Melanoma Clinical Trial
CD8+ Antigen-Specific T Cells, Cyclophosphamide, Aldesleukin, and Ipilimumab in Treating Patients With Metastatic Melanoma
This phase II trial studies the side effects and how well white blood cells taken from person's own (autologous) cluster of differentiation (CD)8+ antigen-specific T cells, cyclophosphamide, aldesleukin, and ipilimumab work in treating patients with melanoma that has spread to another place in the body. Autologous CD8+ antigen-specific T cells are white blood cells that are designed in the laboratory to find melanoma cells and may kill them. Biological therapies, such as aldesleukin, use substances made from living organisms that may stimulate the immune system in different ways and stop tumor cells from growing. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as ipilimumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cyclophosphamide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving autologous CD8+ antigen-specific T cells with cyclophosphamide, aldesleukin, and ipilimumab may be an effective treatment for patients with metastatic melanoma.
I. Evaluate the safety and efficacy of adoptively transferred cytotoxic T-lymphocytes (CTL) targeting melanoma tumors combined with anti-CTLA4.
I. Evaluate the influence of anti-CTLA4 on the duration of in vivo persistence and anti-tumor efficacy achieved following adoptive transfer of antigen-specific CTL.
II. Evaluate the influence of anti-CTLA4 on the induction of T cells to non-targeted tumor-associated antigens (antigen-spreading) following adoptive transfer antigen-specific CTL, and the correlation of these responses with clinical outcome.
Beginning 48 to 72 hours prior to T cell infusion, patients receive cyclophosphamide intravenously (IV) over 30-60 minutes. Patients then receive autologous CD8+ melanoma-specific T cells IV over 30-60 minutes on day 0, aldesleukin subcutaneously (SC) twice daily (BID) on days 0-13 and ipilimumab IV over 90 minutes on days 1, 22, 43, and 64 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for up to 5 years.
ELIGIBILITY FOR ENROLLMENT
Histopathologic documentation of melanoma concurrent with the diagnosis of metastatic disease
Expression of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-A2
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG)/Zubrod performance status of '0-1' at screening visit
Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must be using an adequate method of contraception to avoid pregnancy throughout the study in such a manner that the risk of pregnancy is minimized; suggested precautions should be used to minimize the risk of pregnancy for at least 1 month before start of therapy, and while women are on study for up to 3 months after T cell infusion, and at least 8 weeks after the study drug is stopped; WOCBP include any female who has experienced menarche and who has not undergone successful surgical sterilization (hysterectomy, bilateral tubal ligation or bilateral oophorectomy) or is not postmenopausal
Men must be willing and able to use an acceptable method of birth control, for at least 3 months after completion of the study, if their sexual partners are WOCBP
Willing and able to give informed consent
Adequate venous access - consider peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) or central line
Evaluation of v-raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homolog B (BRAF)V600 mutation status
Measurable tumor (by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors [RECIST] criteria)
Melan-A (MART) 1 or solute carrier family 45, member 2 (SLC45A2) (+) staining results; (if patients have not had staining test in the past, the test will be run after patient consent is obtained, but before enrollment)
ELIGIBILITY FOR TREATMENT (INCLUDES CYCLOPHOSPHAMIDE, T CELL, ANTI-CTLA4 INFUSIONS AND SC IL-2)
ECOG/Zubrod performance status of '0-1'
At least 4 weeks must have elapsed since the last chemotherapy, radiotherapy or major surgery; at least 6 weeks for nitrosoureas, mitomycin C and liposomal doxorubicin; if started before T-cell administration, ipilimumab infusions must be least 21 days apart
Toxicity related to prior therapy must either have returned to =< grade 1, baseline, or been deemed irreversible
Persons of reproductive potential must agree to use and utilize an adequate method of contraception throughout treatment and for at least 8 weeks after study drug is stopped
Willing and able to give informed consent.
EXCLUSION FOR ENROLLMENT
Any other malignancy from which the patient has been disease-free for less than 5 years, with the exception of adequately treated and cured basal or squamous cell skin cancer, superficial bladder cancer, carcinoma in situ of the cervix
Pregnant women, nursing mothers, men or women of reproductive ability who are unwilling to use effective contraception; women of childbearing potential with a positive pregnancy test within 3 days prior to entry
Active and untreated central nervous system (CNS) metastasis (including metastasis identified during screening magnetic resonance imaging [MRI] or contrast computed tomography [CT])
No signs or symptoms of CNS metastases (mets) within the last 30 days (from enrollment evaluation)
No single lesion larger than 1 cm
No more than 5 lesions
Autoimmune disease: patients with a history of inflammatory bowel disease are excluded from this study, as are patients with a history of autoimmune disease (e.g. systemic lupus erythematosus, vasculitis, infiltrating lung disease) whose possible progression during treatment would be considered by the investigator to be unacceptable
Any underlying medical or psychiatric condition, which in the opinion of the investigator, will make the administration of study drug hazardous or obscure the interpretation of adverse events, such as a condition associated with frequent diarrhea
Positive screening tests for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B (hep B), and hepatitis C (hep C) (referencing blood draw at leukapheresis screening); if positive results are not indicative of true active or chronic infection, the patient can be treated
White blood cells (WBC) =< 1000/uL
Hematocrit (Hct) =< 24% or hemoglobin (Hb) =< 8 g/dL
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) =< 500
Platelets =< 50,000
Creatinine >= 3.0 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) >= 2.5 x ULN
Bilirubin >= 3 x ULN
Steroids are not permitted 3 days prior to T cell infusion and concurrently during therapy
Any non-oncology vaccine therapy used for the prevention of infectious disease within 1 month before or after any ipilimumab dose
Patients may not be on any other treatments for their cancer aside from those included in the protocol; patients may not undergo another form of treatment concurrently with this study
EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR TREATMENT
WBC =< 1000/uL (prior to cyclophosphamide and T cell infusions)
Hct =< 24% or hemoglobin =< 8 g/dL (prior to cyclophosphamide and T cell infusions)
ANC =< 500 (prior to cyclophosphamide and T cell infusions)
Platelets =< 50,000 (prior to cyclophosphamide and T cell infusions)
Creatinine >= 3.0 x ULN (prior to cyclophosphamide and T cell infusions)
AST/ALT >= 2.5 x ULN (prior to cyclophosphamide and T cell infusions)
Bilirubin >= 3 x ULN (prior to cyclophosphamide and T cell infusions)
Pregnant women, nursing mothers, men or women of reproductive ability who are unwilling to use effective contraception; women of childbearing potential with a positive pregnancy test within 3 days prior to entry.
Steroids are not permitted 3 days prior to T cell infusion and concurrently during therapy.
Any non-oncology vaccine therapy used for the prevention of infectious disease within 1 month before or after any ipilimumab dose.
Patients may not be on any other treatments for their cancer aside from those included in the protocol. Patients may not undergo another form of treatment concurrently with this study.
Active and untreated central nervous system (CNS) metastasis (including metastasis identified during screening MRI or contrast CT):
No signs or symptoms of CNS mets within the last 30 days (from enrollment evaluation).
No single lesion larger than 1cm
No more than 5 lesions
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There is 1 Location for this study
Houston Texas, 77030, United States
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