Multiple Myeloma Clinical Trial

Alternate Doses and Dosing Schedules of Belantamab Mafodotin for Treatment of Triple-Class Refractory Multiple Myeloma

Summary

This phase II trial tests alternate doses and dosing schedules of belantamab mafodtin in treating patients with triple-class multiple myeloma that has come back (after a period of improvement) (recurrent) and/or does not respond to treatment (or that has not responded to previous treatment) (refractory). Belantamab mafodotin is a monoclonal antibody, belantamab, linked to a chemotherapy drug, mafodotin. Belantamab is a form of targeted therapy because it attaches to specific molecules (receptors) on the surface of cancer cells, known as BCMA receptors, and delivers mafodotin to kill them. This trial may help researchers determine if alternate doses and dosing schedules work better in preventing certain side effects, such as eye toxicity, and treating patients with recurrent or refractory multiple myeloma.

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Full Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

I. To assess the grade 3/4 keratopathy-free rate at the time of dose #4 of an alternative dose/dosing schedule of belantamab mafodotin in patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM).

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess the overall response rate (ORR; partial response or better) of an alternative dose/dosing schedule of belantamab mafodotin in patients with RRMM.

II. To assess the safety of an alternative dose/dosing schedule of belantamab mafodotin in patients with RRMM.

III. To assess the time to progression (TTP) of an alternative dose/dosing schedule of belantamab mafodotin in patients with RRMM.

IV. To assess the progression free survival (PFS) with an alternative dose/dosing schedule of belantamab mafodotin in patients with RRMM.

V. To assess the overall survival (OS) with an alternative dose/dosing schedule of belantamab mafodotin in patients with RRMM.

VI. To assess the minimal residual disease (MRD) negativity rate in patients who have achieved a complete response (CR) with an alternative dose/dosing schedule of belantamab mafodotin.

CORRELATIVE AND PHARMACODYNAMIC RESEARCH OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess the association of pre-treatment serum BCMA levels as well as serum BCMA levels throughout treatment with ORR and PFS to an alternative treatment schedule of belantamab mafodotin.

II. To assess the pharmacokinetics of this alternative dose/dosing schedule of belantamab mafodotin.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 groups.

GROUP I: Patients receive low dose belantamab mafodotin intravenously (IV) on day 1 of each cycle. Cycles repeat every 6 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. All patients undergo a computed tomography (CT) scan, a magnetic resonance image (MRI) scan, or a positron emission tomography (PET)/CT scan during screening and patients with plasmacytoma (a multiple myeloma [MM] tumor in bone or soft tissue) also undergo imaging scans on study. Patients undergo bone marrow aspirate and biopsy during screening and on study as well as collection of blood samples throughout the trial.

GROUP II: Patients receive belantamab mafodotin IV on day 1. Cycle repeasts at 3 weeks for the next cycle and then every 6 weeks for subsequent cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. All patients undergo a CT scan, a MRI scan, or a PET/CT scan during screening and patients with plasmacytoma (a MM tumor in bone or soft tissue) also undergo imaging scans on study. Patients undergo bone marrow aspirate and biopsy during screening and on study as well as collection of blood samples throughout the trial.

After completion of trial treatment, patients are followed up every 12 weeks for up to 5 years.

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Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Age >= 18 years
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0, 1, 2

Histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of multiple myeloma (MM), as defined in International Myeloma Working Group (IMWG) criteria, and:

Has undergone autologous stem cell transplant (SCT) or is considered transplant ineligible. If underwent SCT, day 0 of SCT must be > 100 days to be eligible for the study
Has had disease progression after >= 3 prior lines of anti-myeloma treatments including one proteasome inhibitor (eg. bortezomib, carfilzomib or ixazomib), one immunomodulatory agent (eg.thalidomide, lenalidomide or pomalidomide) and one anti-CD38 monoclonal antibody (eg.daratumumab or isatuximab)
Prior non-belantamab mafodotin anti-BCMA agent exposure is allowed; patients with prior treatment with an anti-BCMA chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-T or bispecific antibody will be allowed to participate in the study

