Myeloproliferative Neoplasms Clinical Trial

Ponatinib Hydrochloride as Second Line Therapy in Treating Patients With Chronic Myeloid Leukemia in Chronic Phase Resistant or Intolerant to Imatinib Mesylate, Dasatinib, or Nilotinib

Summary

This phase II trial studies how well ponatinib hydrochloride works as second line therapy in treating patients with chronic myeloid leukemia in chronic phase that has not responded to initial treatment (first line) with imatinib mesylate, dasatinib, or nilotinib or cannot tolerate imatinib mesylate, dasatinib, or nilotinib. Ponatinib hydrochloride may stop or control the growth of cancer cells by blocking a protein needed for cell growth.

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Full Description

Primary Objectives:

To estimate the proportion of participants with tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI)-resistant, chronic phase CML (CP-CML) attaining major cytogenetic response (MCyR) at 6 months of treatment with second line ponatinib therapy.
To estimate the time to toxicity related to ponatinib for patients with TKI-resistant CP-CML.

Secondary Objectives:

To estimate the proportion of participants achieving a MCyR, complete cytogenetic response (CCyR), major molecular response (MMR) and complete molecular response (CMR) at 3, 6, 12, 18 and 24 months of treatment with ponatinib after one second generation TKI failure (by resistance).
To estimate the time to CCyR, MMR, MCyR and CMR for participants treated with ponatinib as second line therapy for CP-CML
To evaluate the durations of hematologic, cytogenetic and molecular response to ponatinib after one second generation TKI failure.
To define the time to progression and overall survival for participants with CML in chronic phase treated with ponatinib after one second generation TKI failure.
To evaluate the toxicity profile of ponatinib in participants with CML in chronic phase after one second generation TKI failure.
To evaluate the probability of developing ABL mutations for participants with CML in chronic phase treated with ponatinib after one second generation TKI failure.
To analyze differences in response rates and in prognosis according to pre-treatment mutations and patient characteristics.
To investigate mechanisms of resistance in patients who develop resistance to ponatinib used as second line therapy for CP-CML.
To evaluate symptom burden in participants with CP-CML receiving ponatinib.

Exploratory Objectives:

• To investigate the presence of miRNA that may be predictive of outcome

View Eligibility Criteria

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Diagnosis of Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-positive (by cytogenetics or fluorescent in situ hybridization [FISH]) or breakpoint cluster region (BCR)-ABL-positive (by polymerase chain reaction [PCR]) CML in chronic phase.

Participants should have demonstrated to have failure to therapy to one FDA-approved second-generation TKI (currently bosutinib, dasatinib, and nilotinib are approved as frontline therapy), defined as per European leukemiaNet (ELN)35 or National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) recommendations:

Less than complete hematologic response (CHR) at or beyond 3 months
No partial cytogenetic response at or beyond 3 months
BCR-ABL1 ≥ 10% at or beyond 3 months
BCR-ABL1 ≥ 1% at or beyond 6 months
Loss of CCyR or development of mutations or other clonal chromosomal abnormalities at any time during TKI treatment
Age >18 years
ECOG performance of 0-2.
Adequate end organ function, defined as the following: total bilirubin ≤1.5x ULN (unless due to Gilbert syndrome, in which case it should be ≤3.0x ULN), SGPT ≤2.5x ULN, creatinine clearance (CrCL) ≥ 30 mL/min (Cockcroft-Gault formula).
Participants must sign an informed consent indicating they are aware of the investigational nature of this study, in keeping with the policies of the hospital.
Women of pregnancy potential must practice an effective method of birth control during the course of the study, in a manner such that risk of failure is minimized:
Prior to study enrollment, women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must be advised of the importance of avoiding pregnancy during trial participation and the potential risk factors for an unintentional pregnancy.
Postmenopausal women must be amenorrheic for at least 12 months to be considered of non-childbearing potential OR women who are surgically sterile.
In addition, men enrolled on this study should understand the risks to any sexual partner of childbearing potential and should practice an effective method of birth control.
Women and men must continue birth control for the duration of the trial and at least 3 months after the last dose of study drug.
All WOCBP MUST have a negative pregnancy test prior to first receiving investigational product.
Participants should have discontinued therapy with bosutinib, dasatinib or nilotinib or other anti-leukemia therapy (except hydroxyurea), at least 48 hours prior to start of study therapy and recovered from any toxicity due to these therapies to at least grade 1. The use of hydroxyurea is allowed immediately prior to study entry.

Exclusion Criteria:

Prior therapy with other BCR-ABL-targeted TKIs except bosutinib, dasatinib or nilotinib. Participants with T315I mutations are eligible and will be analyzed separately.
Active NYHA cardiac class 3-4 heart disease

Have clinically significant, uncontrolled, or active cardiovascular disease, specifically including, but not restricted to:

Any history of MI, unstable angina, cerebrovascular accident, or TIA
Any history of peripheral vascular infarction, including visceral infarction
Any revascularization procedure, including the placement of a stent
Congestive heart failure (CHF) (New York Heart Association [NYHA] class III or IV) within 6 months prior to enrollment, or left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) less than lower limit of normal, per local institutional standards, within 6 months prior to enrollment
History of clinically significant (as determined by the treating physician) atrial arrhythmia or any history of ventricular arrhythmia
Venous thromboembolism, including deep venous thrombosis or pulmonary embolism, within 6 months prior to enrollment
Participants with active, uncontrolled psychiatric disorders including: psychosis, major depression, and bipolar disorders.
Have uncontrolled hypertension (i.e., >150 and >90 for SBP and DBP, respectively). Participants with hypertension should be under treatment at study entry to ensure blood pressure control. Those requiring 3 or more antihypertensive medications should be discussed with the PI.
Have poorly controlled diabetes defined as HbA1c values of > 7.5%. Participants with preexisting, well-controlled, diabetes are not excluded.
Pregnant or breast-feeding women are excluded.
Participants with history of pancreatitis within 1 year of study or history of chronic pancreatitis.
Participants in accelerated or blast phase, or patients who have ever been documented to be in blast phase CML, are excluded.

The definitions of excluded CML phases are as follows:

Blastic phase: presence of 30% blasts or more in the peripheral blood or bone marrow.

Accelerated phase CML: presence of any of the following features:

Peripheral or marrow blasts 15% or more
Peripheral or marrow basophils 20% or more
Thrombocytopenia < 100 x 109/L unrelated to therapy
Documented extramedullary blastic disease outside liver or spleen

Clonal evolution defined as the presence of additional chromosomal abnormalities other than the Ph chromosome has been historically been included as a criterion for accelerated phase. However, participants with clonal evolution as the only criterion of accelerated phase have a significantly better prognosis. Thus, participants with clonal evolution and no other criteria for accelerated phase will be eligible for this study, but analyzed separately.

Participants who have received more than one FDA-approved TKI for CML, or any investigational, non-FDA approved TKI.

Study is for people with:

Myeloproliferative Neoplasms

Phase:

Phase 2

Estimated Enrollment:

50

Study ID:

NCT01746836

Recruitment Status:

Recruiting

Sponsor:

M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

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There is 1 Location for this study

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M D Anderson Cancer Center
Houston Texas, 77030, United States More Info
Elias Jabbour, MD
Contact
713-792-4764
[email protected]
Elias Jabbour, MD
Principal Investigator

How clear is this clinincal trial information?

Study is for people with:

Myeloproliferative Neoplasms

Phase:

Phase 2

Estimated Enrollment:

50

Study ID:

NCT01746836

Recruitment Status:

Recruiting

Sponsor:


M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

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