Myelodysplastic Syndrome Clinical Trial
Evaluating Navitoclax After Failure of Standard Treatments of Azacitidine or Decitabine and Venetoclax in Patients With Aggressive Myelodysplastic Syndrome
This phase Ib/II trial tests the safety, side effects, and best dose of navitoclax in combination with venetoclax and decitabine in treating patients with higher risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) that has come back after initial treatment or was not responsive to initial treatment. This study will also look at the effectiveness of the treatment combination and patient's quality of life while on these medications. Navitoclax is an oral drug that works as an inhibitor of the BCL-2 family of proteins, which are often overly expressed in a wide variety of cancers and are linked to tumor drug resistance. This drug blocks some of the enzymes that keep cancer cells from dying. Venetoclax is an oral drug that works as an inhibitor of BCL-2 proteins that works very similarly to navitoclax by blocking the action of a certain proteins in the body that helps cancer cells survive which helps to kill cancer cells. Decitabine is an intravenous drug. It is a hypomethylating agent which means it interferes with deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) methylation. DNA methylation is a major factor that regulates gene expression in cells, and an increase in DNA methylation can block the genes that regulate cell division and growth. When these genes are blocked the overall result allows or promotes cancer as there is no control over cell growth. Decitabine stops cells from making DNA and may kill cancer cells. Participation in this trial may improve the understanding of both chemotherapy response in MDS and mechanisms of resistance to current therapies.
I. To determine the safety profile leading to a recommended phase II dose (RP2D) of navitoclax in combination with venetoclax and decitabine. (Phase I) II. To evaluate the efficacy of combination therapy navitoclax, venetoclax and decitabine in patients with relapsed or refractory high-risk MDS after failure of hypomethylating agent and venetoclax. (Phase II)
I. To further evaluate the safety profile navitoclax in combination with venetoclax and decitabine. (Phase II)
I. To determine relative expression levels of anti-apoptotic BCL-2 family members at baseline and after triplet therapy by intracellular flow cytometry to determine predictive value for response.
II. To compare single cell gene expression at baseline and after triplet therapy.
OUTLINE: This is a phase Ib, dose-escalation study of navitoclax followed by a phase II study.
NAVITOCLAX, VENETOCLAX, & DECITABINE:
CYCLE 1: Patients receive navitoclax orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 3-16 in combination with venetoclax PO QD on days 1-16, and decitabine intravenously (IV) on days 3-7. This cycle continues for 30 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients also undergo bone marrow biopsy at baseline and day 30, and collection of blood samples at baseline and on days 1 and 15 of cycle.
CYCLE 2 AND BEYOND: Patients receive navitoclax PO QD on days 1-14 of each cycle in combination with venetoclax PO QD on days 1-14 of each cycle, and decitabine IV on days 1-5 of each cycle. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. After 6 cycles, patients who achieve a complete response (CR) or marrow complete response (mCR) continue on treatment in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. After 6 cycles, patients who have hematologic improvement but who do not attain CR or mCR may continue treatment at the discretion of their treating physician in conjunction with the principal investigator (PI). Patients also undergo bone marrow biopsy on day 28 of cycles 2 and 4 and at end of treatment, as well as collection of blood samples on day 1 of each cycle and at the end of treatment.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed every 3 months for 12 months. For survival follow-up, patients are followed for 2 years from enrollment of the last patient.
Provide signed and dated informed consent form
Willing to comply with all study procedures and be available for the duration of the study
Male or female, aged 18 years or older
Must have myelodysplastic syndrome with Revised International Prognostic Score (IPSS-R) of at least 3 and have been previously treated with hypomethylating agent (HMA) (azacitidine or decitabine) and venetoclax for at least 2 cycles. Patients in the phase I portion of the trial may be enrolled if they have not received venetoclax with HMA therapy
Prior hematopoietic stem cell transplant will be allowed if 90 or more days has passed since the date of transplant to day 1 of cycle 1 and patients are no longer taking immunosuppressive agents
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status of 0-2
Must be able to swallow pills whole
Creatinine clearance >= 40 mL/min, calculated with the use of the 24-hour creatinine clearance or modified Cockcroft-Gault equation
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN (or =< 3 x ULN for patients with documented Gilbert syndrome)
Coagulation: activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) and international normalized ratio (INR) =< 1.5 x ULN
Other medical comorbidities will be allowed at the discretion of the investigator
A female participant is eligible to participate if she is not pregnant, not breastfeeding, and at least one of the following conditions applies:
Not a woman of childbearing potential (WOCBP)
A WOCBP who agrees to follow contraceptive guidance during the treatment period and for at least 120 days after the last dose of study treatment. Approved methods are detailed below
If not surgically sterile, male patients must be willing to practice at least one of the following highly effective methods of birth control for at least their partner's menstrual cycle before and for 120 days after study drug administration.
Effective Methods of Contraception Barrier/Intrauterine Methods Hormonal Methods Male or female condom with or without spermicide
Cap, diaphragm, or sponge with spermicide
Copper T intrauterine device levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (e.g., Mirena) d,e Implants
Hormone shot or injection
No active, uncontrolled systemic infection. Patients on prophylactic antibiotics are NOT excluded
Uncontrolled human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), or hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections
History of any active malignancy within the past 2 years prior to screening, with the exception of:
Adequately treated carcinoma in situ of the uterine cervix
Adequately treated basal cell carcinoma or localized squamous cell carcinoma of the skin
Subject requiring a medication that interferes with coagulation or platelet function - except for low dose aspirin (up to 100 mg daily) and prophylactic dose low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) - within 3 days prior to the first dose of study drug or during the study treatment period
White blood cells (WBC) > 10,000 at time of first day of study therapy. Hydroxyurea therapy to reduce WBC count prior to enrollment is NOT excluded
Malabsorption syndrome or other condition precluding enteral medication administration
Use of disallowed concomitant medications within 7 days. This includes CYP2C8 substrates, CYP2C9 substrates, CYP3A inhibitors and P-glycoprotein inhibitors
Pregnancy or lactation or intending to become pregnant during the study
Known allergic reactions to components of the study product(s)
Treatment with another investigational drug or other intervention within 2 weeks
Pediatric patients will not be included in this study
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There is 1 Location for this study
Philadelphia Pennsylvania, 19107, United States
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