Multiple Sclerosis Clinical Trial

Comparing Risk and Severity of IRRs in Patients Premedicated With Cetirizine vs. Diphenhydramine Prior to Ocrelizumab

Summary

This 6-month randomized controlled pilot study will determine whether there is some evidence that cetirizine is better tolerated than diphenhydramine without an increase in Infusion-Related Reactions (IRRs) in subjects receiving ocrelizumab(OCR) for multiple sclerosis (MS).

View Full Description

Full Description

Ocrelizumab was approved by the US Food and Drug administration in March 2017 for the indication of Relapsing Remitting Multiple Sclerosis (RRMS) and Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis (PPMS). The landmark studies used to gain approval found ocrelizumab (OCR) to be well tolerated, but that at least one Infusion-Related Reaction (IRR) occurred in about one-third of patients. Because of this, neurologists typically prescribe prophylactic premedication with 100mg of methylprednisolone, 1 gram of acetaminophen, and 50 mg of IV diphenhydramine. However, many patients experience extreme sedation that interferes with their lifestyle considerably.

This 6-month randomized controlled pilot study will determine whether there is some evidence that cetirizine is better tolerated than diphenhydramine without an increase in IRRs. Fifty-two patients, 26 patients per arm, will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to receive cetirizine or diphenhydramine as premedication prior to OCR infusions on day 0 (1st half dose of 300mg), day 14 (2nd half dose of 300mg) and week 24 (1st full dose of 600mg).

View Eligibility Criteria

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Male or female patient with relapsing or progressive forms of Multiple Sclerosis (MS), age 18 to 70 inclusive at the time of consent.
Able to understand the purpose, responsibilities and risks of the study and provide signed informed consent.
Naïve to ocrelizumab (OCR) and will receive OCR as part of standard of care for MS treatment.
No evidence, in the opinion of the investigators of significant cognitive limitation or psychiatric disorder that would interfere with the conduct of the study.
Estimated Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) of ≤ 6.5 at screening.
Female patients of childbearing potential must practice effective contraception and continue contraception during the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

Any mental condition of such that patient is unable to understand the nature, scope, and possible consequences of the study.
Evidence of active hepatitis B infection at screening.
Patients with untreated hepatitis C, or tuberculosis. Patients who have history of Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) or known to be Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) positive, per standard care.
Any persistent or severe infection.
Pregnancy or lactation.
Significant, uncontrolled somatic disease or severe depression in the last year.
Current use of immunosuppressive medication, lymphocyte-depleting agents, or lymphocyte-trafficking blockers.
Patients with any significant comorbidity that in the opinion of the investigator, would interfere with participation in the study.
Any known allergy or inability to tolerate diphenhydramine or cetirizine.

Study is for people with:

Multiple Sclerosis

Phase:

Phase 3

Estimated Enrollment:

19

Study ID:

NCT04175834

Recruitment Status:

Completed

Sponsor:

Providence Health & Services

Check Your Eligibility

Let’s see if you might be eligible for this study.

What is your age and gender ?

Submit

There is 1 Location for this study

See Locations Near You

Providence Neurological Specialties West
Portland Oregon, 97225, United States

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

Study is for people with:

Multiple Sclerosis

Phase:

Phase 3

Estimated Enrollment:

19

Study ID:

NCT04175834

Recruitment Status:

Completed

Sponsor:


Providence Health & Services

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

×

Introducing, the Journey Bar

Use this bar to access information about the steps in your cancer journey.