Melanoma Clinical Trial
NeoVax + CDX-301 and Nivolumab in Melanoma
This research study is studying the drugs called NeoVax (a new type of personalized neoantigen vaccine) in combination with CDX-301 and Nivolumab as a possible treatment for melanoma.
The names of the study drugs involved in this study are:
Personalized Neoantigen peptides (which combined with poly-ICLC make the vaccine NeoVax)
The purpose of this Phase I study is to determine if it is possible to safely administer a personalized neoantigen vaccine (NeoVax) in combination with the study drug CDX-301 and Nivolumab against melanoma by using information gained from specific characteristics of someone's own melanoma. The study will also be determining what the appropriate dose of CDX-301 to be given in combination with NeoVax and Nivolumab.
The FDA (the U.S. Food and Drug Administration) has not approved personalized neoantigen peptides, poly-ICLC , or CDX-301 as a treatment for any disease.
The FDA has approved Nivolumab as a treatment option for metastatic melanoma.
It is known that melanoma cancers have mutations (changes in genetic material) that are specific to an individual patient and tumor. These mutations can cause the tumor cells to produce proteins that appear very different from the body's own cells.It is possible that these proteins used in a vaccine may induce strong immune responses, which may help someone's body fight any tumor cells that could cause the melanoma to come back in the future.
The personalized Neovax vaccine will be made of protein fragments, called peptides, from an individual's mutated melanoma tumor cells mixed with Poly-ICLC. Poly-ICLC is a drug that binds proteins on the surface of certain immune cells and helps to activate the immune system.
CDX-301 is a drug involved in regulating the activity and proliferation of a type of cell named dendritic cell. Dendritic cells are key in enhancing the activation of the immune system in response to the NeoVax vaccine, so the immune system has a better chance to recognize the tumor cells and attack them.
Nivolumab is an antibody that prevents cancer cells from suppressing one's immune response so that their body can attack and kill the cancer.
The research study procedures include: screening for eligibility and study treatment including evaluations and follow up visits.
Participants will receive study treatment for as long as they do not have serious side effects and their disease does not get worse for a maximum of 2 years and will be followed for 5 years since study therapy initiation
It is expected that about 20 people will take part in this research study
Celldex Therapeutics is supporting this research by providing CDX-301.
Eligibility to participate will be assessed at one timepoint: prior to initial core needle/surgical biopsy (Initial Registration).
Participant is willing and able to give written informed consent
Participants must have histologically confirmed stage IIIB/C/D or stage IV cutaneous melanoma (mucosal melanoma or uveal melanoma are excluded) that is surgically resected, is deemed surgically resectable, or is unresectable; tumor tissue for sequence analysis must be available from either previous melanoma resection/biopsy or at least one site of disease must be amenable to surgical or core biopsy
Age ≥ 18 years
ECOG performance status of 0 or 1
Recovered from all toxicities associated with prior treatment, to acceptable baseline status (as to Lab toxicity see below limits for inclusion) or a National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI CTCAE) version 5.0, Grade of 0 or 1, except for toxicities not considered a safety risk, such as alopecia or vitiligo
Participants must have normal organ and marrow function as defined below:
Hemoglobin ˃ 9.0 g/dL
Total Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN (except subjects with Gilbert Syndrome, who can have total bilirubin < 3.0 mg/dL)
AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) ≤ 3 x ULN
Creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN OR
Creatinine clearance ≥40 mL/min/1.73 m2 for participants with creatinine levels above institutional normal (if using the Cockcroft-Gault formula below):
Female CrCl = (140 - age in years) x weight in kg x 0.85 72 x serum creatinine in mg/dL
Male CrCl = (140 - age in years) x weight in kg x 1.00 72 x serum creatinine in mg/dL
Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) should have a negative serum pregnancy test (minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units of HCG) within 24 hours prior to the start of Nivolumab, because the effects of NeoVax plus Montanide and Nivolumab on the developing human fetus are unknown
Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with study agents, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated Nivolumab, Personalized Neoantigen vaccine, and CDX-301
Female participants enrolled in the study, who are not free from menses for >2 years, post hysterectomy / oophorectomy, or surgically sterilized, should be willing to use either 2 adequate barrier methods or a barrier method plus a hormonal method of contraception to prevent pregnancy or to abstain from sexual activity throughout the study, starting with visit 1 through 5 months after the last dose of study therapy. Approved contraceptive methods include for example: intra uterine device, diaphragm with spermicide, cervical cap with spermicide, male condoms, or female condom with spermicide. Spermicides alone are not an acceptable method of contraception. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately.The investigational product will be permanently discontinued in an appropriate manner.
Male participants should agree to use an adequate method of contraception starting with visit 1 through 7 months after the last dose of study therapy
Prior immunotherapy for metastatic melanoma except for anti-CTLA-4. Patients with unresectable melanoma who have received PD-1 inhibition therapy as adjuvant therapy and stopped receiving PD-1 inhibition for a period of ≥ 6 months before starting treatment with Nivolumab are allowed to participate.
Concomitant therapy with any anti-cancer agents, other investigational anti-cancer therapies, or immunosuppressive agents including but not limited to methotrexate, chloroquine, azathioprine, etc. within six months of study participation
Active brain metastases or leptomeningeal metastases
Use of a non-oncology vaccine therapy for prevention of infectious diseases (with the exception of vaccination against the SARS-CoV-2 virus for the prevention of COVID-19 disease) during the 4 week period prior to first dose of Nivolumab. Participants may not receive any non-oncology vaccine therapy during the period of Nivolumab or NeoVax plus CDX-301 administration and until at least 8 weeks after the last dose of study therapy. Given the severity of the COVID-19 pandemic, vaccination specifically against the SARS-CoV-2 virus for the prevention of COVID-19 is ALLOWED in this study.
History of severe allergic reactions attributed to any vaccine therapy for the prevention of infectious diseases
Active, known or suspected autoimmune disease. Subjects are permitted to enroll if they have vitiligo, type I diabetes mellitus, residual hypothyroidism due to autoimmune condition only requiring hormone replacement, psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger
A condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (> 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents) or other immunosuppressive medications within 14 days of study drug administration. Inhaled or topical steroids and adrenal replacement doses > 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease. Corticosteroids used as pre-medication for imaging studies are allowed.
Test positive for hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBV sAg) or hepatitis C virus ribonucleic acid (HCV antibody) indicating acute or chronic infection
Known history of testing positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or known acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Known sensitivity or allergy to Nivolumab or CDX-301
Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to ongoing or active infection requiring treatment, symptomatic
Any underlying medical condition, psychiatric condition or social situation that in the opinion of the investigator would compromise study administration as per protocol or compromise the assessment of AEs
Planned major surgery (except for surgery for resection of melanoma if applicable).
Patients with known mutations/amplifications in Flt-3
Pregnant women are excluded from this study because Nivolumab, personalized neoantigen peptides and poly-ICLC are agents with unknown risks to the developing fetus. Because there is an unknown but potential risk of adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with Nivolumab, personalized neoantigen peptides and poly-ICLC, nursing women are excluded from this study
Individuals with a history of an invasive malignancy are ineligible except for the following circumstances: a) individuals with a history of invasive malignancy are eligible if they have been disease-free for at least 3 years and are deemed by the investigator to be at low risk for recurrence of that malignancy; b) individuals with the following cancers are eligible if diagnosed and treated - carcinoma in situ of the breast, oral cavity or cervix, localized prostate cancer, basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin
Prisoners, or subjects who are compulsory detained are not eligible to participate
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There is 1 Location for this study
Boston Massachusetts, 02215, United States More Info
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