Multiple Sclerosis Clinical Trial

Teriflunomide in HTLV-1 Associated Myelopathy/Tropical Spastic Paraparesis

Summary

Background:

HTLV-1 associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) is a rare, progressive disease. It occurs in some people infected with the HTLV-1 virus. It leads to weakness in the lower limbs and other serious problems. It has no treatment. Teriflunomide is a drug used to treat multiple sclerosis. It reduces immune cells that make the disease worse. Researchers want to learn if this drug can help people with HAM/TSP.

Objective:

To learn the effects, immune response, safety, and tolerability of teriflunomide in people with HAM/TSP.

Eligibility:

Adults ages 18 and older with HAM/TSP.

Design:

Participants will be screened under protocol 98-N-0047.

Participants will have a medical history. They will have physical and neurological exams. They will have blood and urine tests.

Participants will take 1 tablet of the study drug once a day for 9 months. They will keep a drug diary.

Participants will have lymphapheresis. For this, blood is drawn from a needle in one arm. A machine divides the blood into red cells, plasma, and white cells. The white cells are removed. The plasma and red cells are returned to the participant through a needle in the other arm.

Participants will have lumbar punctures ( spinal taps ). For this, a thin needle is inserted into the spinal canal in the lower back. Spinal fluid is removed.

Participants will have magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain and spine. The MRI scanner is a metal cylinder surrounded by a strong magnetic field. During the MRI, participants will lie on a table that can slide in and out of the scanner.

Participation will last for 15 months.

View Full Description

Full Description

Study Description:

In this single center, single arm, open label, baseline versus treatment pilot clinical trial, sixteen subjects with HAM/TSP will receive teriflunomide 14mg by mouth once a day in an initial 9 month treatment phase, followed by a 3 month post treatment follow-up phase. Outcome measures will be collected every 3 months for the duration of the study.

Objectives:

We will determine the effects of teriflunomide, an FDA approved drug for the treatment of relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis that inhibits de novo pyrimidine synthesis, on immune activation markers in patients with HAM/TSP and the correlation of these with virological, radiological and clinical measures of disease burden .

Endpoints:

The primary outcome measure is ex vivo spontaneous lymphoproliferation in HAM/TSP patients receiving teriflunomide. Secondary outcome measures will include determination of immune activation patterns of PBMC and CSF using multicolor flow cytometric analysis and HTLV-I proviral load in blood and CSF. Safety and tolerability of teriflunomide will be assessed by tabulation of adverse events, clinical exam, standardized neurological disability scales (EDSS, IPEC, HAQ-DI), MR imaging of brain and spinal cord and clinical laboratory studies.

Study Population:

Up to 24 adults with HAM/TSP, targeting at least 16 participants who complete 9 months of treatment with teriflunomide

Phase:

I/II

Description of Sites/Facilities Enrolling Participants:

NIH Clinical Center

Description of Study Intervention:

Administration of teriflunomide 14mg daily for 9 months

Study Duration:

48 months

Participant Duration:

15 months

View Eligibility Criteria

Eligibility Criteria

INCLUSION CRITERIA:

In order to be eligible to participate in this study, an individual must meet all of the following criteria:

18 years or older
Diagnosis of HAM/TSP as defined by WHO criteria, including a positive HTLV-1 EIA and confirmatory Western Blot.
Enrolled in 98-N-0047
Patient must be willing and able to comply with all the aspects of trial design and follow-up.

Negative QuantiFERON-TB gold, or completion of latent tuberculosis infection treatment, per CDC and National TB Controllers Association recommendations in the event of a positive test result

--In the event of an indeterminant result, the test will be repeated. Should two consecutive tests yield indeterminant results, a chest x-ray will be performed to rule out radiographic evidence of a latent TB infection. Negative imaging will enable the subject to qualify for participation in the study.

Ability to take oral medication and be willing to adhere to the protocol regimen
Patients must be able to provide informed consent
If able to become pregnant or to father a child, patient must agree to commit to the use of a reliable/accepted method of birth control (i.e. hormonal contraception (birth control pills, injected hormones, vaginal ring), intrauterine device, barrier methods with spermicide (diaphragm with spermicide, condom with spermicide) or surgical sterilization (hysterectomy, tubal ligation, or vasectomy) for the duration of the treatment arm of the study and for two years following cessation of treatment with teriflunomide.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

An individual who meets any of the following criteria will be excluded from participation in this study:

Alternative diagnoses that can explain neurological disability
History or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the trial or interfere with participation for the full duration of the trial; or not in the best interest of the subject to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator
Severe immunodeficiency, bone marrow disease, or severe, uncontrolled infections.
Liver dysfunction, as indicated by baseline aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or alanine or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) greater than 2 times the upper limit of normal
Positive serological evidence of HIV, HTLV-II, Hepatitis B or C

Treatment with immunomodulatory/immunosuppressive therapy is exclusionary except in the cases below:

current use of topical steroids
<= 10 mg of prednisone usage within three months prior to administration of study drug.
Pregnant or lactating women.
Treatment with other investigational drugs within 6 months before enrollment
Known hypersensitivity to teriflunomide or leflunomide
Concomitant treatment with leflunomide

Study is for people with:

Multiple Sclerosis

Phase:

Phase 1

Estimated Enrollment:

24

Study ID:

NCT04799288

Recruitment Status:

Recruiting

Sponsor:

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)

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There is 1 Location for this study

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National Institutes of Health Clinical Center
Bethesda Maryland, 20892, United States More Info
For more information at the NIH Clinical Center contact Office of Patient Recruitment (OPR)
Contact
800-411-1222
[email protected]

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

Study is for people with:

Multiple Sclerosis

Phase:

Phase 1

Estimated Enrollment:

24

Study ID:

NCT04799288

Recruitment Status:

Recruiting

Sponsor:


National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)

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