Non Hodgkin Lymphoma Clinical Trial
Doxorubicin, Vinblastine, Dacarbazine, Brentuximab Vedotin, and Nivolumab in Treating Patients With Stage I-II Hodgkin Lymphoma
This phase II trial evaluates how well AVD (doxorubicin, vinblastine, dacarbazine) in combination with brentuximab vedotin and nivolumab work in treating patients with stage I-II Hodgkin lymphoma. Drugs used in the chemotherapy, such as doxorubicin, vinblastine, dacarbazine, and brentuximab vedotin, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, and/or by stopping them from spreading. Targeted agent, such as nivolumab, may interfere with the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread by enhancing the immune system. Giving doxorubicin, vinblastine, dacarbazine, brentuximab vedotin, and nivolumab may improve survival of patients with stage I-II Hodgkin lymphoma.
I. To estimate progression-free survival (PFS) at 3 years in patients with previously untreated stage I or II non-bulky Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) who received doxorubicin, vinblastine, dacarbazine (AVD) plus brentuximab vedotin (BV) induction therapy followed by nivolumab (N)VB consolidation therapy.
I. To estimate the overall survival (OS) rate at 3 years in patients with previously untreated stage I or II non-bulky HL who received AVD plus BV induction therapy followed by NVB consolidation therapy.
II. To estimate the percentage of patients with untreated stage I or II non-bulky HL who are positron emission tomography (PET) positive versus PET negative after 3 cycles of AVD plus BV induction therapy.
III. To estimate PFS and OS at 3 and 5 years separately for patients who are PET negative versus PET positive after 3 cycles of AVD plus BV induction followed by NVB consolidation therapy.
IV. To estimate time to progression (TTP) in patients with previously untreated stage I or II non-bulky HL who received AVD plus BV induction therapy followed by NVB consolidation therapy.
V. To estimate the overall response rate and the number of patients who convert to complete response (CMR) after NVB in patients with partial response (PMR) at the end of AVD plus BV induction therapy.
VI. To estimate the duration of response in patients with previously untreated stage I or II non-bulky Hodgkin's lymphoma who received AVD plus BV induction therapy followed by NVB consolidation therapy.
VII. To evaluate the toxicity and tolerability of AVD plus BV induction followed by NVB consolidation therapy as assessed via the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI-CTCAE version [v]4).
I. Optional biopsy tissue samples will be collected for future analysis. II. Optional blood sample will be collected for future analysis. III. Cost-benefit analysis of AVD plus BV followed by NVB consolidation, compared to the current standard therapy with adriamycin, bleomycin, vinblastine plus dacarbazine (ABVD) with or without radiation therapy.
Patients receive doxorubicin intravenously (IV) over 3-5 minutes, vinblastine IV over 3-5 minutes, and dacarbazine IV over >= 30 minutes, and brentuximab vedotin IV over 30 minutes on days 1 and 15. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 3 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients with PET-positive then receive brentuximab vedotin IV over 30 minutes and nivolumab IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 2 weeks for 4 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. PET-positive patients then receive nivolumab IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 2 weeks for 8 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. PET-negative patients receive nivolumab IV over 30 minutes on day 1 starting after AVD and BV treatment. Treatment repeats every 2 weeks for 8 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 4 and 8 weeks, every 3 or 6 months for 2 years, and then once a year for 3 years.
