISTRATION EXCLUSION CRITERIA
History of any malignancy; exceptions: non-melanoma skin cancer or carcinoma in situ (CIS) of the cervix
Known hepatitis B or C
Receiving any other investigational agents
Any prior investigational immune therapy, such as for lung cancer prevention or treatment or for CIS of the cervix
Use of oral or systemic steroids or other systemic anti-immune therapy =< 90 days prior to pre-registration; Note: Use of inhaled/nasal steroids and local steroid injections for pain control are not exclusionary
Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
Known autoimmune disease
Known non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) or non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)
History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to MUC1/Poly-ICLC
Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
REGISTRATION EXCLUSION CRITERIA
Any positive antinuclear antibody (ANA) titer above 1:160, even in an asymptomatic individual. Note: Weakly positive ANA defined as ANA titers up to 1:160 maximum (=< 1:160) will be acceptable in an asymptomatic individual who is otherwise eligible for the study
Pregnant or breast feeding; Note: Pregnant women are excluded from this study because the MUC1/Poly-ICLC vaccine may have the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects. Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events (AEs) in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with MUC1/Poly-ICLC vaccine, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with the vaccine
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There are 2 Locations for this study
Rochester Minnesota, 55905, United States
Pittsburgh Pennsylvania, 15232, United States
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