Myelodysplastic Syndrome Clinical Trial
Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation With JSP191-Based Conditioning in Participants With GATA2 Deficiency
People with GATA2 deficiency have a mutation on the GATA2 gene. This gene affects immune function. People with this disease are prone to serious infections; in time, they may develop blood cancers. A hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) transplant can cure GATA2 deficiency, but using stem cells donated by other people can cause serious side effects.
To test a new drug (JSP191) to see if it can make HSC transplants safer.
People aged 6 to 70 years who have GATA2 deficiency.
Participants will be screened. They will have a physical exam, with blood and urine tests. They will have tests of their heart and lung function. They may have a bone marrow biopsy: Their hip will be numbed; a large needle will be inserted to draw out tissue from inside the pelvis.
Participants will have a central venous catheter placed in a vein of the neck or chest. This will be used to draw blood and administer drugs.
JSP191 will be given through the catheter about 11 days before the transplant. This is part of conditioning: preparing the body to receive the new stem cells. Conditioning also includes other medications and total body irradiation.
Donor stem cells will be administered through the catheter. Participants will receive other approved drugs to help prevent side effects.
Participants will stay in the hospital from the beginning of the conditioning until several weeks after the transplant. They will remain in the local area for 100 days after discharge; they will come to the clinic at least once a week during this time. Follow-up visits will continue for 3 years....
GATA2 deficiency, an immunodeficiency and bone marrow failure disorder due to inherited or sporadic mutations in or loss of one allele of the GATA2 gene, is characterized by: 1) nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) and other opportunistic infections, 2) deficiency of monocytes, B lymphocytes, and Natural Killer (NK) cells in the peripheral blood, and 3) progression to myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML), and acute myelogenous leukemia (AML).
Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) appears to be curative, and interim results from protocol #13-C-0132, NCT01861106, demonstrated a 2-year event-free survival rate of 83% for 59 participants with GATA2 deficiency who underwent HCT with a busulfan-based conditioning regimen.
However, traditional HCT approaches using alkylating agents such as busulfan continue to place recipients at risk for potentially life-threatening, transplant-related toxicities as well as late effects such as infertility and secondary malignancy.
JSP191 is a humanized, glycosylated IgG1 monoclonal antibody that targets CD117 (human c-Kit) present on endogenous hematopoietic stem cells (HSC). JSP191 has been shown in pre-clinical and early clinical studies to safely deplete human and non-human primate HSC with minimal toxicity.
-To determine whether allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation with JSP191-based conditioning results in sustained donor engraftment by 100 days post-transplant in participants with GATA2 deficiency
Recipients aged 6-70 years old with pathogenic germline mutations in GATA2 and clinical manifestations consistent with a diagnosis of GATA2 deficiency
Have an 8/8 Human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched related or unrelated donor or a 7/8 HLA-matched unrelated donor or haploidentical related donor
Have early stage GATA2 deficiency defined as a hypocellular for age bone marrow with less than 5% blasts and normal or favorable cytogenetics (defined as good or very good cytogenetics risk groups plus trisomy 8)
All participants with GATA2 deficiency will receive a pre-transplant conditioning regimen consisting of JSP191 administered as a single intravenous (IV) infusion on day -11 (range day-13 to -10) with pharmacokinetics, followed by fludarabine or fludarabine/cyclophosphamide IV infusions (3 or 5 days depending on the donor) and 200 cGy total body irradiation (TBI) on day -1. HCT will be infused on day 0.
Participants with an 8/8 HLA-matched related or unrelated donor assigned to Arm A will receive a fludarabine for three days on days -4, -3, and -2.
