Myeloproliferative Neoplasms Clinical Trial
Treatment-free Remission After Achieving Sustained MR4.5 on Nilotinib (ENESTop)
A clinical research study to find out if it is safe to stop the drug nilotinib (Tasigna) in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients. Patients who started treatment with imatinib (Gleevec) when they were first diagnosed with CML, then switched to nilotinib (Tasigna) for at least 2 years with the combined time on imatinib (Gleevec) and nilotinib (Tasigna) for at least 3 years and have very small amount of leukemia cells remaining after the nilotinib (Tasigna) treatment will qualify for the study.
The Primary objective was to evaluate the proportion of patients in TFR within 48 weeks following nilotinib cessation.
This study originally consisted of seven phases (five treatment phases and two treatment-free phases) from which two were the focus of this primary analysis report (consolidation, TFR and treatment re-initiation) The study consisted of 2 main phases: Consolidation and TFR
Nilotinib treatment consolidation phase (NTCS): Patients who satisfied all inclusion/exclusion criteria were enrolled in the consolidation phase and continued to receive nilotinib for 52 weeks at the dose which the patient was receiving prior to study entry. If a patient maintained MR4.5 throughout the consolidation phase, he/she was eligible to enter in the TFR phase. If a patient had confirmed loss of MR4.5 during the consolidation phase, he/she was not eligible to enter in the TFR phase and continued nilotinib treatment.
Nilotinib TFR phase: Patients who were eligible to enter in the TFR phase after completing the 52 week consolidation phase stopped taking nilotinib on the first day of the TFR phase. Duration of this phase was up to 520 weeks after the last patient enters in the TFR phase.
Nilotinib treatment re-initiation phase (NTRI): If a patient had a confirmed loss of MR4 (two consecutive BCR-ABL >0.01% IS) or loss of MMR (BCR-ABL >0.1% IS) in the TFR phase, the patient restarted nilotinib treatment. Patients will be on nilotinib treatment for up to 520 weeks after the last patient entered the nilotinib TFR phase, or until a patient experience unacceptable toxicity, disease progression and/or treatment discontinued at the discretion of the Investigator or if the patient withdrew consent. Nilotinib cessation was not attempted for a second time in the patient who reinitiated treatment or discontinued following the TFR phase.
Nilotinib treatment continuation phase (NTCT) and Nilotinib treatment prolonged continuation phase (NTCT-P): Patients who were not eligible to enter into the TFR phase after completing the 52-week NTCS phase entered the nilotinib treatment continuation (NTCT) phase and would continue treatment with nilotinib for another 52 weeks (a total of 104 weeks of treatment). Patients who were not able to maintain MR4.5 and had a confirmed loss of MR4.5 during the NTCT phase were not eligible to enter the TFR-2 phase. These patients entered into the nilotinib prolonged treatment continuation phase (NTCT-P) and continued nilotinib treatment until 520 weeks after the last patient entered the nilotinib TFR phase, or until the patients experience unacceptable toxicity, disease progression and/or treatment would be discontinued at the discretion of the Investigator or withdrawal of consent.
Nilotinib TFR-2 phase: Patients who maintained MR4.5 during the NTCT phase were eligible to cease nilotinib treatment and enter the TFR-2 phase. The duration of the nilotinib TFR-2 phase is up to 520 weeks after the last patient entered the TFR phase. Patients stopped taking nilotinib therapy on the day they entered the TFR-2 phase.
Nilotinib treatment re-initiation-2 (NTRI-2): If a patient had a loss of MMR or a confirmed loss of MR4 during the TFR-2 phase, he/she entered the nilotinib treatment re-initiation-2 (NTRI-2) phase and resumed nilotinib treatment at a dose of either 300 mg or 400 mg bid.
Safety follow-up was performed within 30 days after the last dose of study treatment or the last day in TFR/TFR-2.
Post-treatment follow-up visits were performed every 12 weeks up to 520 weeks after the last patient entered the nilotinib TFR phase.
Male or female patients >= 18 years of age
ECOG Performance Status of 0, 1, or 2
Patient with diagnosis of BCR-ABL positive CML CP
Patient has received a minimum of 3 years of tyrosine kinase inhibitor treatment (first with imatinib (> 4 weeks) and then switched to nilotinib) since initial diagnosis
Patient has at least 2 years of nilotinib treatment prior to study entry.
