Multiple Sclerosis Clinical Trial
Metformin Treatment in Progressive Multiple Sclerosis
The purpose of this study is to assess the safety of metformin for treatment of progressive multiple sclerosis
This will be a single site 1:1 randomized, placebo controlled trial of metformin treatment vs matching placebo in 44 men and women with primary progressive multiple sclerosis and secondary multiple sclerosis, without diabetes, not treated with metformin aged 30-65. The trial will last 12 months and have 3 study visits, baseline, 6 months, and 12 months. The trial will be preceded by a screening period. Over the initial 30 day titration period subjects will be titrated from 500 mg a day to 2,000 mg of metformin in increments of 500 mg every 10 days. Patients will remain on their tolerated dose and included in analysis on an intent to treat basis. Brain MRI, cognitive testing and clinical measures will be collected at baseline, month 6 and month 12. OCT will be collected at baseline and month 12. The primary outcomes are the following safety outcomes: 1) number of patients with adverse events 2) number of patients with laboratory abnormalities 3) number of patients with new T2 lesions on MRI. The secondary outcomes include reduction in localized cortical thinning on brain MRI; reduction in thalamic atrophy on brain MRI. Further exploratory outcomes include 1) improvement in SDMT-oral score, 2) improvement in CVLT-II score, 3) improvement in PACC score 4) improvement in PASAT score. Exploratory outcomes include 1) Decrease in plasma neurofilament light chain levels, 2) Reginal nerve fiber layer preservation on OCT, 3) Ganglion cell inner plexiform layer preservation, and 4) Percentage of phase rim lesions.
Patient signed informed consent.
Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis or Secondary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis as defined by the 2017 McDonald Criteria
Intent to maintain current MS disease modifying treatment through the trial duration
Clinical relapse in prior 12 months
New T2 lesion or gadolinium enhancing lesion in prior 12 months
Glucocorticoid use in prior six months outside the context of premedication for disease modifying treatment
Changes in disease modifying therapy in prior three months
Plans to change current disease modifying therapy
Contraindication to MRI, inability to tolerate MRI
Use of metformin for any other indication
Renal dysfunction (GFR < 60)
Hepatic dysfunction (AST or ALT > 1.5 x upper limit of normal)
Prior poor reaction to metformin
Congestive heart failure
Females who are pregnant or who plan to become pregnant during the 12 months of enrollment, or who wish to breastfeed during any part of the 12 months of enrollment
Concomitant use of drugs with drug-drug interactions with metformin
Previous adverse effect with metformin treatment
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There is 1 Location for this study
Los Angeles California, 90095, United States More Info
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