Participants with a 7/8 HLA-matched unrelated donor or a haploidentical related donor assigned to Arm B will receive a fludarabine for five days on days -6, -5, -4, -3, and -2, cyclophosphamide for 2 days on days -6 and -5
Post-transplant immunosuppression for Graft Versus Host Disease (GVHD) prophylaxis for recipients of Arms A and B will consist of cyclophosphamide for 2 days on days +3 and +4, along with mycophenolate mofetil from day +5 to approximately day +35 and tacrolimus from day +5 to approximately day +180. If there is no evidence of GVHD, tacrolimus will be stopped or tapered at approximately day +180
Age >= 6 and <= 70 years old
Germline mutation in the GATA2 gene, predicted to be deleterious or previously reported in GATA2 deficiency as determined by targeted GATA2 sequencing performed at the NIH
Clinical manifestation(s) consistent with a diagnosis of GATA2 deficiency, including any of the following (Note: only one clinical manifestation is required):
History of severe, disfiguring, and/or recurrent infections
Low monocyte (< 190 cells/microL), B cell (< 61 cells/microL) and/or NK cell (< 126 cells/microL) counts
Myelodysplastic syndrome by World Health Organization (WHO) criteria
Early stage GATA2 deficiency defined as a hypocellular for age bone marrow with less than 5% blasts and normal cytogenetics or favorable cytogenetics (defined as good or very good cytogenetics risk groups plus trisomy 8)
Availability of an 8/8 HLA-matched related or unrelated donor, a 7/8 HLA-matched unrelated donor or a haploidentical related donor
Lansky (for participants < 16 years of age) or Karnofsky (for participants >=16 years of age) performance status of >= 40%
Left ventricular ejection fraction > 40%, preferably by 2-D echocardiogram (echo) obtained within 90 days prior to treatment initiation
Participants must have adequate organ function as defined below:
Total bilirubin <=2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
Alanine transaminase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) <= 5 x ULN
Adult participants: <=2.0 mg/dl and creatinine clearance >= 30 ml/min.
Pediatric participants (<18 years old): creatinine <1.5 mg/dL and a creatinine clearance using the Schwartz Formula > 30 mL/min/1.73m^2
Pulmonary function tests (PFT)s: FEV1 and adjusted DLCO >30%. Children who are unable to cooperate for PFTs due to age are still eligible if no evidence of dyspnea at rest and no need for supplemental oxygen
Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) and men must agree to use highly effective contraception (hormonal, intrauterine device (IUD), abstinence, tubal ligation, partner has had the previous vasectomy) at the study entry, for the duration of study treatment, and for at least one-year post-allogeneic HCT or 4 months after completion of chemotherapy preparative administration if HCT is not performed
Breastfeeding participants must be willing to discontinue breastfeeding
Willingness to remain in the NIH hospital or, if discharged, stay close to the NIH (60 minutes drive), for a minimum of 100 days after transplant or longer if there are complications. The participants must commit to having an adult caregiver with them during the first 100 days after transplant in case of discharging from the hospital before 100 days verified by social worker
Participants with hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody-positive testing are allowed if HBV DNA <100 IU/m or HCV RNA level is undetectable. Additionally, transplantation must be approved by a hepatology consult for these participants
Participants or parents/guardians must be able to understand and willing to sign a written informed consent document
Participants with a Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation-Comorbidity Index (HCT-CI) score >8
Participants who have received any investigational agents within 4 weeks before treatment initiation with the exception of virus-specific T cells for the treatment of viral infection/reactivation prior to allogeneic HCT
Participants with a history of hematologic malignancy (e.g., AML, CMML). Note: participants with MDS are included
History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to agents (fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, tacrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil, granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF)) used in the study
Presence of active malignancy. Note: participants with malignancy driven by viruses (e.g., human papillomavirus (HPV) or HPV or Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)) are allowed as the immune reconstitution after transplant may control the malignancy and participants with MDS are allowed
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected participants
Pregnancy (confirmed with Beta-HCG serum or urine pregnancy test performed in WOCBP at screening)
Uncontrolled intercurrent illness or social situations (as determined by social work consult) that would limit compliance with study requirements
Check Your Eligibility
Let’s see if you might be eligible for this study.
What is your age and gender ?
There is 1 Location for this study
How clear is this clinincal trial information?
Introducing, the Journey Bar
Use this bar to access information about the steps in your cancer journey.