Patient has achieved MR4.5 (local laboratory assessment) during nilotinib treatment, and determined by a Novartis designated central PCR lab assessment at screening
Adequate end organ function as defined by:
Direct bilirubin â‰¤ 1.5 x ULN except for i) patient with documented Gilbert's syndrome for whom any bilirubin value is allowed and ii) for patients with asymptomatic hyperbilirubinemia (liver transaminases and alkaline phosphatase within normal range)
SGOT(AST) and SGPT(ALT) < 3 x ULN (upper limit of normal)
Serum lipase â‰¤ 2 x ULN
Alkaline phosphatase â‰¤ 2.5 x ULN
Serum creatinine < 1.5 x ULN
Patients must have the following electrolyte values â‰¥ LLN (lower limit of normal) limits or corrected to within normal limits with supplements prior to the first dose of study medication:
Total calcium (corrected for serum albumin)
Patients must have normal marrow function as defined below:
Absolute Neutrophil Count (ANC) â‰¥ 1.5 x 109/L
Platelets â‰¥ 100 x 109/L
Hemoglobin â‰¥ 9.0 g/dL
Written informed consent obtained prior to any screening procedures
Prior AP, BC or allo-transplant
Patient has documented MR4.5 at the time when switched from imatinib to nilotinib
Patients with known atypical transcript
CML treatment resistant mutation(s) (T315I, E255K/V, Y253H, F359C/V) detected if a testing was done in the past (there is no requirement to perform mutation testing at study entry if it was not done in the past)
Dose reductions due to neutropenia or thrombocytopenia in the past 6 months
Patient ever attempted to permanently discontinue imatinib or nilotinib treatment
Known impaired cardiac function including any one of the following:
Inability to determine the QT interval on ECG
Complete left bundle branch block
Long QT syndrome or a known family history of long QT syndrome
History of or presence of clinically significant ventricular or atrial tachyarrhythmias
Clinically significant resting bradycardia
QTcF > 480 msec
History or clinical signs of myocardial infarction within 1 year prior to study entry
History of unstable angina within 1 year prior to study entry
Other clinically significant heart disease (e.g. uncontrolled congestive heart failure or uncontrolled hypertension)
Severe and/or uncontrolled concurrent medical disease that in the opinion of the investigator could cause unacceptable safety risks or compromise compliance with the protocol (e.g. uncontrolled diabetes (defined as HbA1c > 9%), uncontrolled infection)
History of acute pancreatitis within 1 year prior to study entry or past medical history of chronic pancreatitis
Known presence of a significant congenital or acquired bleeding disorder unrelated to cancer
History of other active malignancy within 5 years prior to study entry with the exception of previous or concomitant basal cell skin cancer, previous cervical carcinoma in situ treated curatively
Patients who have not recovered from prior surgery
Treatment with other investigational agents (defined as not used in accordance with the approved indication) within 4 weeks of Day 1
Patients actively receiving therapy with strong CYP3A4 inhibitors and/or inducers, and the treatment cannot be either discontinued or switched to a different medication prior to study entry. See Appendix 14.1 for a list of these medications. This list may not be comprehensive.
Patients actively receiving therapy with herbal medicines that are strong CYP3A4 inhibitors and/or inducers, and the treatment cannot be either discontinued or switched to a different medication prior to study entry. These herbal medicines may include Echinacea, (including E. purpurea, E. angustifolia and E. pallida), Piperine, Artemisinin, St. John's Wort, and Ginkgo.
Patients who are currently receiving treatment with any medications that have the potential to prolong the QT interval and the treatment cannot be either safely discontinued or switched to a different medication prior to study entry. (Please see www.azcert.org/medical-pros/drug-lists/printable-drug-list.cfm for a list of agents that prolong the QT interval.)
Impairment of gastrointestinal (GI) function or GI disease that may significantly alter the absorption of study drug (e.g. ulcerative disease, uncontrolled nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, malabsorption syndrome, small bowel resection, or gastric bypass surgery)
Pregnant or nursing (lactating) women, where pregnancy is defined as the state of a female after conception and until the termination of gestation, confirmed by a positive hCG laboratory test.
