Multiple Myeloma Clinical Trial
Bortezomib With Melphalan and Prednisone for Multiple Myeloma
The purpose of this study is to assess the efficacy of bortezomib in combination with melphalan and prednisone to achieve complete responses for patients with previously untreated multiple myeloma compared to an historical control group. This trial will also evaluate the safety and toxicity of this regimen as well as evaluate the duration of response of this regimen.
Based on the need to improve front-line therapy for patients less likely to undergo transplant, the promising recent in vitro and clinical work on melphalan and bortezomib, we propose a prospective trial with bortezomib added to standard melphalan and prednisone therapy for previously untreated patients with multiple myeloma. Bortezomib 1.3 mg/m2 will be given twice weekly for two weeks and will be added to standard melphalan and prednisone on a 4-week cycle. This three-drug combination will be compared to historical data. We have treated 2 patients with relapsed disease following >2 prior regimens including high-dose therapy with autologous stem cell support. Each patient received melphalan, prednisone, and bortezomib as described below and both had marked declines in M-protein within 2 cycles. These responses have been sustained for at least 3 months and treatment was well tolerated.
Eligible patients will have histologically confirmed Multiple Myeloma (MM) having not received prior systemic therapy given with the intent to induce remission, be adults, have life expectancy greater than 3 months, adequate performance status, organ and marrow function as described in the protocol, not be pregnant, HIV positive, or taking any investigational agents. Patients must not have history of allergic reactions to study drugs or similar compounds or have uncontrolled intercurrent illness or social situation that would limit compliance with study requirements. Patients must also have the ability to give informed consent.
Study drugs will be administered on an inpatient or outpatient basis. Bortezomib 1.3 mg/m2 is administered intravenously in a 3-5 second bolus on days 1, 4, 8, and 11 of a 28 day cycle. Six cycles are planned. On days when both melphalan and bortezomib are given, melphalan is given at least one hour prior to bortezomib. Melphalan 6 mg/m2 is administered orally on an empty stomach daily on days 1-7 of each cycle. Prednisone 60 mg/m2 is administered orally daily on days 1-7 of each cycle. Supportive care measures such as antiemetics and growth factors may be given.
Patients must have histologically confirmed multiple myeloma, defined as at least one of the following major criteria and one minor criterion or at least three minor criteria:
Major Criteria Minor Criteria Plasmacytoma on tissue biopsy Marrow plasmacytosis 10-29% Marrow plasmacytosis ≥ 30% Monoclonal protein present, less than major criteria Monoclonal protein: Lytic bone lesions
Immunoglobulin G (IgG) > 3.5 g/dl Decrease in uninvolved immunoglobulins:
Immunoglobulin A (IgA) > 2 g/dl Immunoglobulin M (IgM) < 50 mg/dl Bence Jones ≥ 1 g/24 hr IgA < 100 mg/dl IgG < 600 mg/dl
No prior therapy
Life expectancy greater than 3 months
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status <3 (Karnofsky >40%
Patients must have normal organ and marrow function. Patients with severe pancytopenia due to myeloma involvement of the bone marrow and patients with renal insufficiency (creatinine > 2 mg/dl) due to myeloma will also be included.
Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.
Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents.
History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to bortezomib, melphalan, or other agents used in the study.
Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
Patients with immune deficiency are at increased risk of lethal infections when treated with marrow-suppressive therapy. Therefore, HIV-positive patients receiving combination anti-retroviral therapy are excluded from the study because of possible pharmacokinetic interactions with bortezomib or other agents administered during the study.
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There is 1 Location for this study
Durham North Carolina, 27710, United States
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