Lung Cancer Clinical Trial
Osimertinib in Treating Participants With Stage I-IIIA EGFR-mutant Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Before Surgery
This phase II trial studies how well osimertinib works in treating participants with stage I-IIIA Epithelial Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) -mutant non-small cell lung cancer before surgery. Osimertinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking mutant EGFR signaling in cancer cells.
I. To evaluate the efficacy of osimertinib as neoadjuvant therapy in patients with surgically resectable EGFR-mutant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
I. To evaluate the safety of osimertinib given as neoadjuvant therapy in early stage EGFR-mutant NSCLC participants.
II. To evaluate whether neoadjuvant osimertinib treatment increases the frequency of tumors that are unresectable due to adverse events or disease progression.
III. To evaluate secondary measures of clinical efficacy in early stage EGFR-mutant NSCLC patients treated with osimertinib induction therapy.
I. To evaluate long-term measures of efficacy in patients treated with osimertinib neoadjuvant therapy.
II. To explore tissue and cell-free biomarkers that may be predictive of response or primary resistance to osimertinib neoadjuvant therapy.
Participants receive osimertinib orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-28. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 2 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients then undergo surgical resection of their cancer.
After completion of study treatment, participants are followed up at 30 days then every 3 months for up to 1 year.
Males and females >=18 years of age
Histologically or cytologically confirmed non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), performed on a biopsy that occurred within the last 90 days. This biopsy can be deferred if the procedure is deemed to represent an unacceptable safety risk to the patient by the Principal Investigator and as long as the patient has a prior biopsy showing non-small cell lung cancer.
Documented activating EGFR mutation (Exon 19 deletion, T790M, or L858R) on tumor samples by Clinical Laboratory Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA)-approved test
Patients treated with osimertinib or another EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) (including erlotinib, afatinib, gefitinib, & rocelitinib) are eligible if they received no more than 28 days of treatment, and if there is no evidence of grade 2 or greater treatment adverse events possibly related to treatment with the EGFR TKI.
Positron emission tomography (PET)-computed tomography (CT) within the last 60 days showing radiographic stage I to IIIa lung cancer (mediastinal staging biopsy is allowed but not required)
Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (or CT if contraindication to MRI) within the last 60 days showing no evidence of metastatic disease
Documentation that the patient is a candidate for surgical resection of their lung cancer by an American Board of Thoracic Surgery certified surgeon
The patient must have a tumor size >=1 centimeter (cm) in its longest diameter.
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status (PS) of 0-1
Any unresolved toxicities from prior therapy greater than Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) grade 1 at the time of starting study treatment, with the exception of alopecia and grade 2 prior platinumtherapy-related neuropathy is allowed
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
Bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN, (Patients with documented Gilbert's syndrome and conjugated bilirubin within the normal range may be allowed into the study; in this event, it will be documented that the patient was eligible based on conjugated bilirubin levels)
Potassium and magnesium within normal range, patients may receive supplements to meet this requirement
Leukocytes > 3,000/microliter (mcL)
Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL, with no blood transfusions in the 28 days prior to study entry
Absolute neutrophil count > 1,500/mcL
Platelets > 100,000/mcL
Creatinine Clearance (CrCl) > 50 mL/min for patients with serum creatinine (SCr) > 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
Ability to swallow oral medications
Women of childbearing potential (WoCBP) must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 3 days prior to the first dose of study treatment and agree to use highly effective contraception, during the study and for 90 days following the last dose of osimertinib
Women of childbearing potential (WoCBP): women between menarche and menopause who have not been permanently or surgically sterilized and are capable of procreation
Women NOT of childbearing potential: women who are permanently or surgically sterilized or postmenopausal
Permanent sterilization includes hysterectomy and/or bilateral oophorectomy and/or bilateral salpingectomy but excludes bilateral tubal occlusion; tubal occlusion is considered a highly effective method of birth control but does not absolutely exclude possibility of pregnancy; (the term occlusion refers to both occluding and ligating techniques that do not physically remove the oviducts)
Women who have undergone tubal occlusion should be managed on trials as if they are of WoCBP (e.g. undergo pregnancy testing etc., as required by the study protocol)
Women will be considered postmenopausal if they are amenorrhoeic for 12 months without an alternative medical cause; the following age-specific requirements apply:
Women under 50 years old will be considered postmenopausal if they have been amenorrhoeic for 12 months or more following cessation of exogenous hormonal treatments and with luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone levels in the postmenopausal range
Women over 50 years of age will be considered postmenopausal if they have been amenorrhoeic for 12 months or more following cessation of all exogenous hormonal treatments
Acceptable contraception methods are:
Total sexual abstinence (abstinence must be for the total duration of the trial and the follow-up period)
Vasectomized sexual partner plus male condom (with participant assurance that partner received post-vasectomy confirmation of azoospermia)
Tubal occlusion plus male condom
Intra-uterine device - provided coils are copper-banded, plus male condom
Intra-uterine system (IUS) levonorgestrel IUS (e.g., Mirena), plus male condom
Medroxyprogesterone injections (Depo-Provera) plus male condom
Etonogestrel implants (e.g., Implanon, Norplan) plus male condom