Women of child-bearing potential, defined as all women physiologically capable of becoming pregnant, must have a negative serum pregnancy test before initiation of study treatment and must also use highly effective methods of contraception while enrolled in the study. The use of highly effective contraception should continue for at least 14 days after the last dose of study treatment or until the last day of TFR/TFR-2, or for the duration of a monthly cycle of oral contraception, whichever is longer. Acceptable forms of highly effective contraception methods include:
Total abstinence (when this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the patient. Periodic abstinence (e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, post-ovulation methods) and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception
Female sterilization (have had surgical bilateral oophorectomy with or without hysterectomy), total hysterectomy, or tubal ligation at least six weeks before taking study treatment. In case of oophorectomy alone, only when the reproductive status of the woman has been confirmed by follow up hormone level assessment
Male sterilization (at least 6 months prior to screening). The vasectomized male partner should be the sole partner for that subject Use of oral, injected or implanted hormonal methods of contraception or placement of an intrauterine device (IUD) or intrauterine system (IUS), or other forms of hormonal contraception that have comparable efficacy (failure rate <1%), for example hormone vaginal ring or transdermal hormone contraception. In case of use of oral contraception, women should be stable on the same pill for a minimum of 3 months before taking study treatment. Women are considered post-menopausal and not of child bearing potential if they have had 12 months of natural (spontaneous) amenorrhea with an appropriate clinical profile (e.g. age appropriate, history of vasomotor symptoms) or have had surgical bilateral oophorectomy with or without hysterectomy), total hysterectomy, or tubal ligation at least six weeks prior to enrolling. In the case of oophorectomy alone, only when the reproductive status of the woman has been confirmed by follow up hormone level assessment is she considered not of child bearing potential. If a study patient becomes pregnant or is suspected of being pregnant during the study or within 30 days as part of safety evaluations after the final dose of nilotinib, the Study Doctor needs to be informed immediately and any ongoing study treatment with nilotinib has to be stopped immediately.
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There are 62 Locations for this study
Los Angeles California, 90033, United States
Beech Grove Indiana, 46107, United States
Baltimore Maryland, 21229, United States
Galveston Texas, 77555, United States
Vancouver Washington, 98683, United States
Caba Buenos Aires, C1221, Argentina
Buenos Aires , C1114, Argentina
Adelaide South Australia, 5000, Australia
Box Hill Victoria, 3128, Australia
Antwerp , 2060, Belgium
Goiania GO, 74605, Brazil
Belo Horizonte MG, 30130, Brazil
Rio de Janeiro RJ, 20.21, Brazil
Rio De Janiero RJ, 20231, Brazil
Porto Alegre RS, 90035, Brazil
Campinas SP, 13083, Brazil
Hamilton Ontario, L8V 5, Canada
Toronto Ontario, M5G 2, Canada
Montreal Quebec, H1T 2, Canada
Quebec , G1J 1, Canada
Bordeaux , 33076, France
Grenoble , 38043, France
Lyon , 69373, France
Strasbourg cedex , 67085, France
Vandoeuvre les Nancy , 54511, France
Mannheim Baden-Wuerttemberg, 68305, Germany
Berlin , 13353, Germany
Heilbronn , 74072, Germany
Potsdam , 14467, Germany
Ulm , 89081, Germany
Larissa GR, 411 1, Greece
Athens , 106 7, Greece
Athens , 18547, Greece
Haifa , 31096, Israel
Petach Tikva , 49414, Israel
Ramat Gan , 52621, Israel
Nagoya Aichi, 464 8, Japan
Narita Chiba, 286-8, Japan
Fukuoka city Fukuoka, 812-8, Japan
Kurume city Fukuoka, 830-0, Japan
Akita , 010-8, Japan
Aomori , 030 8, Japan
Chiba , 260 8, Japan
Seoul Seocho Gu, 06591, Korea, Republic of
Monterrey Nuevo Leon, 64718, Mexico
Krakow Malopolskie, 30-51, Poland
Gdansk , 80-95, Poland
Warszawa , 02 77, Poland
Moscow , 12516, Russian Federation
St Petersburg , 19102, Russian Federation
St Petersburg , 19734, Russian Federation
Singapore , 16960, Singapore
Sevilla Andalucia, 41013, Spain
Santander Cantabria, 39008, Spain
Badalona Catalunya, 08916, Spain
Alicante Comunidad Valenciana, 03010, Spain
La Laguna Santa Cruz De Tenerife, 38320, Spain
Madrid , 28006, Spain
Madrid , 28034, Spain
Madrid , 28046, Spain
Liverpool , L7 8X, United Kingdom
Nottingham , NG5, United Kingdom
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