Non Hodgkin Lymphoma Clinical Trial
Blood Stem Cell Transplant With Low Dose Chemotherapy for Relapsed Follicular Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma (BMT CTN 0701)
Blood stem cell transplants are one treatment option for people with lymphoma or other types of blood cancers. For this type of treatment, family members or unrelated donors with a similar tissue type usually donate their blood stem cells to the transplant patients. This study will evaluate the effectiveness of a type of blood stem cell transplant that uses lower doses of chemotherapy in people with relapsed follicular non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL).
Follicular NHL, a type of blood cancer, is the second most common type of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, with approximately 15,000 new cases being diagnosed each year in the United States. Chemotherapy is a common treatment option for people with NHL, and at first most people achieve cancer remission with initial chemotherapy. However, after the initial chemotherapy, people with this disease typically experience a continuous pattern of relapse that results in progressively shorter remission durations. A blood stem cell transplant is another treatment option for people with follicular NHL. In a blood stem cell transplant procedure, healthy blood stem cells are taken from a donor and transplanted into the patient. The cells can be donated by a family member or an unrelated donor who has a similar tissue type. Typically, people who are undergoing a blood stem cell transplant receive high doses of chemotherapy before the transplant to prepare their bodies to accept the donor stem cells. In this study, participants will undergo a type of stem cell transplant called a nonmyeloablative transplant, which involves a reduced intensity method of transplantation that does not require high doses of chemotherapy. The purpose of the study is to examine the effectiveness of a nonmyeloablative allogeneic blood stem cell transplant at improving survival rates in people with relapsed follicular NHL.
This study will enroll people with relapsed follicular NHL. At a baseline study visit, participants will undergo a medical history review, physical examination, blood collection, lung function testing, computed tomography (CT) scans, a bone marrow biopsy, and questionnaires to assess quality of life. Participants will be admitted to the hospital and on various days in the 2 weeks before the transplant, they will receive fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, rituximab, which are cancer medications, and tacrolimus, a medication that will help prevent graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), which is an attack by the donor cells on the body's normal tissues. Participants will then undergo the blood stem cell transplant. At various times during the 2 weeks after the transplant, participants will receive rituximab and methotrexate, which is another medication to prevent GVHD. They will also receive tacrolimus for at least 6 months to help prevent GVHD. Participants will remain in the hospital for as long as necessary to recover from the transplant. Follow-up study visits will occur weekly for Weeks 1 to 14, and then at Months 6, 12, 18, and 24. At each study visit, select baseline procedures will be repeated.
Must have confirmed CD20+ follicle center lymphoma that meets one of the following:
Histologically confirmed recurrent Revised European American Lymphoma (REAL) Classification CD20+ follicle center lymphoma, follicular grades I and II
Histologically confirmed World Health Organization (WHO) classification CD20+ follicular lymphoma grades 1, 2, or 3a.
For either classification, the diffuse component of large cleaved cells (if present) cannot be greater than 50% of cellularity. Patients do not have to express t(14;18) to be eligible.
Any number of prior regimens (including autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation [HCT]); the most recent prior regimen must have occurred more than 28 days before study entry
Must demonstrate chemosensitive or radiosensitive disease to most recent prior regimen and meet one of the following criteria:
Patients in second or subsequent complete remission (CR)
Patients in first or subsequent partial remission (PR)
Patients experiencing a relapse that demonstrates a response, as defined as largest nodal mass less than or equal to 3 cm or greater than or equal to 50% reduction in estimated lymph node volume measured as a product of bi-dimensional measurements (see protocol for detailed definition).
Patients with stable follicular lymphoma are eligible if all lymph node masses are less than or equal to 3 cm and are smaller or unchanged in size to the most recent salvage regimen.
Patients with human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched donors that meet the following criteria:
6/6 HLA-matched related donor. HLA typing must be performed by DNA methods for HLA-A and B at intermediate (or higher) resolution, and DRB1 at high resolution. The donor must be willing to donate peripheral blood stem cells and meet institutional criteria for stem cell donation. The donor must be medically eligible to donate stem cells according to individual transplant center criteria; or,
8/8 HLA-matched unrelated donor. HLA typing must be performed by DNA methods for HLA-A, B, C, and DRB1 at high resolution. The donor must be willing to donate peripheral blood stem cells and meet National Marrow Donor Program (NMDP) criteria for stem cell donation. The donor must be medically eligible to donate stem cells according to NMDP criteria.
Patients with adequate organ function, as measured by the following:
Heart: Left ventricular ejection fraction at rest greater than 45%
Lungs: Diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), or forced vital capacity (FVC) greater than 50% of predicted (corrected for hemoglobin). For patients in whom pulse oximetry is performed, baseline O2 saturation greater than 85% (when lung function testing cannot be performed due to age restrictions)
Liver: Bilirubin less than two times the upper limit of normal for age as per local laboratory; alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) less than three times the upper limit of normal as per local laboratory
Kidney: Calculated or measured creatinine clearance greater than or equal to 40 mL/min; if creatinine is greater than or equal to 1.5 mg/dL then 24-hour urine for measured creatinine clearance should be performed.
Patients in first CR
Karnofsky performance score less than 70%
Patients with follicular lymphoma that demonstrates evidence of histologic transformation. In the presence of B symptoms, rapid growth of a single dominant site, or prolonged (> 2 yrs) interval since last tissue diagnosis, investigators are encouraged to consider re-biopsy of nodes prior to enrollment.
Uncontrolled bacterial, viral, or fungal infection (i.e., currently taking medication and progression of clinical symptoms)
Prior cancer, other than resected basal cell carcinoma or treated cervical carcinoma in situ. Cancer treated with curative intent less than 5 years will not be allowed unless approved by the medical monitor or protocol chair. Cancer treated with curative intent greater than 5 years will be allowed.
Pregnant or breastfeeding
Seropositive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
Fertile men or women unwilling to use contraception from the time of initiation of conditioning until 6 months post-transplant
Prior allogeneic HSCT
Known anaphylactic reaction to rituximab
Seropositive for any of the following: HIV ab, hepatitis B sAg or polymerase chain reaction (PCR)+, or hepatitis C ab or PCR+
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There are 20 Locations for this study
Duarte California, 91010, United States
La Jolla California, 92093, United States
Sacramento California, 95817, United States
Stanford California, 94305, United States
Gainesville Florida, 32610, United States
Tampa Florida, 33624, United States
Chicago Illinois, 60612, United States
Boston Massachusetts, 02114, United States
Boston Massachusetts, 02114, United States
Minneapolis Minnesota, 55455, United States
Omaha Nebraska, 68198, United States
Chapel Hill North Carolina, 27599, United States
Winston-Salem North Carolina, 27157, United States
Cleveland Ohio, 44106, United States
Columbus Ohio, 43210, United States
Oklahoma City Oklahoma, 73104, United States
Nashville Tennessee, 37232, United States
Houston Texas, 77030, United States
Morgantown West Virginia, 26506, United States
Madison Wisconsin, 53792, United States
Milwaukee Wisconsin, 53211, United States
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