Normal and low dose combined oral contraceptive pills, plus male condom
Norelgestromin / ethinylestradiol transdermal system plus male condom
Intravaginal device (e.g., ethinylestradiol and etonogestrel) plus male condom
Cerazette (desogestrel) plus male condom (Cerazette is currently the only highly efficacious progesterone based pill)
Unacceptable Contraception Methods The following methods are considered not to be highly effective and are therefore not acceptable contraceptive methods:
Triphasic combined oral contraceptives
All progesterone only pills except, Cerazette
All barrier methods, if intended to be used alone
Non-copper containing intra-uterine devices
Fertility awareness methods
Men with a female partner of childbearing potential must have either had a prior vasectomy agree to use effective contraception as described in the full protocol for at least 14 days prior to administration of the first dose of study treatment, during the study, and for 90 days following the last dose of osimertinib
Leptomeningeal carcinomatosis or other central nervous system (CNS) metastases
Stage IIIB, or distant metastases (including malignant pleural effusion) identified on PET-CT scan or biopsy (PET abnormalities that are negative for malignancy on biopsy will be considered on a case by case basis
Past medical history of interstitial lung disease, drug-induced interstitial lung disease, radiation pneumonitis which required steroid treatment, or any evidence of clinically active interstitial lung disease
Patients who are known to be serologically positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
Active second malignancy, i.e. patient known to have potentially fatal cancer present for which he/she may be (but not necessarily) currently receiving treatment; patients with a history of malignancy that has been completely treated, with no evidence of that cancer currently, are permitted to enroll in the trial provided all chemotherapy for prior malignancy was completed > 12 months prior and/or bone marrow transplant > 2 years prior
Patients who are currently receiving treatment with contraindicated corrected QT interval (QTc) prolonging medications or potent CYP3A4 inducers, if that treatment cannot be either discontinued or switched to a different medication prior to first day of study treatment. All patients must try to avoid concomitant use of any medications, herbal supplements and/or ingestion of foods with known inducer effects
Any of the following cardiac abnormalities or history:
Mean resting corrected QT interval (QTc) > 470 msec, obtained from 3 electrocardiograms (ECGs), using the screening clinic ECG machine derived QTc value
Any clinically important abnormalities in rhythm, conduction or morphology of resting ECG e.g. complete left bundle branch block, third degree heart block and second degree heart block
Any factors that increase the risk of QTc prolongation or risk of arrhythmic events such as heart failure, hypokalaemia, congenital long QT syndrome, family history of long QT syndrome or unexplained sudden death under 40 years of age in first degree relatives or any concomitant medication known to prolong the QT interval
Treatment with prohibited medications (concurrent anticancer therapy including chemotherapy, radiation, hormonal treatment [except corticosteroids and megesterolacetate], or immunotherapy) =< 14 days prior to treatment with osimertinib
Any evidence of severe or uncontrolled systemic diseases, including uncontrolled hypertension and active bleeding diatheses, which in the investigator?s opinion makes it undesirable for the patient to participate in the trial or which would jeopardize compliance with the protocol, or known active infection including chronic active hepatitis B, hepatitis C and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV); screening for chronic conditions is not required; patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) with negative HBV viral load on appropriate antiviral therapy will be permitted, if able to continue appropriate antiviral therapy throughout treatment period
Signs or symptoms of infection within 2 weeks prior to first day of study
Therapeutic oral or intravenous (IV) antibiotics within 2 weeks prior to first day of study treatment:
Patients receiving prophylactic antibiotics (eg, to prevent a urinary tract infection or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbation) are eligible
Class II to IV heart failure as defined by the New York Heart Association functional classification system
Patients with known coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure not meeting the above criteria, or left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 50% must be on a stable medical regimen that is optimized in the opinion of the treating physician, in consultation with a cardiologist if appropriate, to be eligible
Patients who have experienced untreated and/or uncontrolled cardiovascular conditions and/or have symptomatic cardiac dysfunction (unstable angina, congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction within the previous 3 months; coronary angioplasty, or stenting or bypass grafting within the past 6 months; cardiac ventricular arrhythmias requiring medication; any history of second (2nd) or third (3rd) degree atrioventricular conduction defects)
Females who are pregnant or breastfeeding
Presence of active gastrointestinal (GI) disease (including GI bleeding or ulceration) or other condition that could affect GI absorption (e.g. malabsorption syndrome, history of biliary tract disease), including refractory nausea or vomiting, or chronic GI disease which may affect absorption or tolerance to oral medications
History of hypersensitivity to active or inactive excipients of osimertinib or drugs with a similar chemical structure or class to osimertinib
Involvement in the planning and/or conduct of the study (applies to both investigator staff and/or staff at the study site)
Participation in another clinical study with an investigational product during the last 2 months or within five half-lives of the compound, whichever is longer
Uncontrolled medical, psychological, familial, sociological, or geographical conditions that interfere with the patient?s safety, ability to provide informed consent, or ability to comply with the protocol
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There are 3 Locations for this study
Davis California, 95864, United States
San Francisco California, 94143, United States
Aurora Colorado, 80045, United States
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