Myelodysplastic Syndrome Clinical Trial
Study of SX-682 Alone and in Combination With Oral or Intravenous Decitabine in Subjects With Myelodysplastic Syndrome
This study will determine the safety profile, maximum tolerated dose (MTD), dose-limiting toxicities (DLT), and recommended Phase 2 dose (RP2D) of SX-682 in the treatment of patients with Myelodysplastic Syndromes (MDS).
Participants will receive twice daily oral SX-682 for six 28 day cycles. If patients are responding well to the treatment they can continue SX-682 treatment. The first participants will be administered 25 mg orally twice daily. Unless dose limiting toxicities occur, participants will enroll and receive the following increasing twice daily doses of SX-682: 50 mg, 100 mg, 200 mg, and 400 mg.
After establishing the maximum tolerated dose 140 additional participants will be enrolled at the recommended phase 2 dose. Participants will receive continuous SX-682 twice daily oral therapy in 28-day cycles for a total of 6 cycles. The expansion dose cohort will be stratified into IPSS (a) low and intermediate-1 (N=20 SX-682 alone in HMA naive, N=20 SX-682 alone in HMA failure, N=20 SX-682 + DEC-C in HMA-naïve, N=20 SX-682 + DEC-C in HMA-failure) and (b) intermediate-2 and high risk (N=20 SX-682 alone in HMA failure, N=20 SX-682 + DEC-C in HMA-naive, N=20 SX-682 + DEC-C in HMA-failure) MDS. For patients responding well at the end of 6 cycles treatment may continue until disease progression or an adverse event leads to SX-682 discontinuation. Except for blood product transfusions, concurrent therapy for Myelodysplastic Syndromes is not permitted.
Diagnosis of MDS by World Health Organization criteria, and either
International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS) low risk or intermediate-1 risk patients without 5q deletion:
i. Dose escalation portion: failed prior treatment with at least 4 cycles started of a hypomethylating agent (HMA; azacitidine or decitabine) defined as no response to treatment, loss of response at any time point, or progressive disease/intolerance to therapy.
ii. Dose expansion portion: failed prior treatment defined as no response to treatment with at least 4 cycles started of HMA, loss of response at any time point, or progressive disease/intolerance to therapy ("HMA failure"); or no prior treatment with HMA ("HMA naive").
IPSS low risk or intermediate-1 risk patients with 5q deletion:
i. Dose escalation portion: failed prior treatment with at least 4 cycles started of lenalidomide and 4 cycles of hypomethylating agent (azacitidine or decitabine) defined as no response to treatment, loss of response at any time point, or progressive disease/intolerance to therapy.
ii. Dose expansion portion: same as non-del(5q) lower risk cohort + requirement of failed prior treatment with lenalidomide defined as no response to treatment with at least 4 cycles started of lenalidomide, loss of response at any time point, or progressive disease/intolerance to therapy.
IPSS intermediate-2 risk or high risk patients: HMA failure or HMA naïve as defined above.
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status ≤ 2
Screening laboratory values:
Renal glomerular filtration rate (GFR) ≥ 30 ml/min;
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) / Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 3.0 times upper limit of normal;
Bilirubin < 1.5 times upper limit of normal;
No history of HIV being HIV positive;
No active Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C infection.
Life expectancy ≥ 12 weeks.
Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must use study specified contraception.
WOCBP demonstrate negative pregnancy test.
Men sexually active must use study specified contraception.
Use of chemotherapeutic agents or experimental agents for MDS within 14 days of the first day of study drug treatment.
Use of erythroid stimulating agents, Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF), or Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) within 14 days of the first day of study drug treatment, or during the study.
Mean triplicate heart rate-corrected QT interval (QTc) > 500 msec.
Any of the following cardiac abnormalities:
QT interval > 480 msec corrected using Fridericia's formula;
Risk factors for Torsade de Pointes;
Use of medication that prolongs the QT interval with the exception of drugs that are considered absolutely essential for the care of the subject;
Myocardial infarction ≤ 6 months prior to first day of study drug treatment;
Unstable angina pectoris or serious uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia.
Any serious or uncontrolled medical disorder.
Prior malignancy within the previous 2 years except for local cancers that have been cured; or patients who have been adequately treated and have low risk of reoccurrence.
Subjects with a condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (> 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents) or other immunosuppressive medications within 14 days of study drug administration. Inhaled or topical steroids, and adrenal replacement doses > 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease.
Use of other investigational drugs within 30 days of study drug administration.
Major surgery within 4 weeks of study drug administration.
Live-virus vaccination within 30 days of study drug administration.
Allergy to study drug component.
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