Measurable disease (>= 1.5 cm) as assessed by 2 dimensional measurement by computed tomography (CT)
Previously untreated stage I or II non-bulky (defined as a mass measuring < 10 cm in the longest dimension by CT) classical Hodgkin lymphoma
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) 0-2
Life expectancy >= 3 months
Documented negative serologic testing for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B (unless serologically positive due to prior vaccination), and hepatitis C =< 1 year prior to registration
White blood cell >= 2,000 /mm^3 without transfusion support > 7 days prior to registration
Hemoglobin >= 8.5 g/dL without transfusion support > 7 days prior to registration
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,000 cells/mm^3 without transfusion support > 7 days prior to registration
Platelet count >= 75,000/mm^3 without transfusion support > 7 days prior to registration
Alanine and aspartate aminotransferase (ALT/AST) =< 2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) obtained =< 14 days prior to registration
Total serum bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN (if documented Gilberts syndrome =< 3 x ULN) obtained =< 14 days prior to registration
Serum creatinine =< 1.5 x ULN or measured calculated creatinine clearance >= 40 ml/min for subject with creatinine levels > 1.5 x institutional ULN (per Cockcroft-Gault formula) obtained =< 14 days prior to registration
Negative serum pregnancy test (minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units of human chorionic gonadotropin [HCG]) within 7 days prior to registration in women of child-bearing potential (WOCBP)
Sexually active female of reproductive capability ie, WOCBP, has agreed to use a medically accepted form of contraception from time of registration to completion of study therapy through 24 weeks (6 months) after last dose of NVB or BV; Note: Females of non-child-bearing potential are those who are postmenopausal for > 1 year or who have had a bilateral tubal ligation or hysterectomy
Male subjects agree to use an adequate method of contraception starting with the first dose of study therapy through 31 weeks after the last dose of study therapy
Provide informed written consent
Willing to return to enrolling institution for follow-up (during the active monitoring phase of the study)
Note: During the active monitoring phase of a study (i.e., active treatment and observation), participants must be willing to return to the consenting institution for follow-up
Any of the following because this study involves an investigational agent whose genotoxic, mutagenic and teratogenic effects on the developing fetus and newborn are unknown:
Men or women of childbearing potential who are unwilling to employ adequate contraception
Prior therapies including involved field radiation therapy
Bulky disease (defined as a nodal mass measuring >= 10 cm by CT)
Known central nervous system (CNS) involvement
Moderate or severe hepatic insufficiency Child-Pugh score > 6
Severe renal impairment (i.e. creatinine clearance < 40 mL/min)
Symptomatic cardiac disease including ventricular dysfunction, left ventricular ejection fraction < 45%, symptomatic coronary artery disease or symptomatic arrhythmias
Diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving systemic steroid therapy or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy =< 7 days prior to registration
Known history of active TB (Bacillus tuberculosis)
Requires therapy with agents that have a predisposition for hepatoxicity
Hypersensitivity to NVB or any of its excipients or to any component of AVD + BV therapy
Requires immunosuppressive doses of corticosteroid therapy (> 10 mg/day prednisone equivalents) for >= 2 weeks prior to registration
Active, known, or suspected autoimmune disease that requires systemic treatment (i.e. with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs); Note: Replacement therapy (eg, thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a form of systemic treatment; subjects are permitted to enroll if they have vitiligo, type I diabetes mellitus, residual hypothyroidism due to autoimmune condition only requiring hormone replacement, psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger
Active infection requiring systemic IV antibiotic therapy
History of Steven's Johnson's syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis syndrome (TENs) or motor neuropathy
History or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the trial, interfere with the subject's participation for the full duration of the trial, or is not in the best interest of the subject to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator
Known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the trial
Received prior therapy with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, or anti-PD-L2 agent
Known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (HIV 1/2 antibodies)
Known active hepatitis B (e.g., hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] reactive) or hepatitis C (e.g., hepatitis C virus [HCV] ribonucleic acid [RNA] [qualitative] is detected)
Received a live vaccine =< 30 days prior to registration; Note: Seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally inactivated flu vaccines and are allowed; however, intranasal influenza vaccines (e.g., Flu-Mist) are live attenuated vaccines, and are not allowed; routine vaccinations, including seasonal influenza, must be given >= 2 weeks prior to registration
History of allergies and adverse drug reaction to study drug components
History of another primary malignancy that has not been in remission for at least 3 years; (Note: The following are exempt for the 3-year limit: nonmelanoma skin cancer, fully excised melanoma in situ [stage 0], curatively treated localized prostate cancer, and cervical carcinoma in situ on biopsy or a squamous intraepithelial lesion on papanicolaou [PAP] smear)
Co-morbid systemic illnesses or other severe concurrent disease which, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study or interfere significantly with the proper assessment of safety and toxicity of the prescribed regimens
Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
Receiving any other investigational agent which would be considered as a treatment for the primary neoplasm
History of progressive promyelocytic leukemia (PML), known history of pancreatitis, active grade 3 or higher viral, bacterial or fungal infection =< 2 weeks prior to registration and documented history of cerebrovascular event (stroke or transient ischemic attack [TIA]) =< 6 months prior to registration
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There are 9 Locations for this study
Duarte California, 91010, United States
Rochester Minnesota, 55905, United States
Omaha Nebraska, 68198, United States
Hackensack New Jersey, 07601, United States
Charlotte North Carolina, 28203, United States
Philadelphia Pennsylvania, 19104, United States
Nashville Tennessee, 37232, United States
Houston Texas, 77030, United States
Seattle Washington, 98195, United States
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