Has measurable disease with at least one of the following:

Serum M-protein >= 0.5 g/dL (>= 5 g/L)
Urine M-protein >= 200 mg/24 h
Serum free light chain (FLC) assay: Involved FLC level >= 10 mg/dL (>= 100 mg/L) and an abnormal serum free light chain ratio (< 0.26 or > 1.65)
Note: Patients with non-secretory disease will be allowed to participate

Absolute neutrophil count >= 1.0 x 10^9/L (=< 28 days prior to registration)

Without growth factor support, blood transfusion, or platelet stimulating agents for the past 14 days, excluding erythropoietin

Hemoglobin >= 8.0 g/dL (=< 28 days prior to registration)

Without growth factor support, blood transfusion, or platelet stimulating agents for the past 14 days, excluding erythropoietin

Platelets >= 50 x 10^9/L (=< 28 days prior to registration)

Without growth factor support, blood transfusion, or platelet stimulating agents for the past 14 days, excluding erythropoietin
Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) (=< 28 days prior to registration); (Isolated bilirubin >= 1.5 x ULN is acceptable if bilirubin is fractionated and direct bilirubin is < 35%)
Alanine aminotransferase =< 2.5 x ULN (=< 28 days prior to registration)
Aspartate transaminase =< 2.5 x ULN (=< 28 days prior to registration)

Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) >= 30 mL/min/1.73 m^2 (=< 28 days prior to registration)

As calculated by Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) formula
Spot urine (albumin/creatinine ratios [spot urine]) =< 500 mg/g (56 mg/mmol) OR urine dipstick negative/trace (if >1+ only eligible if confirmed =< 500 mg/g [56 mg/mmol] by albumin/creatinine ratio [spot urine from first void]) (=< 28 days prior to registration)

Negative pregnancy test done =< 7 days prior to registration, for persons of childbearing potential only. Both females and males must agree to follow the instructions

NOTE: If the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required
Provide written informed consent which includes compliance with the requirements and restrictions listed in the informed consent form (ICF) and in the study protocol
Willingness to provide mandatory blood specimens for correlative research
Willing to return to enrolling institution for follow-up (during the Active Monitoring Phase of the study)

Exclusion Criteria:

Active plasma cell leukemia at the time of screening. Symptomatic amyloidosis, active POEMS syndrome (polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal plasmaproliferative disorder, myeloma protein, and skin changes), Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia
Participant has received an investigational drug or approved systemic anti-myeloma therapy (including systemic steroids) =< 14 days or 5 half-lives, whichever is shorter, prior to registration. This includes prior treatment with a monoclonal antibody =< 30 days of receiving the first dose of study drugs. The only exception is emergency use of a short course of systemic corticosteroids (equivalent to, or less than: dexamethasone 40 mg/day for a maximum of 4 days) before treatment
Prior belantamab mafodotin therapy. However, patients with prior exposure to another non-belantamab mafodotin anti-BCMA agent such as an anti-BCMA CAR-T or anti-BCMA bispecific antibody will be allowed to participate in the study
Systemic active infection requiring treatment
Any unresolved toxicity >= grade 2 from previous treatment except for alopecia, or peripheral neuropathy up to grade 2
Any major surgery =< 4 weeks prior to registration
Any serious and/or unstable pre-existing medical, psychiatric disorder or other conditions (including lab abnormalities except renal impairment) that could interfere with participant's safety, obtaining informed consent or compliance to the study procedures
Evidence of active mucosal or internal bleeding
Current unstable liver or biliary disease per investigator assessment defined by the presence of ascites, encephalopathy, coagulopathy, hypoalbuminemia, esophageal or gastric varices, persistent jaundice, or cirrhosis. Note: Stable chronic liver disease (including Gilbert's syndrome or asymptomatic gallstones) or hepatobiliary involvement of malignancy is acceptable if participant otherwise meets entry criteria
Participants with previous or concurrent malignancies other than multiple myeloma are excluded, unless the prior malignancy has been considered medically stable for > 2 years. The participant must not be receiving active therapy, other than hormonal therapy for this disease. NOTE: Participants with curatively treated nonmelanoma skin cancer are allowed without a 2-year restriction.

