Melanoma Clinical Trial

Stereotactic Radiation Therapy and Ipilimumab in Treating Patients With Metastatic Melanoma

Summary

This phase II trial studies the effectiveness of the combination of stereotactic radiation therapy and ipilimumab in patients with metastatic melanoma that has spread to four or fewer sites in the body (oligometastatic). Stereotactic radiation therapy is a type of external beam radiation therapy that uses special equipment to position the patient and precisely give a either a single large dose of radiation therapy to a tumor or several large doses of radiation therapy to a tumor using precision and accuracy that is guided by onboard daily imaging prior to radiation therapy. Monoclonal antibodies, such as ipilimumab, can block tumor growth in different ways. Some monoclonal antibodies find tumor cells and help kill them or carry tumor-killing substances to them. Giving stereotactic radiosurgery together with ipilimumab may kill more tumor cells by causing addition melanoma antigens to be presented to the immune system.

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Full Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the progression-free survival of patients with oligometastatic melanoma treated with the combination of stereotactic ablative radiation therapy (SABR) (stereotactic radiosurgery) and ipilimumab in patients with oligometastatic melanoma using modified World Health Organization (mWHO) criteria.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate the 6-month progression-free survival of the combination of SABR and 3 mg/kg ipilimumab in patients with oligometastatic melanoma using immune related response criteria (irRC) criteria.

II. To evaluate the tolerability and safety of the combination. III. To evaluate the response rate based on mWHO & irRC criteria. IV. To evaluate the local control rate. V. To evaluate the overall survival rate.

TERTIARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Evaluate changes in blood and serum markers: absolute lymphocyte count, T-cell activation markers, T-cell suppression markers, T-helper cells and related cytokines, T-regulatory (T-reg) markers, co-stimulatory molecules, and serum cytokines when SABR is added to the ipilimumab regimen.

II. Evaluate genomic deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) mutations in key melanoma genes and their correlation with response, progression-free survival, and overall survival.

OUTLINE:

Patients receive ipilimumab intravenously (IV) over 90 minutes on day 1 in weeks 1, 4, 7, and 10. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for up to 4 total doses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. At approximately 5-6 weeks, patients undergo stereotactic radiosurgery over 2-3 days per week. Patients with stable disease or confirmed partial or complete response after completion of ipilimumab therapy at week 12 may receive re-induction ipilimumab at the discretion of the treating physician.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 and 90 days, every 3 months for 2 years, every 6 months for 3 years, and then annually for 5 years.

View Eligibility Criteria

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Willing and able to give written informed consent
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-2
Histologic diagnosis of melanoma with metastatic disease to a visceral organ (lung, liver, brain, adrenal, nodal station outside the regional lymph drainage of the primary, vertebral bodies)
1-3 sites of metastatic disease able to be targeted by SABR
White blood cells (WBC) >= 2000/uL
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1000/uL
Platelets >= 75 x 10^3/uL
Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL (>= 80 g/L; may be transfused)
Creatinine =< 2.0 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2.5 x ULN for patients without liver metastasis, =< 5 times for liver metastases
Bilirubin =< 2.0 x ULN, (except patients with Gilbert's syndrome, who must have a total bilirubin less than 3.0 mg/dL)
No active or chronic infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B, or hepatitis C

Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must be using an adequate method of contraception to avoid pregnancy throughout the study and for up to 26 weeks after the last dose of investigational product, in such a manner that the risk of pregnancy is minimized

WOCBP include any female who has experienced menarche and who has not undergone successful surgical sterilization (hysterectomy, bilateral tubal ligation, or bilateral oophorectomy) or is not post-menopausal; post-menopause is defined as:

Amenorrhea >= 12 consecutive months without another cause, or
For women with irregular menstrual periods and taking hormone replacement therapy (HRT), a documented serum follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) level >= 35 mIU/mL
Women who are using oral contraceptives, other hormonal contraceptives (vaginal products, skin patches, or implanted or injectable products), or mechanical products such as an intrauterine device or barrier methods (diaphragm, condoms, spermicides) to prevent pregnancy, or are practicing abstinence or where their partner is sterile (eg, vasectomy) should be considered to be of childbearing potential
WOCBP must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test (minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units of HCG) within 72 hours before the start of ipilimumab
Men of fathering potential must be using an adequate method of contraception to avoid conception throughout the study (and for up to 26 weeks after the last dose of investigational product) in such a manner that the risk of pregnancy is minimized

