Melanoma Clinical Trial
Transarterial Chemoembolization for the Treatment of Uveal Melanoma With Liver Metastases
This phase II trial studies the effect of transarterial chemoembolization in treating patients with uveal melanoma that has spread to the liver (liver metastases). Transarterial chemoembolization involves the injection of a blocking agent (gelatin sponge, ethiodized oil) and a chemotherapy agent (carmustine) directly into the artery in the liver to treat liver cancers. Chemotherapy drugs, such as carmustine, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. transarterial chemoembolization with carmustine in combination with ethiodized oil and gelatin sponge may help cause the tumors in the liver to shrink or disappear.
To determine the efficacy (clinical response) in terms of disease control rate (DCR) (complete response [CR] + partial response [PR] + stable disease [SD]) with chemoembolization of hepatic metastases with 300 mg of carmustine (BCNU) in ethiodized oil in metastatic uveal melanoma patients.
To investigate overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) in uveal melanoma patients with hepatic metastases.
To assess the toxicity of the above treatment regimen.
Patients undergo transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) by receiving an infusion of carmustine dissolved in ethiodized oil and an injection of gelatin sponge. Treatment repeats once every 4 weeks (Q4W) for bilobar disease or once every 7 weeks (Q7W) for unilobar disease in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity or until maximum clinical benefit is obtained.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 days, and then every 2 months for up to 2 years.
Histologically confirmed metastatic uveal melanoma in the liver
Tumor burden < 75%. Patients must have at least one tumor measuring >= 10 mm in longest diameter by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or triphasic computed tomography (CT) (if MRI is not available or contraindicated)
No prior transarterial catheter-directed therapies. Prior hepatic tumor ablation, hepatic radiation or liver resection will be permitted as long as growing measurable liver tumors exists. Prior systemic treatments are allowed as long as there are no outstanding toxicities greater than grade 1
Willingness and ability to give informed consent
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-1
Serum creatinine =< 2.0 mg/dl
Bilirubin =< 2.0 mg/ml. Exceptions will be made for patients with diagnosed Gilbert's Syndrome. In this instance, a bilirubin level =< 3.0 mg/ml will be allowed for this patients with this syndrome
Albumin >= 3.0 g/dl
Granulocyte count >= 1500/m^3
Platelet count >= 150,000/m^3
Less than 18 years of age
Previous liver-directed treatments including immunoembolization, chemoembolization, radioembolization, hepatic arterial perfusion, or drug-eluting beads
Presence of life-limiting extrahepatic metastasis that requires systemic treatment within 3 months. However, radiation treatment of extrahepatic metastases such as bone, lymph nodes or subcutaneous metastases will be permitted while the patient is on study. Zometa or X-Geva to treat bone metastases will also be permitted. Immune check-point inhibitors while on study will NOT be permitted
Portal vein occlusion, or inadequate collateral portal venous flow, as determined by MRI
Known active viral or autoimmune hepatitis requiring treatments with serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) and serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT) equal or greater than 5 times normal
Presence of uncontrolled hypertension or congestive heart failure, or acute myocardial infarction within 6 months of entry
Presence of any other medical conditions that imply a survival of less than six months
Uncontrolled severe bleeding tendency or active gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding due to varices or main portal vein occlusion. Abnormal coagulation test must be corrected prior to the procedure
History of life-threatening allergic reaction to iodinated contrast or BCNU despite pre-treatment with steroids
Pregnant and/or breastfeeding women
Presence of known untreated brain metastases. If patients have had previous treatment for brain metastasis, an MRI or CT of the brain must confirm the stabilization of the brain metastasis for more than 4 weeks
Biliary obstruction, biliary stent, or prior biliary surgery including sphincterotomy but excluding cholecystectomy
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