Evidence of cardiovascular risk, including any of the following:

Evidence of current clinically significant untreated arrhythmias, including clinically significant electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormalities including 2nd degree (Mobitz type II) or 3rd degree atrioventricular (AV) block
History of myocardial infarction (=< 6 months), acute coronary syndromes (including unstable angina), coronary angioplasty, or stenting or bypass grafting within 12 weeks of screening
Class III or IV heart failure as defined by the New York Heart Association functional classification system [NYHA, 1994]
Uncontrolled hypertension
Known immediate or delayed hypersensitivity reaction or idiosyncratic reaction to drugs chemically related to belantamab mafodotin, or any of the components of the study treatment

Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, unless the participant can meet all of the following criteria:

Established anti-retroviral therapy (ART) for at >=4 weeks and HIV viral load < 400 copies/mL
CD4+ T-cell (CD4+) counts >= 350 cells/uL
No history of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-defining opportunistic infections < 12 months prior
Note: consideration must be given to ART and prophylactic antimicrobials that may have a drug-drug interaction and/or overlapping toxicities with belantamab mafodotin or other combination products as relevant

Patients with hepatitis B will be excluded unless the following criteria can be met:

If patient's serology shows hepatitis B virus core antibody (HbcAb)+ and hepatitis B surface antigen (HbsAg)-, they must have undetectable hepatitis B virus (HBV) deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) at screening. Patients will be monitored per protocol. Antiviral treatment would be instituted if HBV DNA becomes detectable
If patient's serology shows HBsAg+ at screen or within 3 months prior, patients must have undetectable HBV DNA at screening, must have started highly effective antiviral treatment at least 4 weeks prior to registration, and must have baseline imaging per protocol (patients with cirrhosis are excluded). Patients must remain on antiviral treatment throughout the study. Patients will be monitored per protocol
Note: presence of hepatitis (Hep) B surface antibody (HBsAb) indicating previous vaccination will not exclude a participant.

Positive hepatitis C antibody test result or positive hepatitis C ribonucleic acid (RNA) test result at screening or =< 12 weeks prior to first dose of study treatment unless the participant can meet the following criteria:

RNA test negative
Successful anti-viral treatment (usually 8 weeks duration) is required, followed by a negative HCV RNA test after a washout period >= 4 weeks
Current corneal epithelial disease except for mild punctuate keratopathy
Participant who received plasmapheresis within =< 7 days prior to registration
Patients who received prior allogeneic stem cell transplant
Participant who received a live or live-attenuated vaccine =< 30 days prior to registration. Ok to receive coronavirus disease (COVID) vaccine at any timepoint during protocol treatment
Participant is a woman who is pregnant or lactating
Participant who plans on wearing contact lenses during treatment with belantamab mafodotin

Lifestyle Considerations:

Contact lenses are prohibited for participants while they are receiving belantamab mafodotin treatment. Contact lens use may be restarted after belantamab mafodotin treatment is discontinued, provided a qualified eye care specialist confirm there are no other contraindications. Use of bandage contact lenses is allowed for the treatment of corneal epithelial disease as prescribed by an ophthalmologist/eye care professional.

No other lifestyle restrictions are required for participants in this study.

Study is for people with:

Multiple Myeloma

Phase:

Phase 2

Estimated Enrollment:

62

Study ID:

NCT05847569

Recruitment Status:

Recruiting

Sponsor:

Mayo Clinic

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There is 1 Location for this study

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Mayo Clinic in Florida
Jacksonville Florida, 32224, United States More Info
Clinical Trials Referral Office
Contact
855-776-0015
[email protected]
Ricardo D. Parrondo, M.D.
Principal Investigator

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

Study is for people with:

Multiple Myeloma

Phase:

Phase 2

Estimated Enrollment:

62

Study ID:

NCT05847569

Recruitment Status:

Recruiting

Sponsor:


Mayo Clinic

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

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