Exclusion Criteria:

Any other malignancy from which the patient has been disease-free for less than 3 years, with the exception of adequately treated and cured basal or squamous cell skin cancer, superficial bladder cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix
Autoimmune disease: patients with a history of inflammatory bowel disease, including ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, are excluded from this study, as are patients with a history of symptomatic disease (eg, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic progressive sclerosis [scleroderma], systemic lupus erythematosus, autoimmune vasculitis [eg, Wegener's Granulomatosis]); motor neuropathy considered of autoimmune origin (e.g. Guillain-Barre syndrome and Myasthenia Gravis)
Any underlying medical or psychiatric condition, which in the opinion of the investigator will make the administration of ipilimumab hazardous or obscure the interpretation of adverse events (AEs), such as a condition associated with frequent diarrhea
Any non-oncology vaccine therapy used for prevention of infectious diseases (for up to 1 month before or after any dose of ipilimumab)
A history of prior treatment with ipilimumab or prior cluster of differentiation (CD)137 agonist or cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4 (CTLA-4) inhibitor or agonist
A history of prior treatment with anti-programmed death (PD)-1 or anti-PD-L1 antibodies
Concomitant therapy with any of the following: interleukin (IL)-2, interferon, other non-study immunotherapy regimens, cytotoxic chemotherapy, other investigation therapies
Concomitant therapy with immune-suppressants or chronic use of systemic corticosteroids
Must be off prior systemic therapies for 2 weeks prior to enrollment; patients that have been previously treated with systemic therapy adjuvantly or for metastatic disease remain eligible as long as they continue to meet all other eligibility criteria (oligometastatic, no visceral metastasis > 5 cm, eligible for SABR)
Prior radiation therapy that at the treating physician's discretion makes SABR unsafe
No evidence of pleural effusion or ascites
Congestive heart failure > class II New York Heart Association (NYHA) or unstable angina
Cardiac ventricular arrhythmias requiring anti-arrhythmic therapy
Major surgery, open biopsy or significant traumatic injury within 2 weeks of first dose of study drug
A visceral metastasis greater than 5 cm
A visceral metastasis that due to its location cannot be safely treated with SABR

Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP), defined above who:

Are unwilling or unable to use an acceptable method of contraception to avoid pregnancy for their entire study period and for at least 8 weeks after cessation of study drug, or
Have a positive pregnancy test at baseline, or
Are pregnant or breastfeeding
Prisoners or subjects who are compulsorily detained (involuntarily incarcerated) for treatment of either a psychiatric or physical (eg, infectious) illness
Have a known immediate or delayed hypersensitivity reaction or idiosyncrasy to drugs chemically related to study drug, or excipients or to dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO)
Persons of reproductive potential must agree to use an adequate method of contraception throughout treatment and for at least 8 weeks after ipilimumab is stopped
Sexually active WOCBP must use an effective method of birth control during the course of the study, in a manner such that risk of failure is minimized; before study enrollment, WOCBP must be advised of the importance of avoiding pregnancy during study participation and the potential risk factors for an unintentional pregnancy; all WOCBP MUST have a negative pregnancy test before first receiving ipilimumab; if the pregnancy test is positive, the patient must not receive ipilimumab and must not be enrolled in the study

Study is for people with:

Melanoma

Phase:

Phase 2

Estimated Enrollment:

8

Study ID:

NCT02107755

Recruitment Status:

Completed

Sponsor:

Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center

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There is 1 Location for this study

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Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center
Columbus Ohio, 43210, United States

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Study is for people with:

Melanoma

Phase:

Phase 2

Estimated Enrollment:

8

Study ID:

NCT02107755

Recruitment Status:

Completed

Sponsor:


Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

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